The Role of Drugs in the
Development of Young
People
Young People at Risk Forum
June 2014
.
Today’s Focus
• Why young people use drugs
• What are the risks
• What drugs are young people taking
• The Costs
• Alcohol...
What is a drug?
A drug is a substance, other than food, which is
taken to change the way the body and/or mind
function.
Australia – a drug taking society
• Alcohol
• Tobacco
• Pharmaceuticals
• Illicit
• New Psychoactive Substances
• PIED’s –...
Problems
Stress
Boredom
Relaxation
Curiosity
Good time
Performance enhancement
Weight management
Why do people use drugs
Types of drug use
Therapeutic use
Experimental use
Recreational use
Situational use
Intensive use or
'bingeing'
Dependent ...
Photo by illuminaut - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License http://www.flickr.com/photos/21611336@...
%
Proportion of 16-17 year old current drinkers and the proportion drinking
more than four drinks on a single occasion in ...
Illicit Drug Use
• Increasing use:
– Amphetamines/methamphetamines
– Cocaine
• Decreasing use
– cannabis
– ecstasy
Criminal Black Market
• 1 gram Heroin in Kabul $2
• 1 gram Heroin in Western Europe $300
• Street price set mainly by risk...
Performance enhancing drugs
Growth hormones
Peptides
Steroids
Acne
Hair loss
Depression
High blood pressure
Liver heart pr...
New Psychoactive Substances
Pharmaceuticals
Non-medical use
of prescription
drugs
Cost in Community
Deaths per year Economic Cost per Year
Tobacco 19,000 $32 billion
Alcohol 3,200 $15 billion
Illicit 1,02...
UNDER 25
Studies show that those who drink
regularly may be more at risk of
learning and memory issues and
even suffer fro...
Trends in consumption of Alcohol
PER CAPITA ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION HAS FALLEN BELOW 1970'S LEVELS
Adult per capita alcohol co...
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
...
Alcohol implicated in:
• 73% assaults
• 77% street offences
• 40% domestic violence
• 60% of all Police call outs
• 90% la...
329%
191%
133%
EMERGENCY PRESENTATIONS
HOSPITALISATIONS
INTOXICATION 2000-2010
AMBULANCE ATTENDANCES
INCREASED BY
14,851
86%
27% (Melbourne/metro)
42% (regional)
TRANSPORTED TO HOSPITAL
2012/13 VICTORIAN AMBULANCE ATTENDANCES
ALCOHOL RE...
Effectiveness of Alcohol StrategiesSource: Adapted from Babor et al (2003)
Strategy Effectiveness Cost
Regulate pricing $
...
Disconnection
Unemployment
Lack of a future
Abusive relationships
Mental Health
Trauma
Peer use
Availability
RISK FACTORS
Photo by Hammonton Photography - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License http://www.flickr.com/photos/25880282@...
Parental AOD misuse
yelling more often,
being inattentive,
being more self-focused,
using reactive or authoritarian
parent...
Informal relationships - with
extended family members,
neighbours, friends and
friends' families - were very
important
Our Good Sports Evidence
Metropolitan Football Survey (2000)
Culture
“The way we do things around here!”
Messages sent by:
1. Behaviour, eg. what is done and said
2. Symbols, eg. wher...
Changing the culture – Good Sports
1. Behaviour – not serving U/18, drunks etc.,
leaders (coaches too!) role model require...
Thurgoona Football/Netball Club
Prior to 2006
– Alcohol fuelled violence & foul language
– Frequent alcohol licensing irre...
Thurgoona Football/Netball Club
Key Changes
1. ‘Community and Family Orientated’ focus
2. Priorities
– Increasing membersh...
Thurgoona Football/Netball Club
Key Outcomes
1. 100% increase in revenue (now $155,000)
– Alcohol sales 12% (previously 58...
“But wouldn’t Symonds be right to be just a little
confused at this moral outrage from an
organisation (Cricket Australia)...
RL Approach
“Wherever you go in RL – from an under 6
match to a corporate function - you will
get consistent messages arou...
“Our most alarming statistic is that in 2009, we
lost more people in alcohol-related incidents
than to war. In my view the...
Extra strength sticky labels
Preferred label
BE INFORMED
www.theothertalk.org.au
Support
• Directline 1 800 888 236
• Counselling online www.counsellingonline.org.au
• Druginfo 1 300 858 584
druginfo@adf...
We advocate for change.
Change that promotes
healthy people, strong
communities.
Find information on drugs and
alcohol at ...
John Rogerson - Australian Drug Foundation - What’s the role of drugs and alcohol on the development of young people?
John Rogerson - Australian Drug Foundation - What’s the role of drugs and alcohol on the development of young people?
John Rogerson - Australian Drug Foundation - What’s the role of drugs and alcohol on the development of young people?
John Rogerson - Australian Drug Foundation - What’s the role of drugs and alcohol on the development of young people?
John Rogerson - Australian Drug Foundation - What’s the role of drugs and alcohol on the development of young people?
John Rogerson - Australian Drug Foundation - What’s the role of drugs and alcohol on the development of young people?
John Rogerson - Australian Drug Foundation - What’s the role of drugs and alcohol on the development of young people?
John Rogerson - Australian Drug Foundation - What’s the role of drugs and alcohol on the development of young people?
John Rogerson - Australian Drug Foundation - What’s the role of drugs and alcohol on the development of young people?
John Rogerson - Australian Drug Foundation - What’s the role of drugs and alcohol on the development of young people?
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

