Prison Planning, Design, Construction,
Maintenance 2013.
Hilton on the Park,
Melbourne.
9-10th December, 2013.
Topic:
A Snapshot of CSNSW

Plus
The Impact of Correctional facility
Closures and Openings on the
Community.
Chairman of the recent Select Committee
on the Closure or Downsizing of
Corrective Services NSW Facilities
Hon. Paul Green...
NSW Imprisonment rate per 100,000
adult population 1896 – 2013
400

350

300

250

200

150

100

50

2012

2008

2004

20...
1896
1900
1904
1908
1912
1916
1920
1924
1928
1932
1936
1940
1944
1948
1952
1956
1960
1964
1968
1972
1976
1980
1984
1988
19...
1800’s-1900’s
‘Life for men and women was stark and brutal. The lawlessness of the
New Colony cried out for transformation...
1900’s-2000’s
When the State Penitentiary at Long Bay opened
on 1 June 1914 it became the epicentre of
an extensive gaol s...
South Coast Correctional Centre
2013

The 21st Century
Corrections has come a long way from the brutality and executions o...
Things have changed now in 2013 Corrective Services
Industries (CSI) provides real work & rehab opportunities
• In NSW 201...
Terms of
Reference for
Select
Committee
Terms of reference for committee:
That a select committee be appointed to inquire into and
report on the closure or downsi...
Terms of reference for committee:
•

To Investigate all consultation that was undertaken prior to the
decision with stakeh...
•

Look at the long-term plans of each closed facility
including maintenance and/or management
arrangements,

•

Look at t...
Select Committee on the Closure or
Downsizing of Corrective Services NSW
Facilities
What the Select Committee set out to d...
Chair’s foreword in Final Report (Summary)
•

We found there was significant community unrest and
anger in response to the...
Chair’s foreword in Final Report (Summary)
The decision to downsize the Grafton Correctional
Centre cut the number of staf...
Chair’s foreword in Final Report Cont’d
The closures of Berrima, Kirkconnell and Parramatta gaols
resulted in a ‘perfect s...
Chair’s foreword in Final Report (Summary)
The Committees Findings:
Apparently there 3 main considerations to downsize or ...
Chair’s foreword in Final Report (Summary)
The Committees Findings:
The Committee considers that the process to close or
d...
Chair’s foreword in Final Report (Summary)
The Committees Findings:
Many individuals shared their personal stories with th...
Summary of recommendations
Recommendation 1 page 28
That Corrective Services NSW undertake comprehensive rural
communities...
Summary of recommendations
Recommendation page 2

That Corrective Services NSW consult
with NSW Trade and Investment in
re...
Summary of recommendations
Recommendation 3 page 45
That Corrective Services NSW develop a strategy to provide
support to ...
Summary of recommendations
Recommendation 4 page 51

That Corrective Services NSW develop a
policy document and supporting...
Summary of recommendations
Recommendation 5 page 53

That, where possible, Corrective Services NSW
facilitate the continue...
Summary of recommendations
Recommendation 6 page 56
That the NSW Government co-ordinate and facilitate the
development of ...
Summary of recommendations
Recommendation 7 page 56
That the NSW Government commit a proportion
of savings achieved in the...
Summary of recommendations
Recommendation 8 page 62

That the State Property Authority consults widely in
the formulation ...
Summary of recommendations
Recommendation 9 page 62
That, should there be a need to build new correctional
centres in the ...
Understanding the local Impacts…
South Coast Correctional Centre
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

The South Coast Correctional Centr...
Economic History & Performance
SHOALHAVEN - MAJOR GOVERNMENT CAPITAL PROJECTS
$90,000,000
$80,000,000
$70,000,000
$60,000,...
Graph on Slide 30
SHOALHAVEN - MAJOR GOVERNMENT
CAPITAL PROJECTS

•

•

•

This shows the amount of quarterly spend on maj...
Economic History & Performance
Shoalhaven Employment & Unemployment
(in June)
40000

