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Information literacy and learning transition: what can we learn from first year undergraduates? - Samuel Nikoi

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Information literacy and learning transition: what can we learn from first year undergraduates? - Samuel Nikoi

  1. 1. Dr. Samuel Nikoi (skn@aber.ac.uk)
  2. 2.  Positive transition into higher education has a direct impact on student retention (Boyle, Cater and Clark 2002)  Transition to university can be a difficult and unsettling experience for students entering an unfamiliar domain (Byrne and Flood 2005. pg. 113)  40% of students report that information about library services is „very useful‟ and relevant to their decision about going to university. (HEFCE 2010. p.8.) 01/05/2014 2
  3. 3. Pre - application Admission Preparation Arrival Directions/ transportati on Accomodati on / Travel info. Prog. info / Course handbook Websites/ Open-days/ Prospectus Meeting Anxiety Managing change Academic work Lecturer/ librarians Tutors/ Mentors/ coaches Student support Clubs/ pubs/ dept & lib induction Stage 1 Info. need Stage 2 Info. need Positivetransition? 01/05/2014 3
  4. 4. change identity environment perception values Learning approach responsibility 01/05/2014 4
  5. 5. 01/05/2014 5
  6. 6. 1. What information literacy competences do students possess before arrival at university? 2. How do newly admitted students rate themselves in terms of Information literacy? 3. What new set of information skills do they expect to develop on arrival at university? 4. How can library inductions equip and kick start their learning journey in HE? 01/05/2014 6
  7. 7. Survey hosted on Bristol online platform Questions were both open and closed and covered: ◦ Expectations ◦ Familiarity ◦ Confidence  Respondents mainly first year undergraduates  Survey opened two - three weeks before arrival  Analysed statistically and qualitatively. 01/05/2014 7
  8. 8. 2012 2013 Number of respondents 1299 1039 Undergraduate: 1084 876 Taught Masters: 145 99 MPhil: 9 7 PhD: 28 32 Other 21 13 By Gender (Male) 49.1% (634) 44.6% (460) By Gender (Female) 50.9% (658) 54.4% ( 571) 01/05/2014 8
  9. 9. 2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013 Time management Listening Note taking Academic reading Academic writing Research Confident 975 731 1208 962 1034 815 1132 891 856 675 1018 798 Not confident 324 308 91 77 265 224 167 148 443 364 281 241 75% 70% 93% 93% 80% 78% 87% 86% 66% 65% 78% 77% 24% 30% 7% 7% 20% 22% 13% 14% 34% 35% 22% 23% How confident are you at doing the following? Confident Not confident 01/05/2014 9
  10. 10. 2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013 Presentation Contributing to seminar discussions Team work Confident 723 580 747 593 1131 894 Not confident 576 459 552 446 168 145 56% 59% 58% 57% 87% 86% 44% 44% 42% 43% 13% 14% How confident are you at doing the following? Confident Not confident 01/05/2014 10
  11. 11. Academic reading: Academic writing: Listening: Presentati on: Critical thinking: Time managem ent: Research: Note taking: Seminar discussio ns: Team work: None of the above: Other (ple ase specify): 2012 341 618 126 603 492 364 530 355 550 204 117 21 2013 311 513 115 468 381 306 429 298 466 171 109 14 26% 48% 10% 46% 38% 28% 41% 27% 42% 16% 9% 2% 30% 49% 11% 45% 37% 29% 41% 29% 45% 16% 10% 1% Which of the following academic skills would you like to know more about? 2012 2013 01/05/2014 11
  12. 12. Google scholar: A friend: My teacher: Wikipedia: Facebook: The library: Twitter: Open Educational Resource (OER): YouTube: Free search on the internet: 2012 197 96 308 94 6 328 1 31 4 387 2013 186 76 254 66 2 248 1 34 4 336 15% 7% 24% 7% 0% 25% 0% 2% 0% 30% 18% 7% 24% 6% 0% 24% 0% 3% 0% 32% Where do you first turn when looking for information for your studies? 2012 2013 01/05/2014 12
  13. 13. 2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013 Online library catalogue Academic journal E-Book Bibliographic database Familiar: 482 346 440 472 563 594 308 252 Not familiar: 817 693 859 567 736 445 991 787 37% 33% 34% 45% 43% 57% 24% 24% 63% 67% 66% 55% 57% 43% 76% 76% How familiar are you with the following? Familiar: Not familiar: 01/05/2014 13
