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Worm farming guide


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If you want information on how to get started with worm farming then this ebook will give you guidelines on how to start a worm farm at home.

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Worm farming guide

  1. 1. Worm Farming Guide (Manual)
  2. 2. © Copyright How To Make A Worm Farm - All Rights Reserved. No part of this report may be reproduced or transmitted in any form whatsoever, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any informational storage or retrieval system without expression written, dated and signed permission from the authors. DISCLAIMER AND/OR LEGAL NOTICES The Publisher has strived to be as accurate and complete as possible in the creation of this report, notwithstanding the fact that he does not warrant or represent at any time that the contents within are accurate due to the rapidly changing nature of the Internet. While all attempts have been made to verify information provided in this publication, the Publisher assumes no responsibility for errors, omissions, or contrary interpretation of the subject matter herein. Any perceived slights of specific persons, peoples, or organizations are unintentional. In practical advice books, like anything else in life, there are no guarantees of income made. Readers are cautioned to reply on their own judgment about their individual circumstances to act accordingly. This book is not intended for use as a source of legal, business, accounting or financial advice. All readers are advised to seek services of competent professionals in legal, business, accounting, and finance field. Know Anyone Else Who May Want To Start A Worm Farm! You are granted full rights to give away or distribute this report to your friends, customers, subscribers, as a products, gift to your website visitors or/and gift on your newsletter.
  3. 3. Please Start By Reading This - Then Pass It On - "The man who can drive himself further once the effort gets painful is the man who will win." Roger Bannister - "The spirit, the will to win, and the will to excel are the things that endure. These qualities are so much important than the events that occur." Vince Lombardi - "Success in our calling is the result of a person's love of and belief in the work he has undertaken. Earnest and conscientious labor often accomplishes more in the end than the brilliant genius." Anonymous - "Food offered without affection is like food offered to the dead." Hindu Proverb - "What you have to do and the way have to do it incredibly simple. Whether you are willing to do it, that's another matter." Peter F. Drucker - The best motivation is self motivation. The guy says, "I wish someone would come by and turn me on." What if they don't show up? You've got to have a better plan for your life. Jim Rohn - "How does one measure time? No, not in days, months, or years. It is measured by the most precious of all things: Love. Without which all beings and things whether brave and/or beautiful would perish." Irish Blesshin
  4. 4. Table of Contents: - The History of Worms and Worm Farming..................................................................5 - Facts about Worm Farming..........................................................................................6 - How To Get Started On Worm Farming.......................................................................7 - The Different Sorts of Worm Farms.............................................................................8 - Picking out the Right Worms for Worm Farming........................................................9 - Feeding the Worms in a Worm Farm...........................................................................10 - Managing the Problems in the Worm Farm.................................................................12 - Building a Worm Farm Business.................................................................................13
  5. 5. The History of Worms and Worm Farming When nearly all of us think of worms, we think of the few pink earthworms that visit the garden, strolling through the soil and showing their faces after a heavy rain. We do not often stop to think about the history involved in these legless creatures. Some individuals even put these guys to work for profit and natural soil care through an operation referred to as worm farming. So how long have worms really been around? To take a look at the history of worm farming, we've to go way back prior to the age of man. Worms have been established almost since the beginning of time. Even in the age of the dinosaurs, earthworms worked hard conking out excrement and waste. Their job was to make a substance more helpful to the soil. Successively, the level of fertility of the soil would remain high promoting a better rate of growth. From 51 and 30 B.C., the Queen of Egypt, Cleopatra VII realized the importance the worms played in the fertilization of the Nile. The export of worms from Egypt was then banned and became a crime punishable by death. For this reason, the Nile has been reported to contain the most fertile soil internationally even today. A number of years later, Charles Darwin published "The Formation of Vegetable Mould through the Actions of Worms with Observations on their Habits" in 1881. He mentions here that the plough was one of the better inventions made by man. It changed the lives of farmers everywhere. The worm nevertheless, has been doing the same job some time before man although later they were once considered a pest. It was thought that worms destroyed flowers, chewing through the roots of crops. In reality, the worms plough through the Earth carrying water and air beneath the soil aerating and fertilizing it. Darwin continued to study earthworms, their habits and their benefits to man for over forty years. He even went so far as to label these crawlers as one of the most important creatures on earth. During the Industrial Revolution in the 1800s chemistry was found and Darwin's studies were cast aside. Worm farming as a natural method for ploughing was ignored. Instead, false products were used for the task for a faster more streamlined way of producing a larger yield of growth. Chemists produced fertilizers that raised to the expansion of crops. These fertilizers also damaged the soil, requiring even more fertilizers to continue to produce this increased growth yield. Other chemical substances like pest sprays and poisons have caused the reduction in the populace of earthworms in the soil, thereby causing a fall in the fertility of the soil. As a result of the accessibility and simplicity, fertilizers and pesticides have been primarily employed in crops across the world. Yet, some farmers began to culture their own worms on a smaller scale. Worm farming, or vermiculture, is the application of earthworms to aerate soil and change organic material into compost. It only became an advertisement process in the 1970s. Worm farmers experience fluctuations in production and revenue depending on market requirements and need. While commercial worm farmers still exist and function efficiently, many people have begun to establish their own techniques of farming worms.
