WHAT IS NOT OBVIOUSWHAT IS NOT OBVIOUS
ABOUT “THE NEED”?ABOUT “THE NEED”?
The Importance of “Recognizing the Need” in Promoting Information LiteracyThe Importance of “Recognizing the Need” in Promoting Information Literacy
Prof. Jeanne GalvinProf. Jeanne Galvin
Queensborough Community CollegeQueensborough Community College
Bayside, NYBayside, NY
Self generated information needsSelf generated information needs
are different from imposedare different from imposed
information needsinformation needs
Academic (imposed) informationAcademic (imposed) information
No connection of need and useNo connection of need and use
Do not use information to build newDo not use information to build new
Chinese menuChinese menu
Information “dumping”Information “dumping”
Lack of critical thinking skillsLack of critical thinking skills
The Flow of Information
How information develops over time...
An explanation of how and where information appears and is published over
time, using two different topics as research examples.
•Historical Context: before something happens, the world surrounding it sets the
•Something happens: an event, such as an election, disaster, discovery, publication of
a work, or the performance of a play.
•Or something develops: a movement, an era, an idea, an ideology, or a religious
belief that significantly affects many people for a time or continuously, such as the
women's suffrage movement, the beginning of Christianity or Buddhism, the
development of a democracy, or the Information Age.
•Days or weeks afterwards: informal discussion and sharing occurs.
•Months or years afterwards: formal discussion and documentation of evidence is
created, disseminated, and in many cases added to over time.
•Finding sources: methods of finding information sources are described.
•From Five Colleges of Ohio Information Literacy Tutorial
What source should I use?What source should I use?
What about information from theWhat about information from the
mass media and the internet?mass media and the internet?
Lack of engagement and criticalLack of engagement and critical
Problem-based learningProblem-based learning
Active learningActive learning
Working in groupsWorking in groups
Real world problemsReal world problems
Must find credible and relevant informationMust find credible and relevant information
Must use information to solve a problemMust use information to solve a problem
Encourage “Assignments ThatEncourage “Assignments That
Work” by reminding facultyWork” by reminding faculty
Do make sure students know your name.Do make sure students know your name.
Do distribute a printed syllabus.Do distribute a printed syllabus.
Do not send a whole class to look for the sameDo not send a whole class to look for the same
Do use Course Reserves when needed.Do use Course Reserves when needed.
Do not ban the use of all Internet sources.Do not ban the use of all Internet sources.
Do recognize that students do not distinguishDo recognize that students do not distinguish
between online journals and “google” results.between online journals and “google” results.
Also remind themAlso remind them
Do not assume that students know how to findDo not assume that students know how to find
and evaluate information.and evaluate information.
Do not assume that students can read a citation.Do not assume that students can read a citation.
Do create assignments that require students toDo create assignments that require students to
think critically.think critically.
Take responsibility for librarians’Take responsibility for librarians’
contributions to the confusioncontributions to the confusion
Library web pages need to be tested forLibrary web pages need to be tested for
Be vigilant about library jargon on a pageBe vigilant about library jargon on a page
that is supposed to help studentsthat is supposed to help students
Customize your library page to make it aCustomize your library page to make it a
portal to meet the academic needs of yourportal to meet the academic needs of your
Communicate with librarians aboutCommunicate with librarians about
your assignmentsyour assignments
and consider schedulingand consider scheduling
library instruction.library instruction.