35000

30000

25000

20000

15000

10...
Graph info Slide 32
The blue line you can see the growth in employment in
Shoalhaven and by contrast the relatively static...
Shoalhaven’s Local Economic Impact
• So overall has Shoalhaven has been successful in
Regional Economic Development

• Cou...
Cessnock Correctional Centre - Maximum
Security Wing
Cessnock Correctional Centre - Maximum Security Wing
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
...
Media Release
Gaining back some
of the loss of business
confidence, picking up
on loss of local spending by
reduced CS sta...
Media Release
Jobs replacements
In Clarence River area
Compensating for
downsizing of
Grafton
Gaol
Media Release
Media Release
Conclusion:

The Challenge of Correctional Environment
• Since the arrival of the convicts, the correctional
environment h...
Programs
• Group programs designed to contribute to the goal to
reduce the rate of re-offending by 5% by 2021 are describe...
Community work
• CSNSW Community Work provides community based
employment for both eligible minimum security inmates,
and ...
The Adult Education and Training Institute (AEVTI) is licensed by TAFE
NSW to deliver qualifications from the Access Emplo...
References for this Presentation
http://www.abc.net.au/4corners/content/2005/20050711_supermax/prison-chronology.htm
Corre...
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The Hon. Paul Green MLC NSW Facilities - The impact of correctional facility closures and openings on the Community

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The Hon. Paul Green MLC, Chair of the Select Committee on the Closure or Downsizing of Corrective Services NSW Facilities delivered this presentation at the 5th Prison Planning, Design, Construction and Maintenance conference. This conference follows the production of existing, developing and future correctional facilities across Australia.

For more information, go to http://www.informa.com.au/prisonplanning2013

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The Hon. Paul Green MLC NSW Facilities - The impact of correctional facility closures and openings on the Community