  6. 6. This has been produced easier through easily obtainable worm farming supplies and equipment to encourage a more natural way of producing well fertilized soil and for composting waste. The views about worms and how they effect the surroundings have changed dramatically in recent times. Whether they're held sacred or considered nasty slimy critters, worms have exhibited to be hardy and beneficial enough to last this long; they're probably going to loiter for numerous years to come. Facts about Worm Farming Worm farming is a great way to naturally compost waste and different discarded materials. Therefore, nutrient rich soil is produced and can be used in flower beds, crops, and gardens. In spite of all the reading and research one does, issues may arise and can result in some concern. Here are a few of the commonly reported questions and issues with worm farms: Smell It is sometimes thought by many that a smelly worm farm is typical. As a matter of fact, it's not. If worms are retained a suitable environment, they will not smell. If the farm has an odor, the most probable cause is overfeeding. Material to be composted is placed on the top layer of soil for the worms to consume. If too much is given to the worms, it can begin to rot causing a develop of bacterium within the walls of the worm farm. This is the grounds for the smell. To cure the circumstance, simply discontinue feeding of the worms until any uneaten material is dead. The soil should likewise be stirred for aeration and to permit the worms to move more freely. Bugs and different pests Using a container with a tight lid can help prevent many pests from infesting the worm farm but some are sneaky enough to make it in regardless. Small vinegar flies are often a grievance among worm farmers. This sort of fly is of no harm to the worm farm but typically is a consequence of overfeeding. Large flies appear when there is plenty of food. Ants are also a common issue. If ants are seen in the worm farm, the prospects are pretty good that the soil is too dry. Adding water to the soil to rise the moisture can help eradicate ants. If using a worm farm that stands on legs, simply apply some petroleum jelly to the legs to steer clear of the ants from being in position to climb up. Maggots can be found in worm farms where meat is provided to the worms. The best scenario is to eradicate meat from the diet program altogether. If maggots have made their way into the worm farm, they can be eradicated by locating a milk soaked piece of bread into the farm; the maggots will be drawn to it and can just be removed. Worms leave the farm This topic leaves it up to the worm farmer to figure out what the problem is and fix it. If a worm is leaving, he is unhappy with his environment and is searching for a more suitable one. Worms will escape for reasons such as the soil being too dry or there isn't enough food. On the other hand, soil that is too wet could easily be affecting the worms, causing them to want to leave.
