Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. What’s a Wiki?
  2. 2. What’s a Wiki? <ul><li>Hawaiian for “quick” or “informal” </li></ul><ul><li>A webpage with content created by and edited by multiple users, with immediate results visible to all </li></ul><ul><li>The software used to create such a webpage </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://wikipedia.org/wiki </li></ul>
  3. 3. Interesting Facts <ul><li>The oldest known wiki is the WikiWikiWeb , created by Ward Cunningham in 1995: http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?WelcomeVisitors </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia saw a 154% traffic increase last year (Hitwise)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia was recently cited as the #1 reference source on the web (HitWise)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Has spawned a parody site, the Uncyclopedia , filled with misinformation and utter lies: http://uncyclopedia.org/wiki/ </li></ul>
  4. 4. How Are Wikis Used? <ul><li>Collections of articles or documents </li></ul><ul><li>Themed booklists </li></ul><ul><li>Collections of shared materials (Ellison dies, equipment, etc </li></ul><ul><li>FAQs on a topic </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative student projects (i.e., poems, fanfic, art, book reviews...)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Editing policies or other documents </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarly communication </li></ul><ul><li>Other??? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Advantages <ul><li>Anyone can edit </li></ul><ul><li>No HTML required </li></ul><ul><li>Changes are immediate </li></ul><ul><li>Pages and links are instant & automatic </li></ul><ul><li>No one knows everything, but everyone knows something </li></ul><ul><li>Many hands make light work </li></ul><ul><li>Edits are easy to view and track </li></ul><ul><li>Use Web Standards http://www.webstandards.org/learn/faq/ </li></ul><ul><li>Other??? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Disadvantages <ul><li>Anyone can edit </li></ul><ul><li>Misinformation may not get fixed immediately </li></ul><ul><li>Unfamiliar style (no HTML)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly text, few bells & whistles </li></ul><ul><li>Authority of authors questionable </li></ul><ul><li>Fictional entries </li></ul><ul><li>Citation can be challenging </li></ul><ul><li>Other??? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Why Do Wikis Work? <ul><li>Everyone owns it, so everyone is responsible and feels a sense of ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Small groups of volunteers are very dedicated </li></ul><ul><li>The cream rises to the top </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis generate a culture of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>and respect </li></ul><ul><li>Discourse is courteous </li></ul><ul><li>Other??? </li></ul>
  8. 8. When Do Wikis Fail? <ul><li>Spam, though discouraged and deleted, still rears it’s ugly head </li></ul><ul><li>Disagreements occur </li></ul><ul><li>Entries and threads get off topic </li></ul><ul><li>Fictional subjects are taken as truth </li></ul><ul><li>If you feel a sense of personal ownership over your writing, wikis are not for you! </li></ul><ul><li>Pages not maintained may disappear </li></ul><ul><li>Other??? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Examples of Wikis
  10. 10. Wikipedia <ul><li>Free online encyclopedia with over 2 million articles in English on a variety of topics </li></ul><ul><li>350,000 contributors </li></ul><ul><li>25 languages </li></ul><ul><li>2 million entries </li></ul><ul><li>Five times more popular than Google News, Yahoo News or BBC (Hitwise)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly as accurate as Encyclopedia Britannica </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wikipedia.org </li></ul>
  11. 11. WikiNews <ul><li>A wikipedia spin-off that allows anyone to become a journalist </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikinews.org/wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Free textbooks and book-based texts, (similar to Cliff’s Notes ), subdivided into books for youth and academic titles and projects </li></ul><ul><li>http://en. wikipedia .org/ wiki / Wikibooks </li></ul>WikiBooks
  12. 12. Examples of Library Wikis
  13. 13. LIS Wiki <ul><li>The Library and Information Science wiki that anyone can edit, with over 200 articles on topics ranging from advocacy to virtual reference </li></ul><ul><li>http://liswiki.org/wiki/ </li></ul><ul><li>Resource of best practices for libraries; articles on collection development, reference, technology, and programming </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.libsuccess.org </li></ul>Library Success
  14. 14. YALSA Wiki <ul><li>Advocacy, Committee Work, TRW/TTW planning </li></ul><ul><li>http://wikis.ala.org/yalsa/index.php/Main_Page </li></ul><ul><li>For use with blogs and photos </li></ul><ul><li>http:// teacherlibrarianwiki . pbwiki .com/ </li></ul>Joyce Valenza’s Teacher Librarian Wiki
  15. 15. EDCO Wiki! <ul><li>Web 2.0 resources </li></ul><ul><li>http://edcolibrary.wikispaces.com </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Waltham High School Wiki about wikis by Kendall Boninti </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://walthamhigh.wikispaces.com/ </li></ul></ul>WHS Wiki
  16. 16. CT Nutmeg Wiki <ul><li>Student selected (like the MA Children's Book Award from Salem State). Great model for online book discussion for students. </li></ul><ul><li>http://nutmeg.wikispaces.com/ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources about bibliotherapy. Only a few booklists! Contribute! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://bibliotherapy.wikispaces.com/ </li></ul></ul>Bibliotherapy Wiki
  17. 17. ALA TechSource GLLS2007 <ul><li>Used to promote the event, and then presentations (audio, video, ppt, handouts) were archived here. Excellent resource for Gaming in Libraries! </li></ul><ul><li>http://gaming.techsource.ala.org/index.php/Main_Page </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources about bibliotherapy. Only a few booklists! Contribute! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.wowwiki.com/Main_Page </li></ul></ul>WoWWiki
  18. 18. Resources
  19. 19. Web Resources <ul><li>Wiki Matrix , for comparison of wikis </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wikimatrix.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki Design Principles , a list of concepts by creator Ward Cunningham </li></ul><ul><li>http://c2.com/cgi/wiki/WikiDesignPrinciples </li></ul>
  20. 20. Print Resources <ul><li>Cunningham, Ward and Bo Leuf. The Wiki Way: Collaborating and Sharing the Internet. (Addison-Wesley, 2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Ebersbach, Anja et al. Wiki: Web Collaboration. (Springer, 2005)‏ </li></ul>
  21. 21. Wiki Glossary <ul><li>Wiki Farm – website that hosts wikis, so you don’t have to download, install or host anything on your own server, or worry about the programming end of creating a wiki. </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki Gnome – anonymous poster who bats cleanup, tirelessly making minor edits. </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki Squatting – using a wiki as free personal webspace </li></ul>
  22. 22. Wiki Glossary, cont. <ul><li>Wiki Tags – elements that add formatting, such as bold, italics, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedian – avid contributor to Wikipedia, a free online encyclopedia, created and maintained by its users. </li></ul><ul><li>Sandbox – wiki page for testing and playing </li></ul><ul><li>Orphan page – abandoned page, often with no links </li></ul><ul><li>  Walled Garden – a series of Wiki pages that link only to one another </li></ul>
  23. 23. MA Summer Reading Wiki <ul><li>Artwork, Booklists, Resources for the MA SRP </li></ul><ul><li>http:// masummerreading .pbwiki.com </li></ul>
  24. 24. Basic Wiki Tags <ul><li>* = bullet </li></ul><ul><li>! = headline </li></ul><ul><li>** = bold </li></ul><ul><li>'' = italic </li></ul><ul><li>| = box </li></ul><ul><li>NewPage = new page (two or more words strung together with no spaces and capital first letters creates a new page and a link to that page </li></ul><ul><li>[url|link] to create a web hyperlink </li></ul>