The search for solutions
Brent Efford
Light Rail Transit Assn
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9Lower Hutt, station area c 1900
Upper Hutt, station area c 1890
10
Ngauranga
Thorndon
11
12
13
14
15
Kitson steam motor,
Christchurch
Kitson steam motor,
preserved at Ferrymead, 1968
16
17
Lambton Station, closed 1937
18
19
20
Proposed
passenger station
–
Kent/Cambridge
terraces
21
22
23
Settlement follows the trams – Kilbirnie 1908
24
Tram track construction, Cuba/Manners intersection, 1904
25
Original Hobart double-decker, 1893
Preserved Hobart trams, Glenorchy
Transport Museum, 2008
26
Maori Hill tram – 3’6” gauge, opened 1900
27
… while 1067 mm gauge still works, after
110 years, in Hong Kong.
Bilbao, Spain – new metre-gauge tramway
opened in 200...
28
29
30
31
32
33
After the match – 1959
34
“In fulfilling our obligations to the NRB, we, the Ministry of
Works, had accepted as inevitable the growth in motor
vehic...
…the car, a very convenient mode of transport is, at the
same time, very inefficient and it requires an inordinate
amount ...
“It was assumed that the availability of this utility, with 6
stations between Thorndon and the terminus, including 2
serv...
“One of the 1959/60 reasons for the railway extension preceding
Motorway construction related to land use. Much of the are...
“The location of the
Railway Station on
the northern edge of
the CBD is a major
deterrent to rail use
in comparison with
t...
“We consider it
extremely important
that the recommended
railway extensions into
the Wellington central
area be proceeded
...
“It is sometimes claimed that commuters PREFER to travel
by car. This will occasion no surprise in Wellington where a
high...
“Having collected passengers along three branch lines,
NZR dumps them out on the fringe of the CBD. Thence, they
have beco...
43
44
45
46
“… A visionary expansion of the
untidy existing system could see
light rail run on from the northern
line at the statio...
47
“The location of the Railway Station on the
northern edge of the CBD is a major deterrent
to rail use in comparison wit...
"The Wellington proposal to re-equip the Johnsonville line
with light rail vehicles and to connect through to the airport
...
49
50
51
“The overall study objective is to assess the feasibility and merits of a range of
longer-term options for providing a hig...
53
 Rail system is the PT “trunk” for 75% of the metro
population
 Carries 70% of the total PT passenger/km
 Covers 92% of...
55
Factoid: introducing through tram-train services
in Karlsruhe increased patronage by from 43% to
625%
AECOM Wellington Public Transport Spine Study
Option Evaluation Results -
13
Figure 5 Light Rail Transit option
3
3
2/10 –...
Prof Peter Newman, email 19/8/13
See also: http://sustainablecities.org.nz/2013/08/are-we-turning-the-corner-
on-global-su...
58
The Douglas – Cockburn RLR proposal, Track & Signal, Summer 2014
Find out more – get the free KiwiTram
newsletter – light rail and tram news from a
NZ perspective.
Email:
brent.efford@tec...
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Brent Efford - Light Rail Transit Association - Rail penetration of the Wellington CBD: the search for solutions

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Brent Efford delivered the presentation at the 2014 New Zealand Rail conference.

The 2014 New Zealand Rail conference explored issues that would help to secure the economic development of New Zealand. With a focus on new projects and balanced funding, this event discussed ways to ensure the seamless growth of the next 10 years.

For more information about the event, please visit: http://www.informa.com.au/nzrailconference14

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Brent Efford - Light Rail Transit Association - Rail penetration of the Wellington CBD: the search for solutions