  7. 7. The source of the problem should either be eradicated or fixed. If the soil is too dry, clean water should be added to the farm. If it is too wet, the excess ought to be drained and new bedding should replace the old. Locate the grounds for the excess moisture and eradicate it. Make sure that the worms are getting enough food and the farm is in an area where the temperature will stay constant. Feeding There can be some confusion on what to feed worms. Correct foods to feed include fruits, vegetables, egg shells, greens, tea bags and coffee grounds and filters. Non- food items can likewise be fed to the worms and include soaked cardboard, paper products, cotton rags, leaves, dirt and hair. More significant are the items that shouldn't be fed. Dairy products, meat, citrus, onions and garden waste that has been treated with chemicals are all matters to avoid in a worm farm. These are just a few of the commonplace themes when considering worm farming. Although they are pretty easy to care for, it is important to realize the reason for some of the changes or issues noticed within the worm farm. Problems ought to be corrected early to steer clear of the loss of the worms. Providing a proper environment, correct food, suitable moisture level and temperature will help ensure a supply of happy and healthy worms. How To Get Started On Worm Farming Getting started on a worm farm isn't that complex, all you need is a bit of passion for recycling and some trivia about worms. Here is a hodge podge of some worm trivia that may help motivate and inspire you more with your worm farm venture. How much do worms eat? Well, mature worms which can consume as much as their body weight every day. For those that are just started in worm farming and would like to know how to produce worms eat more to be more productive. The answer is simple- shred, mash or blend food scraps as these will make it more digestible and easily consumed by the worms. Also maintain worm bed temperature at around 23-25 degrees celsius, as it is at these temperatures that worms feed better. Lastly, avoid acidic foods, as it messes up the worms' gastrointestinal system. Here are several things you may likewise want to avoid feeding your worms, manure, onions, citrus fruits or peelings, garlic, garden waste sprayed with insecticides, dairy items like milk and cheese or meat. Here are some more faq's that can assist would be worm farmers access it their way to succeeding in this hobby.
  8. 8. Is it ok to water the worm bed regularly? Watering the farm will enhance the output of liquid fertilizer, but ensure not to pour too much water into it or it could drown the worms. Take note that food wastes are about 80% water which is released as the worms break them down. If water is poured over the system every couple of weeks, be certain to just add water only as much as getting the worm bed damp and cool, you should have a constant supply of liquid fertilizer. Will I be in a position to harvest more worms? The answer is no, worms regulate themselves with any given or available space and the amount of food administered to them. Is it normal for these worms to gather on the lid of the farm when it is raining? Yes, as it a typical response for these worms to react this way during the rainy season to avoid getting drowned. Simply move the worm farm boxes over to an area where it does not get exposed to too much rain and replace the worms back to the farm bedding. Why are worms not moving to the top level of the tray? This may well be so because you may have added new food before the worms have consumed the previous feeding batch. Worms have the instinct to keep with leftover food and won't look for a new food source until it consumes what was left previously. Before you add new trays, stop feeding the worms for at least 5 days to ensure all existing food has been consumed. Also ensure that the level of castings in the running tray needs to be high enough for the worms to pass easily up to the next tray. Can worms endure high temperatures? Worms can tolerate a temperature range between 10-30 degrees Celsius. If temperatures get hotter than its tolerable levels, move the farm into a shady, cool area where it could regulate the moisture and humidity of the worm boxes. In cold temperatures, ensure to cover the box with old garments or carpets, blankets and wool shavings to sustain the warm temperature. It is also best advised to feed the worms at least 25 percent more than it should, since more food digested by the worms permit more heat being generated in their bodies. So pay attention to these ideas and you may be on your way to getting started on a worm farm with confidence. The Different Sorts of Worm Farms Worm farms are effectively in different states all around the United States. Owing to the interest in recycling and the eco-system, these farms make sense. Landfills get less bagged waste, crops are improved, other animals are fed a natural food, and the worms provide natural bait for fishing. Worm farms can provide many things besides worms. Worm gifts, worm candy, worm flour, worm breads, worm cookies, books, dvds, cute worm songs on cds, worm-related toys, fertilizer teas, compost, potting soil, cupped fishing bait, and hands-on activities for youngsters are some ideas.