John Rogerson - Australian Drug Foundation - What’s the role of drugs and alcohol on the development of young people?

1,076 views

Published on

John Rogerson delivered the presentation at the 2014 Young People at Risk Forum.

The 2014 Young People at Risk Forum reviewed the challenges and solutions surrounding intervention programs around topics such as suicide prevention, substance abuse, mental health, education, employment and housing. Additionally, the forum focused on culturally competent care and care within Aboriginal communities.

For more information about the event, please visit: http://www.informa.com.au/yprisk14

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,076
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
7
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
17
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

John Rogerson - Australian Drug Foundation - What’s the role of drugs and alcohol on the development of young people?

  1. 1. The Role of Drugs in the Development of Young People Young People at Risk Forum June 2014 .
  2. 2. Today’s Focus • Why young people use drugs • What are the risks • What drugs are young people taking • The Costs • Alcohol • Risk and Protective factors • Changing our culture
  3. 3. What is a drug? A drug is a substance, other than food, which is taken to change the way the body and/or mind function.
  4. 4. Australia – a drug taking society • Alcohol • Tobacco • Pharmaceuticals • Illicit • New Psychoactive Substances • PIED’s – Performance and Image Enhancing Drugs
  5. 5. Problems Stress Boredom Relaxation Curiosity Good time Performance enhancement Weight management Why do people use drugs
  6. 6. Types of drug use Therapeutic use Experimental use Recreational use Situational use Intensive use or 'bingeing' Dependent use
  7. 7. Photo by illuminaut - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License http://www.flickr.com/photos/21611336@N00 Created with Haiku Deck Physical injuries Road injury Suicide Assault Drowning
  8. 8. % Proportion of 16-17 year old current drinkers and the proportion drinking more than four drinks on a single occasion in the past seven days, 1984-2011 2011 ASSAD Survey
  9. 9. Illicit Drug Use • Increasing use: – Amphetamines/methamphetamines – Cocaine • Decreasing use – cannabis – ecstasy
  10. 10. Criminal Black Market • 1 gram Heroin in Kabul $2 • 1 gram Heroin in Western Europe $300 • Street price set mainly by risk of getting drugs into countries - “price of risk” • Est. world retail value $320 billion/year – Cocaine $70b – Heroin $60b • Farmer’s share $2b
  11. 11. Performance enhancing drugs Growth hormones Peptides Steroids Acne Hair loss Depression High blood pressure Liver heart problems Testicle and prostate issues
  12. 12. New Psychoactive Substances
  13. 13. Pharmaceuticals Non-medical use of prescription drugs
  14. 14. Cost in Community Deaths per year Economic Cost per Year Tobacco 19,000 $32 billion Alcohol 3,200 $15 billion Illicit 1,020 $8 billion
  15. 15. UNDER 25 Studies show that those who drink regularly may be more at risk of learning and memory issues and even suffer from long term effects. Effects of alcohol
  16. 16. Trends in consumption of Alcohol PER CAPITA ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION HAS FALLEN BELOW 1970'S LEVELS Adult per capita alcohol consumption over past 30 years (Population 15 yrs and older, alcohol consumption in litres of pure alcohol - Lals) 11.48 11.54 11.88 11.66 11.87 12.48 12.2 11.62 11.22 10.82 9.94 9.89 9.51 9.84 9.6 9.73 9.53 9.88 9.75 9.76 9.65 8 8.5 9 9.5 10 10.5 11 11.5 12 12.5 13 1973-74 1975-76 1977-78 1979-80 1981-82 1983-84 1985-86 1987-88 1988-90 1991-92 1993-94 1995-96 1997-98 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 Year Lalspercapita-15yearsold
  17. 17. 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Hotel licences On-premise licences Packagedlicences
  18. 18. Alcohol implicated in: • 73% assaults • 77% street offences • 40% domestic violence • 60% of all Police call outs • 90% late night call outs by Police • 34% of homicide offenders & 31% of their victims
  19. 19. 329% 191% 133% EMERGENCY PRESENTATIONS HOSPITALISATIONS INTOXICATION 2000-2010 AMBULANCE ATTENDANCES INCREASED BY