  1. 1. Prison Planning, Design, Construction, Maintenance 2013. Hilton on the Park, Melbourne. 9-10th December, 2013.
  2. 2. Topic: A Snapshot of CSNSW Plus The Impact of Correctional facility Closures and Openings on the Community.
  3. 3. Chairman of the recent Select Committee on the Closure or Downsizing of Corrective Services NSW Facilities Hon. Paul Green MLC
  4. 4. NSW Imprisonment rate per 100,000 adult population 1896 – 2013 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 2012 2008 2004 2000 1996 1992 1988 1984 1980 1976 1972 1968 1964 1960 1956 1952 1948 1944 1940 1936 1932 1928 1924 1920 1916 1912 1908 1904 1900 1896 0 Operational Capacity CSNSW is 10,562 inmates. Current utilization is at 89.8%. Buffer needed 5%.
  5. 5. 1896 1900 1904 1908 1912 1916 1920 1924 1928 1932 1936 1940 1944 1948 1952 1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 NSW Daily Average Prison Population 1896 – 2013 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0
  6. 6. 1800’s-1900’s ‘Life for men and women was stark and brutal. The lawlessness of the New Colony cried out for transformation and so the history of Corrective Services was born in 1796 with the opening of two gaols at Sydney and Parramatta’
  7. 7. 1900’s-2000’s When the State Penitentiary at Long Bay opened on 1 June 1914 it became the epicentre of an extensive gaol system including Goulburn, Bathurst, Maitland and Parramatta
  8. 8. South Coast Correctional Centre 2013 The 21st Century Corrections has come a long way from the brutality and executions of the convict era. The focus of modern corrections is to educate and rehabilitate through programs, practical skills development and community inclusiveness.
  9. 9. Things have changed now in 2013 Corrective Services Industries (CSI) provides real work & rehab opportunities • In NSW 2012/13 have 33 operational correctional centres of which two are private. • From 1995/96 (6287) in 2009/10 (10,352). Increase of 65%. • In NSW 2012/13 approximately 72.4% of the eligible inmate population was employed; and • CSI operated 98 commercial business units and 62 service industries in 26 correctional centres, including: Textiles, Print, Construction, Warehousing, Food Services, Furniture Making, Engineering • In 2012/13, 16,398 offenders participated in at least one rehabilitation program addressing criminogenic needs, an overall increase of 7.5 % compared with 2011/12 • CSNSW recognises that community work can contribute to the self esteem, well being and sense of purpose and direction of inmates and offenders. • Group programs designed to contribute to the goal to reduce the rate of reoffending by 5% by 2021 are described in the Compendium of Correctional Programs in NSW.
  10. 10. Terms of Reference for Select Committee
  11. 11. Terms of reference for committee: That a select committee be appointed to inquire into and report on the closure or downsizing of Corrective Services NSW facilities and in particular: • the basis for the decision to close or downsize any facility including the documents and other records that were considered by the Minister, such as any economic or financial analysis, • each Rural Impact Statement completed before the decision to close or downsize any rural or regional facility,
  12. 12. Terms of reference for committee: • To Investigate all consultation that was undertaken prior to the decision with stakeholders, including local government, chambers of commerce, industrial bodies, prisoner welfare groups and staff, • To look at the costs associated with the closure or downsizing of each facility and the relocation of the Prisoner population to other locations, • The impact on staff and their families, and on families Indigenous inmates, of any closure or downsizing,
  13. 13. • Look at the long-term plans of each closed facility including maintenance and/or management arrangements, • Look at the management of any heritage values for each of the closed facilities, • the process used to identify any public sector employment opportunities that could be re-located to rural and regional communities to replace job losses due to the closure or down-sizing of a Corrective Services NSW facility, and • any other related matters.
  14. 14. Select Committee on the Closure or Downsizing of Corrective Services NSW Facilities What the Select Committee set out to do: • • • • • • • • • • Advertise for submissions Resolve who will appear at hearings, then organise hearings Sydney hearings and Regional hearings Looked at Social impacts Looked at Economic impacts Important not to pre-empt Inquiry Outcomes We Listened to witnesses Aimed for Better outcomes for process and procedures Heard of the Downsizing impacts on staff, families, inmates Questioned what considerations and consultations undertaken
  15. 15. Chair’s foreword in Final Report (Summary) • We found there was significant community unrest and anger in response to the decision to downsize the Grafton Correctional Centre. (243 inmates down to 64) • The vast majority of evidence received by the Committee related to the decision to downsize the Grafton Correctional Centre. • Minimal evidence was received in respect of the impact of the closures of Berrima and Kirkconnell correctional centres.