  9. 9. Worm farming is technically referred to as vermiculture. It can sometimes be a lucrative business, but it's not a method to make a lot of money quickly. It takes patience, education, money, space, and marketing skills. You can't just toss a couple off worms in your yard and expect them to start working and make you rich! If you would like an alternative kind of worm farm, you first would want to research the other worm farms that are on the market. If you make your worm farm unique and fun, you'll draw families. Families actually purchase souvenir type items and knick knacks as memoirs of their adventures. Kids like games. Perhaps you could create some playground equipment for your little visitors with designs that are founded on worms. Demonstrations can make your worm farm different. You can make your worm bins decorative as well to help preserve public interest. People like "eye candy". Things that are brightly colored and designed catch the eye. An individual dressed in a worm suit to chat with the youngsters would be a fun addition to make your worm farm different. A small worm farm museum would be interesting for school groups to see, which would increase public interest and make your worm farm different. You may wish to figure out how to have a worm festival on your worm farm. Provided you have sufficient room for parking and someone to direct traffic, this could provide advertisement and fun for you and for your visitors. Worm contests such as who can eat the most worm cookies or design the best worm poster, the most creative worm art created with playdoh, or races in worm shaped cars are some ideas. Educational benefits exist as well. Your worm farm can be used as a method to illuminate the public on how important the worm is to our natural environment. It can teach people about other worms besides the earthworm and the worms that cause harm. If you would like an alternative kind of worm farm, it takes a great imagination and some ingenuity. Creating interest and a public need is a good way to succeed. It also indicates you will have to stay "on- your-toes" to look after that interest. Of course, it implies more of an investment, too. But in the company world, it takes money to earn money. You simply need to "worm" your distance to the public eye and be discovered! Picking out the Right Worms for Worm Farming Worm farming is done for several reasons. Composting, the manufacture of nutrient rich soil and providing live bait are three of the most commonplace reasons for worm farming. Some worms do a better job at their duties than others so it is important to know how to choose the right worms for your worm farm. Composting is one common reason for worm farming. Worms are used to compost waste and discarded material naturally and without adding to the local landfills. To do this, the worms eat fruit and vegetable scraps, along with other compostable items like paper products, leaves, cotton rags and egg shells.
  10. 10. If composting is the main reason for arranging a worm farm, options ought to be created for the right types of worms that are referred to as being the best for this alternative. The Red Wiggler, or Eisenia fetida, is reportedly the best worm for composting. These worms reproduce easily and can be really hardy. The trait that makes them best as compost worms is their ravenous appetites. As a result of their eagerness to devour anything edible, Red Wigglers produce a high quality substance leading to a nutrient rich soil that is so sought after with worm farming. Perhaps raising worms for the reason for providing live bait is the aim of a worm farm. Bait may be raised for private use or even supplied to local fisherman through bait and tackle shops. The best worms for this reason are the European Night Crawlers. These worms can be used for baiting fish in all kinds of conditions, even in saltwater. The European Nightcrawler is reported to be one of the hardiest fish accessible for worm farming. They can likewise be used as a live food source for other animals like birds, reptiles, exotic pets and aquarium fish. They can be used in a composting type worm farm but work best as live food and bait. Night Crawlers are easily available and have similar care requirements as the Red Wigglers. Worms employed for garden and lawn farming are typically available in sets of three different types of worms. The Red Wiggler and the Night Crawlers are frequently two of the kinds of worms in these sets. The third worm is normally Pheritema, or Florida Wiggler that are worms that burrow deep into the soil. Over 3000 varieties of worms exist. The worms mentioned here are the most commonly used and easily available in the marketplace today. They can be located at numerous online distributors. Local worm farmers can be located through internet directories or by looking up the topic in the local telephone book. Most types of worms are typically made available as adult worms, young worms and egg capsules. Typically sold by the pound, the number of worms per unit will be different dependent on how old they are and size. Egg capsules yield a higher number of worms per unit once hatched. A worm farm will be most successful when the right worm is picked out for the job at hand. While most worms will compost discarded items and waste and act as live bait, some have some small traits that make them the best choice for a worm farm with a specific purpose. Feeding the Worms in a Worm Farm Naturally composting waste provides a living tissue that enriches soil. Taking care of the worms in a worm farm is normally rather easy but there some rules of thumb to follow. Proper feeding is important for the health of the worms, and consequently important for the health of the farm. Worms are fed an assortment of food items, and nonfood items, for composting. Some food type items that might be offered are fruits, vegetables, greens, bread products, cereals, tea bags, coffee grounds and filters and egg shells. The worms will eat almost anything so it is very important to know which foods are right and why. Fruits and vegetables are easily composted by the worms. The essential thing to remember when serving fruits and vegetables is the size of the portions. Fruit pieces should be cut down to 1/2 inch pieces or slices. Smaller pieces will be consumed more rapidly. Food blended up with water will also help the worms find the food and consume it faster.
