11hemingway

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Life and times of Ernest Hemingway

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11hemingway

  1. 1. Ernest Hemingway 1899-1961
  2. 2. <ul><li>Born July 21 , in Oak Park, Illinois. </li></ul><ul><li>Father a doctor, mother a religious woman who taught music. </li></ul><ul><li>Boxed, played football, and wrote for the high school newspaper. </li></ul><ul><li>Hunted and fished with his father. </li></ul>Hemingway showing off his catch.
  3. 3. <ul><li>Tried to enlist in the Army during WWI, but couldn’t get in due to an eye injury from boxing in high school. </li></ul><ul><li>Joined the Red Cross, drove an ambulance on the Italian front. </li></ul><ul><li>Was wounded and sent home a hero. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Hemingway fell in love with an American nurse, Agnes von Kurowsky, who was taking care of him in Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>She would become the model for the woman in the short story “A Very Short Story” and the novel A Farewell to Arms. </li></ul><ul><li>She wrote to him and broke off the relationship after he returned to the United States. </li></ul>Agnes von Kurowsky
  5. 5. Rules for writing <ul><li>1917 job at Kansas City Star: </li></ul><ul><li>Be brief </li></ul><ul><li>Be simple </li></ul><ul><li>Be clear </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Began writing for The Toronto Star. </li></ul><ul><li>1921 - Married Hadley Richardson. </li></ul><ul><li>They move to Paris joining other writers: James Joyce, Gertrude Stein, Ezra Pound, F.Scott Fitzgerald. </li></ul><ul><li>Gertrude Stein dubbed them “The Lost Generation.” </li></ul>Hadley, Ernest, and their son John.
  7. 7. <ul><li>Publishes: </li></ul><ul><li>1925 - In Our Time </li></ul><ul><li>1926 - The Sun Also Rises </li></ul><ul><li>1927 - Divorces Hadley, marries Pauline Pfieffer, a fashion reporter. </li></ul><ul><li>They have two sons. </li></ul><ul><li>1928 - Moves to Key West, Florida. </li></ul><ul><li>1929 - Father commits suicide. </li></ul><ul><li>1929- A Farewell to Arms </li></ul>Hemingway and Pauline.
  8. 8. <ul><li>1933 - Travels to Africa, big game hunting. </li></ul><ul><li>1937 - War correspondent during Spanish Civil War. </li></ul><ul><li>1937 - To Have and Have Not </li></ul><ul><li>Divorces Pauline, marries Martha Gellhorn, a writer. </li></ul><ul><li>1940 - For Whom The Bell Tolls </li></ul><ul><li>Moves to Cuba. </li></ul><ul><li>Hemingway covers World War II. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>1942 - Divorces Martha, marries Mary Welsh. </li></ul><ul><li>1952 - The Old Man and the Sea published </li></ul><ul><li>Wins the Pulitzer Prize. </li></ul><ul><li>1954 - Plane crash in Africa, Hemingway seriously injured. Never really recovers. </li></ul><ul><li>1954 - Nobel Prize - too ill to attend ceremony. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>1959 - Castro kicks all Americans out of Cuba. </li></ul><ul><li>Hemingway moves to Ketchum, Idaho. </li></ul><ul><li>Works on his memoir, A Moveable Feast. </li></ul>Hemingway and Castro. Hemingway duck hunting in Idaho.
  11. 11. <ul><li>1960 - Hemingway was treated at The Mayo Clinic for depression and poor health. </li></ul><ul><li>1961 - Hemingway died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Hemingway said: <ul><li>“ I always try to write on the principle of the iceberg. There’s seven-eighths of it under water for every part that shows.” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Modernism <ul><li>Generally considered the time after WWI and before WWII. </li></ul><ul><li>Rejection of traditional themes; e.g. , not love but the inability to commit to love. </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses on the alienated individual. </li></ul><ul><li>Themes of impermanence and change; nothing lasts. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of understatement and irony. </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning is suggested and not stated. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of images and symbols to suggest meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of stream of consciousness. </li></ul><ul><li>Rejects the traditional structure of a story. </li></ul><ul><li>Many paradoxes and unclear resolutions. </li></ul>

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