  16. 16. Chair’s foreword in Final Report (Summary) The decision to downsize the Grafton Correctional Centre cut the number of staff at the prison from 114 to 38. Thirty-four staff relocated and 42 staff accepted voluntary redundancy. The impact of this downsize was immense on both staff, inmates and the Grafton community. Many community members told the Committee how their employment and businesses relied on the viability of the local economy to which the prison significantly contributed.
  17. 17. Chair’s foreword in Final Report Cont’d The closures of Berrima, Kirkconnell and Parramatta gaols resulted in a ‘perfect storm’ for some staff, particularly those who, having accepted a transfer to Grafton Correctional Centre, sold their homes and moved their families to the Grafton area only to be told months later that their jobs no longer existed. The Committee is concerned at the treatment of these affected staff.
  18. 18. Chair’s foreword in Final Report (Summary) The Committees Findings: Apparently there 3 main considerations to downsize or close Centres: 1. Inmate population 2. Operational Capacity 3. Costs to Government The Committee understood and accepted the rationale to downsize Grafton Correction Centre – the antiquated facilities are clearly not ‘best practice’ and in a climate of falling inmate numbers it makes sense to close the older correctional facilities (Old Buildings, hazard materials, not conducive to rehab, Higher maintenance Cost and finally the need for higher staff ratios, eg Grafton Gaol (opened 1893) inmate cost per day $173 to New Facility like Cessnock of $98). The challenge of renovating, retro fitting, a heritage building. However, Corrective Services should have been aware of the impact this downsizing would have on the town of Grafton, and the Government should have had a proactive jobs growth strategy in place in response.
  19. 19. Chair’s foreword in Final Report (Summary) The Committees Findings: The Committee considers that the process to close or downsize a corrections facility could be significantly improved, and has made a number of recommendations to this effect. Rural impact statements should be done and presented to Cabinet prior to a decision to close or downsize a rural or regional Corrective Services facility. The Committee recommends that the NSW Government coordinate and facilitate the development of economic growth strategies in regional areas where a correctional centre is to be closed or downsized.
  20. 20. Chair’s foreword in Final Report (Summary) The Committees Findings: Many individuals shared their personal stories with the Committee. A lot of those individuals who shared their feelings of displacement, fear and anxiety about what their futures held. I would also like to acknowledge the cooperative response of Commissioner Severin and CSNSW team to the inquiry. The Hon Paul Green MLC
  21. 21. Summary of recommendations Recommendation 1 page 28 That Corrective Services NSW undertake comprehensive rural communities impact statements as part of proposals to close or downsize correctional centres located in rural and regional NSW. These rural communities impact statements should: (a) include information about the projected social and economic impacts of the decision on local communities, including short, mid and long term impacts; and (b) be submitted to Cabinet to assist in their consideration of proposals to downsize or close correctional facilities.
  22. 22. Summary of recommendations Recommendation page 2 That Corrective Services NSW consult with NSW Trade and Investment in relation to any proposals to close or downsize correctional centres.
  23. 23. Summary of recommendations Recommendation 3 page 45 That Corrective Services NSW develop a strategy to provide support to indigenous inmates and their families who have been relocated to a facility that is further away from their families and/or Country as a result of the closing or downsizing of a correctional centre. The strategy should include mechanisms by which families can be provided support to increase their ability to visit inmates, as well as additional alternate methods to facilitate increased contact between inmates and their families.
  24. 24. Summary of recommendations Recommendation 4 page 51 That Corrective Services NSW develop a policy document and supporting procedures to be followed when downsizing or closing correctional facilities. (Particularly I believe as part of their 2030 blueprint plan).
  25. 25. Summary of recommendations Recommendation 5 page 53 That, where possible, Corrective Services NSW facilitate the continued presence of offenders helping in communities where correctional facilities have been closed or downsized.
  26. 26. Summary of recommendations Recommendation 6 page 56 That the NSW Government co-ordinate and facilitate the development of economic growth strategies in rural and regional areas where a correctional centre is to be closed or downsized. The Government should engage with local communities and key stakeholders, including local government.
  27. 27. Summary of recommendations Recommendation 7 page 56 That the NSW Government commit a proportion of savings achieved in the closure or downsizing of correctional facilities to justice reinvestment programs. That, as part of its job creation strategy for the Clarence Valley, the NSW Government consider committing funds to justice reinvestment programs to be based in Grafton.