  11. 11. Fruits and vegetables are highly nourishing. Worms that are fed a fitting diet will in turn produce a nutrient rich substance that is beneficial to crops, gardens, flower beds and even indoor flower pots. Some nonfood items that might be offered to worms for composting are paper products, cotton rags, hair clippings, leaves and soaked cardboard. A pizza box that has been torn up and soaked is a fantastic treat for worms. When offering leaves to a worm farm, be cautious to only want to use goods that have never been treated with chemical substances. For the safety of the worms, grass clipping and various yard clippings should be avoided incase chemical substances have been used. Dog and cat droppings can be used in a worm farm with forethought. Cats or dogs that have been dewormed recently will still have the substance within their bodies. The medicine used for deworming can be excreted in the droppings. If fed to the worms, the droppings can kill the worms quickly. If a pet has been dewormed recently, avoid using the droppings in the worm farm. Care should likewise be taken when offering cat droppings from a litter tray. Inorganic litters are unsafe for the worms. If your plan is to make use of the worms to compost the droppings, using a natural and organic litter will keep the worms happy. While there are lots of foods that might be offered readily, there are also those that ought to be avoided. Care should invariably be taken with items that have been treated with chemical substances, treatments or other substances that might prove harmful. Meats shouldn't be offered to the worms in a worm farm. Being voracious eaters, the worms will gladly consume whatever meat is offered. The trouble with meat is with the pests it will appeal to. Flies and maggots will be found in a worm farm that uses meat and the best way to eliminate these pests is to eliminate the use of meat. Citrus fruits, onions and garlic shouldn't be used either. The worms appear to find the smell of these things offensive. Most worms will endeavor to get away the bin to get far from the smell. Dairy products will also attract unwanted guests into the worm farm. Another problematic issue with serving dairy products is the foul smell that is emitted as it rots. Feeding worms is a pretty easy job. The key is to know which items are good and which are bad for the health of the worms. Another point to always remember is to not over feed. New worms ought to be fed in small amounts when they're becoming established within the farm. Once settled, the amount can be increased in time. Over feeding results in problems like foul smells and pests so keep feeding down to a nominal amount, offering new food only if the old food supply is running low. Worms can eat over half their body weight in food a day. The worm population can double every few months. Overfeeding can cause an issue but keep abreast of the population as well to be certain that underfeeding isn't an issue. A full worm population is a happy worm population. Happy worms produce a great deal of naturally composted, healthy castings for soil enrichment consequently keeping the worm farmer happy as well.
  12. 12. Managing the Problems in the Worm Farm Setting up a worm farm is an interesting and a very simple project to do. With the correct materials and if thorough instruction guide, you can begin harvesting compost in a few days. A worm farm is ideal for people who close to want to recycle food scraps but have no time at all or space to set up and look after a big compost bin. This is the reason why worm farming is perfect for people who live in apartments or relatively small houses who loves plants. Despite the simple task involve in arranging your farm, there may well be several problems or stumbling blocks that individuals have to face. In general, however, problems involving your farm are not as huge as some might thing. Simple solutions are frequently more than adequate to manage situations like presence of flies or a strangely bad smell from the worms. Let's begin with the worm themselves. Worms will produce compost but now and again a bad smell comes out from the farm. The farms should only smell when there's too much uneaten food residue in the area. To remove the smell, stop feeding the worms for a spell. Place some more garden lime on the top level of the stray. Stir the layer as well to allow air into the mixture which also helps the worms play around with better. Over time the smell will be gone which signals you to start feeding your worm friends again. And speaking of food, you should feed your worms only enough. Mature worms can eat about half their body weight that is about 250 grams worth of mashed or blended food. Avoid feeding your worms onions, citrus, garlic, garden waste, dairy products, manures and meat. Meat and acidic food will also publish a nasty smell from your farm that is another reason why you should not feed it to the worms. Don't concern yourself about the populace of your worms. Your worms will regulate themselves. One or more of the other things that you may encounter are ants or flies invading your worm farm. Ants will usually enter the farm when the area has in a very short space of time become really dry and quite acidic. One method to get rid of them is to add water into your container to increase the moisture level. It would be a great thing also to elevate the container. You can place garden lime where the ants are at or put the container on legs on a basin of water. That should do the job. For flies, small ones are normally not that too much of a problem. For large flies, however, one way to reduce their number would be to lower the amount and frequency of feeding your worms. When cockroaches start to invade you should place a lid over the container. Another possible problem would be maggots. But maggots only appear when you introduce meat into the farm. So the solution obviously would be not to feed them meat. Nonetheless, when for some reason maggots still do appear, it would be preferable to remove them by letting them cling into bread soaked in milk. Other added tips for your worm farm include making the farm damp. Nonetheless, do not make it too wet as the worms can drown from the water. If you discover your worms not reproducing, it would be preferable to put the farm under a shade. A cooler place will help keep the soil moist that is ideal for worm reproduction.