  14. 14. 2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013 Online library catalogue Bibliographic database Electronic journal E-Books Confident 597 478 374 357 554 490 707 655 Not confident 702 561 925 682 745 549 592 384 46% 46% 29% 34% 43% 47% 54% 63% 54% 54% 71% 66% 57% 53% 46% 37% How confident are you at using the following? Confident Not confident 01/05/2014 14
  15. 15. 2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013 Bibliography Copyright Plagiarism Referencing Familiar: 1138 930 1224 997 1170 964 1221 673 Not familiar: 161 109 75 42 129 75 78 366 88% 90% 94% 96% 90% 93% 94% 65% 12% 10% 6% 4% 10% 7% 6% 35% How familiar are you with the following? Familiar: Not familiar: 01/05/2014 15
  16. 16. 2012 2013 2012 2013 Microsoft Word: citations & bibliography EndNote Familiar: 878 570 211 112 Not familiar: 409 461 1077 914 68% 55% 16% 11% 32% 45% 84% 89% How familiar are you with the following? Familiar: Not familiar: 01/05/2014 16
  17. 17. 2012 2013 2012 2013 Microsoft word - citation & bibliography; EndNote Confident 880 611 179 138 Not confident 419 428 1120 901 68% 59% 14% 13% 32% 41% 86% 87% How confident are you at using the following? Confident Not confident 01/05/2014 17
  18. 18. 2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013 Email Blackboard Facebook Confident 1292 1033 431 340 1217 973 Not confident 7 6 868 699 82 66 99.5% 99.4% 33% 33% 94% 94% 7 6 67% 67% 6% 6% How confident are you at using the following? Confident Not confident 01/05/2014 18
  19. 19. PRE-RECORDED presentation available online followed by a TOUR of the library with a librarian: PRE-RECORDED presentation available online followed by a SELF-TOUR of the library: FACE-TO-FACE presentation with slides followed by a TOUR of the library with a librarian: FACE-TO-FACE presentation with slides followed by a SELF-TOUR of the library: 2012 383 236 570 110 2013 270 203 478 88 30% 18% 44% 8% 26% 20% 46% 8% On arrival which would you prefer to get you started in using our information services? 2012 2013 01/05/2014 19
  20. 20.  “Though I can and did present things in my undergraduate studies I am not sure I am at the same level as other students, may be because my school did more testing than presentation work”.  “Don't just tell us how to use the library facilities - show us! Let us have a go. Physical demonstrations are always more effective”.  “I find IT easy and anything I don't know I'll pick up. I'm used to creative writing so find academic writing difficult”.  “I will probably need to be shown how exactly things should be referenced properly”.  “Confident with reports and presentations including references to background reading and online information but not familiar with e-Books and online learning platforms”. 01/05/2014 20
  21. 21. 1. Variation in levels of IL competence at the time of coming to university 2. High self evaluation in terms of cognitive skills 3. Awareness of Information literacy and academic skill deficiencies 4. The library is the second most important source of information after the internet 5. Poor knowledge of library threshold concepts 6. Students are not familiar/confident in their use of scholarly information sources 7. Awareness of ethical uses of information but less so about citation tools 8. Blackboard is a black box for many students 9. A human face to library induction is highly valued 01/05/2014 21
  22. 22. Knowledge ? Cold WarmHot 01/05/2014 22
  23. 23. Face to face Online 01/05/2014 23
  24. 24. Open Closed Blended 01/05/2014 24
  25. 25. Prospective students deserve more than glossy advertising prospectuses. A student experience of university does not begin when they step onto campus on the first day of their first university year. Early relationship (knowledge based) between student and university is very important in preparing students for university life. (1994 Group Report). 01/05/2014 25

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