  28. 28. Summary of recommendations Recommendation 8 page 62 That the State Property Authority consults widely in the formulation of management plans and options for adaptive re-use of former heritage Corrective Services properties, and expedites their adaptive reuse as soon as possible.
  29. 29. Summary of recommendations Recommendation 9 page 62 That, should there be a need to build new correctional centres in the north of the State to accommodate the inmate population, Corrective Services NSW give consideration to planning a new facility in the Clarence Valley region. The new facility should complement the existing minimum security section of the Grafton facility.
  30. 30. Understanding the local Impacts… South Coast Correctional Centre • • • • • • • • • • • The South Coast Correctional Centre, located five kilometres from the Nowra CBD, was officially opened in November 2010. The $155 million facility has the capacity to accommodate up to 600 inmates. It is a ‘multi-classification’ centre with a combination of minimum, medium and maximum security inmates. The construction project provided significant economic benefits to the South Coast during the construction phase, and will provide further long-term benefits through the employment of correctional staff and the necessary support infrastructure. More than 2,000 workers were on the construction site, with a daily average of 300 workers employed on the site during the construction phase. Nearly half of those workers came from the South Coast region and over 10% of the daily workforce came from the local Aboriginal community, including 19 Aboriginal apprentices. During the construction phase, contracts worth over $27 million were awarded to local businesses, employing local people. This included the supply of concrete and road base as well as excavation and electrical services. Through employment at the centre is it estimated to bring around $10 million per year into the local economy. A Community Consultative Committee was established in 2008 comprising representatives from the local community and local agencies. The Committee represents the community’s interests and builds partnerships between local stakeholders and the correctional centre. Opening around 16000 people walked through Bravehearts lock someone up for a cause $5000 for School programs Self Protection Environmental management Crookhaven Lighthouse and Graffiti management Correctional Radio and TV promoting health issues such as spread of Hep C. Benefits of New Centre Better Security, Better Electronic Surveillance, Less Maintenance Cost, Lower Staff/inmate ratio needed, Better amenities for staff and inmates, more conducive to rehab, Better use of lighting and space and sight lines in building design.
  31. 31. Economic History & Performance SHOALHAVEN - MAJOR GOVERNMENT CAPITAL PROJECTS $90,000,000 $80,000,000 $70,000,000 $60,000,000 $50,000,000 $40,000,000 $30,000,000 $20,000,000 $10,000,000 Shoalhaven CAPEX by Quarter Defence ROADS 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 $0 Poly. (Shoalhaven CAPEX by Quarter)
  32. 32. Graph on Slide 30 SHOALHAVEN - MAJOR GOVERNMENT CAPITAL PROJECTS • • • This shows the amount of quarterly spend on major capital projects by NSW & Federal government in the Shoalhaven. $90,000,000 As the CapEx by Defence and on Roads dominate the series they have been itemised separately. But projects like the gaol, electricity upgrades, are also represented. $60,000,000 This KPI is quite a good predictive one. The trough in late 2011 was seen to be approaching in late 2009. This “Trough” hits on retail, tourism accommodation, cheap flights, sub-contractors, services. $30,000,000 As can be seen, major CapEx is occurring now and will continue until about 2018 however start dates are unreliable more than 2-3 years out $80,000,000 $70,000,000 $50,000,000 $40,000,000 $20,000,000 $10,000,000 $0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 • Shoalhaven CAPEX by Quarter Defence ROADS Poly. (Shoalhaven CAPEX by Quarter)
  33. 33. Economic History & Performance Shoalhaven Employment & Unemployment (in June) 40000 35000 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 • Unemployment – 1991 2,787 – 2001 2,022 – 2011 3,583 • Employment – 1991 23,596 – 2001 30,198 – 2011 34,146 • Population – 1991 68,236 – 2001 87,650 – 2011 96,742
  34. 34. Graph info Slide 32 The blue line you can see the growth in employment in Shoalhaven and by contrast the relatively static levels of unemployment Shoalhaven Employment & Unemployment (in June) 40000 On the right you will see some of the major infrastructure projects which have been undertaken in the Shoalhaven area over the last decade or so has increased Jobs growth. 35000 30000 25000 20000 This capital investment has stimulated much confidence in the local economy and as can be seen by the diagram on the left the increase in jobs in recent times has been quite significant and indications are that it will continue in the short to medium term 15000 10000 5000 0