  13. 13. Building a Worm Farm Business Most people would never guess that growing worms could be a profitable business. There are lots of people that would buy worms from a worm farm. Mostly, they are individuals who need quality worms for their fishing trips or gardeners who wants good worms that can work the soil. Building a farm is extremely easy, and a small business can be set up as quickly as a matter of hours. Here are some tips on how to get going on your first farm. Use good worms only First off, it is significant to have the right sort of worms. You can't just go out into your garden and catch just any kind of worm. There are specific worms that worm people look for, some of that are tiger worms and red worms. If you don't know where to find these sorts of worms, you can visit a plant nursery or to another farm and purchase a few to get going. Get some soil Next, you will have to get some soil. The soil is not that important, you don't have to go to the market and purchase good quality soil. Clean, moist soil from your backyard will do. Just use your intuition when finding a moist, fertile soil. Build a place for your worms to live As soon as you have your worms and your soil, it's time to create a good environment for them to grow in. Worms love dark and moist places, so pick a place in your home that is cool and faraway from the sunlight. The darker the better, and if it's a little humid, that's even better. Find some sort of containers that you are able to use to keep your worms in. Any sort of waterproof plastic containers will do. Other common worm housing units are apple crates, plastic bins, wooden boxes, or glass jars. The benefit of box-shaped containers is that you are able to stack them up so that they don't take up too much space. Line the container with some newspaper. This will keep light faraway from the soil, and help to keep it moist. Then, put in the soil, and moisten it with some clean water. Now, position the worms into the soil, and put in some particles of food that they can feed upon in the first place. Top it off with slightly more soil, moisten it by spraying slightly more clean water, and it's done! You have built your first and own worm production farm. Feed your worms regularly Worms aren't picky eaters, and you can feed them most anything. Popular food options are leaves, fruits, vegetables, eggshells, and paper. There are just a few things that you shouldn't feed your worms, some of that are citrus fruits and onions. Building a worm farm is one of the easiest businesses to build and look after. It usually a few hours to gather all the compounds you need, and once you have build your farm there is very minimal maintenance. The worms do all the work for you! If you are searching for a low-maintenance, no- brainer business to earn a little cash on the side, then a worm farm is the company for you.
  14. 14. "Get The Complete Guide On Setting Up A Productive Worm Farm And Avoid Costly Mistakes" Introducing.... How To Make A Warm Farm Inside This eBook You Will Learn: Get a Introduction to Worm Farming and its Benefits How to be Successful With Your Worm Farm Items You Need to Create a Worm Farm The Kind of Worms You Can Use (Not Just Any Worms Will Do) Learn How To Design Your Worm Farm What is Bedding and What is Used to Make It
  15. 15. What Kind of Waste is Prohibited from Putting in the Compost Why You Cannot Use Glossy Paper for the Bedding Learn How Composting Affects Fruits and Vegetables. Get a Deep Explanation On Vermicomposting What Aeration Does in Relation to the Worm Farm and the Compost Pile. Why You Need Oxygen for the Worm Farm. Why You Need a Balance of Nitrogen and Carbon. How to Setup Small And Large Scale Worm Farms Food And Feeding How The Worm Population Is Controlled Worm Farming Issues and how to deal with them Other Things You Can Do With Compost How To Start A Worm Farm Business The Only Resources You Need (Click Below) To Saving Our Environment! Best Regards, Lynda Dillman.