The	
  system	
  describes	
  in	
  a	
  general	
  sense	
  the	
  patented	
  design	
  of	
  a	
  warning	
  system	
  ...
nfainnovations	
  
“A	
  safe	
  land	
  transport	
  system	
  that	
  meets	
  mobility,	
  social	
  and	
  economic	
 ...
Rail	
  Level	
  
Crossings	
  remain	
  
a	
  high-­‐risk	
  
interface	
  between	
  
rail	
  and	
  other	
  
modes	
  ...
nfainnovations	
  
Fatal	
  accidents	
  at	
  level	
  crossings	
  are	
  caused	
  most	
  frequently	
  
by	
  inadver...
The	
  challenge	
  has	
  
been	
  to	
  
understand	
  why	
  
motorists	
  do	
  not	
  
give	
  way	
  to	
  trains
.....
Root causes
– Ina$en&onal	
  Blindness	
  –	
  whereby	
  absence	
  of	
  aAen;on	
  leads	
  to	
  a	
  
failure	
  to	...
If	
  driver	
  error	
  is	
  the	
  cause	
  of	
  these	
  accidents,	
  then	
  any	
  
solu;on	
  must	
  specifically...
Why audible warning?
– A	
  vocal	
  warning	
  in	
  addi;on	
  to	
  a	
  visual	
  warning	
  =	
  6x	
  more	
  likel...
RBI over-rides radio
to deliver messages
nfainnovations	
  
Volume	
  level	
  is	
  
controlled	
  75	
  dB(A)	
  
also	
...
nfainnovations	
  
No other visual
distractions
Focus diagrams
nfainnovations	
  
nfainnovations	
  
Holistic Emergency Warning
System
nfainnovations	
  
nfainnovations	
  
Pedestrian	
  Safety	
  
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Pat Latter - NFA Innovations - Case study: Pixie ‘Radio Break-in technology’ level crossing safety

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Pat Latter, Executive Director, NFA Innovations delivered this presentation at the Rail Safety Conference 2014. Rail Safety 2014 brought together the key national decision-makers to deliver new ideas and develop innovative ways to leverage technology for safer outcomes.

For more information, please visit http://www.railsafetyconference.com.au/rs14

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Pat Latter - NFA Innovations - Case study: Pixie ‘Radio Break-in technology’ level crossing safety

  1. 1. The  system  describes  in  a  general  sense  the  patented  design  of  a  warning  system  that  is  owned  by  NFA  Innova;ons  Pty.  Ltd.  and  is  subject  maAer  of     Interna;onal  patent  WO2008019424  and  EP2054866  ,  Australian  Patent  Au2006203590  ,  US  Patent  applica;on  12/310117,  Canadian  patent  applica;on  2660965,   European  patent  applica;on  07784749.9,  PCT/AU2010/000826,  provisional  patents  2012903620;  2009201730  and  20088202112,  and  the  copyright  of  NFA  Pty  Ltd.   No  reproduc;on  is  allowed  without  the  express  permission  of  the  Patent  Owner  NFA  Pty  Ltd.   Level Crossing Safety - Complex Issues, one Clear Solution.
  2. 2. nfainnovations   “A  safe  land  transport  system  that  meets  mobility,  social  and  economic  objec;ves  with  maximum  safety  for  its  users”   Goals
  3. 3. Rail  Level   Crossings  remain   a  high-­‐risk   interface  between   rail  and  other   modes  of  surface   transport ..may  not  be  tomorrow   nfainnovations  
  4. 4. nfainnovations   Fatal  accidents  at  level  crossings  are  caused  most  frequently   by  inadvertent  driver  error  (ATSB,  2002).  
  5. 5. The  challenge  has   been  to   understand  why   motorists  do  not   give  way  to  trains ..may  not  be  tomorrow   nfainnovations  
  6. 6. Root causes – Ina$en&onal  Blindness  –  whereby  absence  of  aAen;on  leads  to  a   failure  to  perceive  an  object  that  is  in  plain  sight   – Expecta&on  –  it  is  well  known  that  expecta;on  guides  our  behaviour,   some;mes  more  strongly  that  environmental  s;muli   – Perceptual  Limita&ons  –  whilst  we  as  humans  gather  the  majority  of   our  informa;on  through  visual  percep;on,  our  vision  systems  are   subject  to  interference  from  common  environmental  factors  such  as   sun  glare.     – Speed  and  Distance  Percep&on  –     nfainnovations  
  7. 7. If  driver  error  is  the  cause  of  these  accidents,  then  any   solu;on  must  specifically  target  these  issues   nfainnovations  
  8. 8. Why audible warning? – A  vocal  warning  in  addi;on  to  a  visual  warning  =  6x  more  likely  to   result  in  compliance  than  a  visual  warning  alone  (Wogalter,  Rashid,  Clarke,  &  Kalsher,  1991;  Wogalter  &  Young,   1991).  Wogalter,  et  al.  (1991)   nfainnovations  
  9. 9. RBI over-rides radio to deliver messages nfainnovations   Volume  level  is   controlled  75  dB(A)   also  over-­‐rides   CD/MP3/Bluetooth  etc   Radio  Break-­‐in   s;ll  works  when  radio  is  off  
  10. 10. nfainnovations   No other visual distractions
  11. 11. Focus diagrams nfainnovations  
  12. 12. nfainnovations  
  13. 13. Holistic Emergency Warning System nfainnovations  
  14. 14. nfainnovations   Pedestrian  Safety  

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