  35. 35. Shoalhaven’s Local Economic Impact • So overall has Shoalhaven has been successful in Regional Economic Development • Council believed it has, but it cannot be complacent. The dip in mid 2013 employment is of concern and the Sept 2013 figures are awaited to see if it continues or begins to correct itself.
  36. 36. Cessnock Correctional Centre - Maximum Security Wing Cessnock Correctional Centre - Maximum Security Wing • • • • • • • • • Approval for 250 bed extension at Cessnock Correctional Centre granted in February 2010. Strict conditions were imposed with the consent to ensure minimal impact of the facility on the environment and the local area. The main tender was awarded to John Holland Pty Ltd and construction work commenced in April 2010. The facility was built within the $97 million budget allocated for its design, construction and fit-out. The new wing blends well with the main gaol’s newly-constructed industrial complex built by the Cessnock Project Overseers and Cessnock inmates. More than 1,500 people have injected 500,000 hours into this construction which was project managed by NSW Public Works. During the construction 16% of the workforce was Indigenous. The construction phase saw real employment opportunities in the local community for indigenous and non-indigenous people including 15 young men who were given apprenticeships in various building and construction trades. The project used: – – – – – more than 10,000 cubic metres of concrete, enough to fill four Olympic-sized pools; 6,000 square metres of asphalt and more than 1,500 fence panels; the electrical cabling could stretch from Sydney to Queensland’s Sunshine Coast; enough turf to cover the equivalent of five football fields; and more than 37,000 native plants will provide some greenery to the new space.
  37. 37. Media Release Gaining back some of the loss of business confidence, picking up on loss of local spending by reduced CS staff and loss of some of the services to the local jobs from the centre which ripples out to effect others in the community. Teaching, Health, professional spouses whom Moved with their spouse, partners and families.
  38. 38. Media Release Jobs replacements In Clarence River area Compensating for downsizing of Grafton Gaol
  39. 39. Media Release
  40. 40. Media Release
  41. 41. Conclusion: The Challenge of Correctional Environment • Since the arrival of the convicts, the correctional environment has continually presented new and ever-evolving challenges. The recurring theme in the history of corrections in New South Wales is one of concern being raised, formal reviews and inquiries being held, and recommendations being made, always with the goal of providing a system of corrections that meets the demands and expectations of the government and community of the day.
  42. 42. Programs • Group programs designed to contribute to the goal to reduce the rate of re-offending by 5% by 2021 are described in the Compendium of Correctional Programs in NSW. • A range of services also contribute to this goal and include psychological services, the State-wide Disability Service, and the Personality and Behavioural Disorders Unit • In 2012/13, 16,398 offenders participated in at least one rehabilitation program addressing criminogenic needs, an overall increase of 7.5 % compared with 2011/12
  43. 43. Community work • CSNSW Community Work provides community based employment for both eligible minimum security inmates, and offenders serving community based orders under the supervision of CSNSW staff. • This work can include outdoor work such as mowing, weeding, painting and indoor work for charities such as sorting and arranging goods. Work of this kind provides opportunities for rehabilitation and re-connection with the community. CSNSW recognises that community work can contribute to the self esteem, well being and sense of purpose and direction of inmates and offenders.
  44. 44. The Adult Education and Training Institute (AEVTI) is licensed by TAFE NSW to deliver qualifications from the Access Employment Education and Training Framework. • • • • • AEVTI provides basic and general education programs. These include; Basic literacy and numeracy Vocational training and general education Traineeships Distance education – where an offender is enrolled in a course with an external education institution • In 2012/13, AEVTI provided a service to 8909 inmates; and • 7,788 individuals enrolled in one or more education and/or vocational training course as part of their case management plan.
  45. 45. References for this Presentation http://www.abc.net.au/4corners/content/2005/20050711_supermax/prison-chronology.htm Corrective Services NSW website http://www.correctiveservices.nsw.gov.au/ Ramsland, J (1996) With Just but Relentless Discipline – A Social History of Corrective Services in New South Wales. Kenthurst, NSW: Kangaroo Press Ruden, Olaf (1953) Sunday Herald – articles re-printed with the permission of the publishers at the State Penitentiary, Long Bay. Copy provided by Corrective Services NSW Museum. CSNSW contributions to Department of Attorney General and Justice 2012/13 Annual Report – available at http://dcs-intranet.online.dcs.nsw.gov.au/reports-and-publications/annual-report/csnswcontributions-to-dagj-201213-annual-report Corrections Research Education and Statistics Unit, CSNSW.

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