  1. 1. The search for solutions Brent Efford Light Rail Transit Assn
  2. 2. 2
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. 9Lower Hutt, station area c 1900 Upper Hutt, station area c 1890
  10. 10. 10 Ngauranga Thorndon
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. 12
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. 15 Kitson steam motor, Christchurch Kitson steam motor, preserved at Ferrymead, 1968
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. 17 Lambton Station, closed 1937
  18. 18. 18
  19. 19. 19
  20. 20. 20 Proposed passenger station – Kent/Cambridge terraces
  21. 21. 21
  22. 22. 22
  23. 23. 23 Settlement follows the trams – Kilbirnie 1908
  24. 24. 24 Tram track construction, Cuba/Manners intersection, 1904
  25. 25. 25 Original Hobart double-decker, 1893 Preserved Hobart trams, Glenorchy Transport Museum, 2008
  26. 26. 26 Maori Hill tram – 3’6” gauge, opened 1900
  27. 27. 27 … while 1067 mm gauge still works, after 110 years, in Hong Kong. Bilbao, Spain – new metre-gauge tramway opened in 2002 with CAF trams…
  28. 28. 28
  29. 29. 29
  30. 30. 30
  31. 31. 31
  32. 32. 32
  33. 33. 33 After the match – 1959
  34. 34. 34
  35. 35. “In fulfilling our obligations to the NRB, we, the Ministry of Works, had accepted as inevitable the growth in motor vehicle numbers and the necessity to provide for them. At the same time we recognised a need to aim at a balance between public and private transport facilities … 35
  36. 36. …the car, a very convenient mode of transport is, at the same time, very inefficient and it requires an inordinate amount of road space in relation to people transported per hour. … The cost of the rail subway was assessed at up to 20% below the cost of constructing the Motorway ”. 36 D Bruce Dallas ‘Wellington Urban Motorway, Concepts and Inception 1958 – 1960s, The Haunting Spectre of the Might-Have-Been’ paper presented to the annual conference of the Institution of Professional Engineers, 1992
  37. 37. “It was assumed that the availability of this utility, with 6 stations between Thorndon and the terminus, including 2 serving the CBD, would tend to minimise rather than encourage the use of the private car and, apart from other consequential benefits, reduce demand on roading funds…. 37
  38. 38. “One of the 1959/60 reasons for the railway extension preceding Motorway construction related to land use. Much of the area it would serve was ripe for re-development. Shopping centres and office blocks could have been built close to or above railway stations. Leaving an extension decision to the indefinite future meant re-development was likely to follow a different pattern and the ready-made business that NZR would badly need would be dispersed elsewhere.” 38
  39. 39. “The location of the Railway Station on the northern edge of the CBD is a major deterrent to rail use in comparison with the use of a car, particularly for shorter distance travellers.” De Leuw Cather 1963 39
  40. 40. “We consider it extremely important that the recommended railway extensions into the Wellington central area be proceeded with at an early date to ensure that the planned highway capacities are not exceeded” De Leuw Cather 1966 40
  41. 41. “It is sometimes claimed that commuters PREFER to travel by car. This will occasion no surprise in Wellington where a highly successful disincentive has been devised, or perhaps I should say, allowed to remain, to deter city-bound travellers from the north who might otherwise use public transport. … 41
  42. 42. “Having collected passengers along three branch lines, NZR dumps them out on the fringe of the CBD. Thence, they have become resigned to trudging off along the Quays in the bracing climate or, via grim and draughty subways and stairways, wait their turn on an open pavement to pay another fare and trundle at 10 km/h to a destination in the City centre or beyond. 42 Dallas, IPENZ, 1992
  43. 43. 43
  44. 44. 44
  45. 45. 45
  46. 46. 46 “… A visionary expansion of the untidy existing system could see light rail run on from the northern line at the station along Stout St, the Lambton Quay bus lanes to Willis St, and through Manners Mall, with a terminus in Courtenay Place. A long-term expansion to the airport would make real sense. … The light rail proposal is a sensible option and needs now to be propelled to the front of the transport agenda.” Evening Post editorial 23/11/93 Evening Post 19/11/93
  47. 47. 47 “The location of the Railway Station on the northern edge of the CBD is a major deterrent to rail use in comparison with the use of a car, particularly for shorter distance travellers.”
  48. 48. "The Wellington proposal to re-equip the Johnsonville line with light rail vehicles and to connect through to the airport was seen to be an excellent plan. The Johnsonville units were very aged, a matter which had to be addressed very soon. NZRL would like to take part in any plan such as light rail developments." 48 Summary of a speech by Ed Burkhardt to the Chartered Institute of Transport in Wellington, 14 February 1995
  49. 49. 49
  50. 50. 50
  51. 51. 51
  52. 52. “The overall study objective is to assess the feasibility and merits of a range of longer-term options for providing a high frequency and high quality public transport system between the Wellington Railway Station and the Wellington Regional Hospital, including possible connections to the north and south- east, to support the urban intensification of this growth corridor.” Terms of Reference document, March 2011 52
  53. 53. 53
  54. 54.  Rail system is the PT “trunk” for 75% of the metro population  Carries 70% of the total PT passenger/km  Covers 92% of the SH1+2 transport corridor 54 GWRC PT Opex to 31/12/12Last available pax/km stats
  55. 55. 55 Factoid: introducing through tram-train services in Karlsruhe increased patronage by from 43% to 625%
  56. 56. AECOM Wellington Public Transport Spine Study Option Evaluation Results - 13 Figure 5 Light Rail Transit option 3 3 2/10 – “not achieved”! Where is the depot?? 56 Bifurcated route not = Growth Spine Bad location for rail line Unnecessary tunnel Bad median design Convoluted route Bad location for a terminus No railway connection Follows the Golden Mile West LQ track location
  57. 57. Prof Peter Newman, email 19/8/13 See also: http://sustainablecities.org.nz/2013/08/are-we-turning-the-corner- on-global-sustainability/ 57
  58. 58. 58 The Douglas – Cockburn RLR proposal, Track & Signal, Summer 2014
  59. 59. Find out more – get the free KiwiTram newsletter – light rail and tram news from a NZ perspective. Email: brent.efford@techmedia.co.nz Subject line: “Subscribe” 59 SPECIAL OFFER From Survival to Revival – Auckland’s Public Transport System since 1860 – by Graham Bush $46.00 (GST Inclusive) to NZ Rail 2014 delegates – Post and packing FREE – Post your cheque* and mailing address direct to:- Grantham House Publishing 6/9 Wilkinson Street, Oriental Bay WELLINGTON 6011 *Or Visa and Mastercard… requiring… Name on Card / Card Number / expiry date / signature / telephone number, Email: graham@ghbil.com, http://www.granthamhouse.co.nz/

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