  20. 20. 14,851 86% 27% (Melbourne/metro) 42% (regional) TRANSPORTED TO HOSPITAL 2012/13 VICTORIAN AMBULANCE ATTENDANCES ALCOHOL RELATED INCREASES FROM THE PREVIOUS YEAR
  21. 21. Effectiveness of Alcohol StrategiesSource: Adapted from Babor et al (2003) Strategy Effectiveness Cost Regulate pricing $ Lower BAC limits for all drivers $$ Enforce liquor licensing laws $$$ Limit availability of alcohol $ Restrict hours of alcohol sales $ Limit no. of alcohol outlets $ Community mobilisation $$ Workplace interventions $$ Curb sport alcohol sponsorship $$$ Social marketing $$$
  22. 22. Disconnection Unemployment Lack of a future Abusive relationships Mental Health Trauma Peer use Availability RISK FACTORS
  23. 23. Photo by Hammonton Photography - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License http://www.flickr.com/photos/25880282@N04 Created with Haiku Deck Life experiences Peer group Effectiveness of family management
  24. 24. Parental AOD misuse yelling more often, being inattentive, being more self-focused, using reactive or authoritarian parenting, creating an atmosphere of secrecy and allowing children to take on a parenting type role.
  25. 25. Informal relationships - with extended family members, neighbours, friends and friends' families - were very important
  26. 26. Our Good Sports Evidence Metropolitan Football Survey (2000)
  27. 27. Culture “The way we do things around here!” Messages sent by: 1. Behaviour, eg. what is done and said 2. Symbols, eg. where time is spent, resources invested 3. Systems, eg. budgeting, people development process, performance management
  28. 28. Changing the culture – Good Sports 1. Behaviour – not serving U/18, drunks etc., leaders (coaches too!) role model required behaviour 2. Symbols – no cheap drink promotions, alcohol not the ‘centre’ of fundraisers, low & non alcohol products in bar 3. Systems – all servers RSA trained, comply with liquor licence conditions, safe transport strategy Integration, consistency and accountability
  29. 29. Thurgoona Football/Netball Club Prior to 2006 – Alcohol fuelled violence & foul language – Frequent alcohol licensing irregularities – Low club membership – 1 - 2 Drink Driving offences per season – Very poor local community image
  30. 30. Thurgoona Football/Netball Club Key Changes 1. ‘Community and Family Orientated’ focus 2. Priorities – Increasing membership – Increasing financial turnover – Attracting better skilled players 3. Introduced behaviour ‘Codes of Practice’ 4. Sponsored Responsible Service of Alcohol training (23) 5. Reduced liquor operating by two hours to 10pm
  31. 31. Thurgoona Football/Netball Club Key Outcomes 1. 100% increase in revenue (now $155,000) – Alcohol sales 12% (previously 58%) 2. 65% increase in sponsorship revenue 3. More teams 4. 500% increase in spectators (600 per match) 5. No drink driving offences 6. Police Command regard the club as a model club.
  32. 32. “But wouldn’t Symonds be right to be just a little confused at this moral outrage from an organisation (Cricket Australia) that shows such an enthusiasm for alcohol in its commercial arrangements, and a sport that cannot rid itself of its addiction?” Mike Atherton, ex Captain of England
  33. 33. RL Approach “Wherever you go in RL – from an under 6 match to a corporate function - you will get consistent messages around expected alcohol behaviours” Paul Heptonstall (ARL)
  34. 34. “Our most alarming statistic is that in 2009, we lost more people in alcohol-related incidents than to war. In my view they are not accidents, they are people-made incidents.” Chief of Army, LTGEN Ken Gillespie, 2010 http://images.defence.gov.au/12132567
  35. 35. Extra strength sticky labels
  36. 36. Preferred label
  37. 37. BE INFORMED www.theothertalk.org.au
  38. 38. Support • Directline 1 800 888 236 • Counselling online www.counsellingonline.org.au • Druginfo 1 300 858 584 druginfo@adf.org.au www.druginfo.adf.org.au • SMS text 0439 835 563 • Family Drug Support 1 300 660 068
  39. 39. We advocate for change. Change that promotes healthy people, strong communities. Find information on drugs and alcohol at druginfo.adf.org.au or call 1300 85 85 84.

×