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Maddison - The information literacy challenge in public libraries in Wales (candidate logbook)

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Maddison - The information literacy challenge in public libraries in Wales (candidate logbook)

  1. 1. Agored Unit CCZ143: Information Literacy Level 3 Candidate LogbookCandidate Name: Mark Antony JonesCandidate Number:Centre:Start Date: 16/11/12Finish Date: 12/12/12Assessor: Ceri PowellSummaryIn order to successfully complete this Unit, the candidate must carry out the specified practical tasks relating to Outcomes 1, 2, 3 and 4.The tutor/assessor should fill in the topic and the date of completion against each search in the table below. Search Topic Completion DateComplex Search Kyffin Williams, artistI certify that all the work detailed in this logbook has been carried out unaided by the candidate named above.Signed:…………………………………………………………. Date:……………………. 1
  2. 2. The assessor should fill in the date of completion against each task in the table below. Completion DateLEARNING AssessmentOUTCOMES CriteriaThe learner will: The learner can:1. Be able to identify a Define the information topic required using mind-mapping, brainstorming or another 2.1, 2.2 the information technique. topic and develop b Produce an action plan including tasks, steps, locations and timelines for how the 2.4 a plan to gather information is to be gathered and identifying the specific information (criteria) the information required. 2.5 required c Justify why the chosen approach has been adopted.2. Understand the a Categorise available information sources including at least 2 different formats 1.1, 1.2 advantages and and at least 2 different mediums. Explain how each information source is limitations of a range organised and how it can be explored of information 1.3 b Identify the features and characteristics of the information available in different sources. types of information sources. c Compare the different information sources. 1.43. Understand how to a Search for information using multiple search criteria and combine keywords using 2.3, 3.1 gather required techniques appropriate to the search engine and summarise why potential resources information and have been selected. assess its relevance. b 3.2 Assess how well information returned meets the criteria set in 1b. c Review how the search criteria could be improved to find more suitable information, 3.3, 3.4 assessing any gaps or new information needed and put in place action to gather the 3.5, 4.5 remaining information until criteria in 1b are fully met.4. Be able to a Select and sort information and data by questions identified in 1.b and integrate with 4.1, 4.2 4.3 communicate existing knowledge in a summarised format, using references and/or citation to information gained acknowledge the information source. according to purpose b Communicate findings in two appropriate formats for the audience to illustrate findings, 4.4 and audience. show trends and/or make comparisons. 2
  3. 3. COMPLEX SEARCHOutcome 1: Be able to identify the information topic and develop a plan to gather the information required.You must complete ALL sections to obtain a pass in Outcome 1For outcome 1 you will need to do the following:a Define the information topic required using mind-mapping, brainstorming or another technique.b Produce an action plan including tasks, steps, locations and timelines for how the information is to be gathered and identifying the specific information (criteria) required.c Justify why the chosen approach has been adopted.1a Clarify information already known using mind-mapping, brainstorming or another technique Task Techniques used Information gainedDefine theinformation Kyffin Williams The student had googled basic bibliographic detailquestion (topic) Knowledge is limited. http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/arts/sites/kyffin-williams/ Local catalogue searched for more information on location of Anything about Kyffin Williams paintings of landscapes in Wales and prices at auction.Questions in white boxes apply to all enquiries. The shaded questions will depend on the nature of the enquiry (use NA if notapplicable). 3
  4. 4. 1b Produce an action plan including tasks, steps, locations and timelines for how the information is to be gathered and identifying the specific information (criteria) required. Information gainedDeadline 1 weekInformation overload Basic information, biographical, information on paintings and Welsh landscapePurpose Part of coursework - Access to Humanities Level 3 (Literature and Landscape – R S Thomas and Kyffin Williams)Level 3Support All carried out by library staff but the client was shown how to use the catalogue. Kyffin WilliamsWho? Any information, but in particular on his landscapes of Wales and whereWhat? these might be viewed locally. 16/11/12 – week‟s deadline. Williams‟ dates are 1918 – 2006.When? The student was particularly interested in Williams‟ Welsh landscapes –Where? less so on his other art, eg his paintings of Venice. Paintings might be held in galleries outside Wales. Material for coursework.Why? NAHow? 4
  5. 5. 1c Justify why the chosen approach has been adopted.Your approach Possible problemsSearch engine for quick bibliographic and biographical info. Availability of books of the landscape scenes for loan or time taken getting items from other libraries.Catalogue search for books of landscapes. Information overload. Dead links.Searched periodicals and local newspapers. Subjective blogs. 5
  6. 6. Outcome 2: Understand the advantages and limitations of a range of information sources.You must complete ALL sections to obtain a pass in Outcome 2For outcome 2 you will need to do the following:a Categorise available information sources including at least 2 different formats and at least 2 different mediums. Explain how each information source is organised and how it can be exploredb Identify the features and characteristics of the information available in different types of information sources.c Compare the different information sources.2a Categorise available information sources including at least 2 different formats and at least 2 different mediums. Information source Media How is the source organised and how can it be searched? (Format eg people, books, journals, Which different media is How the material is arranged eg parts, volumes, issues? newspapers, audio visual, electronic) this source available in How can it be searched eg electronically, index, word search etc eg online, hardcopy, audio etcSearch Engine Online Keyword search, electronicSearch Engine Online Keyword search, electronicNewspaper article, journals, periodicals etc Newsbank, etabloid Keyword database search done via ATHENSBook – via searchable catalogue Hard copy Index, contents 6
  7. 7. Complete the following table for each source listed in 2a x 4 ONLINE SEARCH BBC Wales Online – general information2b Identify the features and characteristics of the information available in different types of information sources. Task Your approach Information gainedFocus The initial information „given‟ was The initial request for Kyffin Willams life history.Is the information broad or narrow narrow; it required a basic keyword or Detail was found quickly: birth, death, places of simple Boolean search. study and lists of works.Dynamic The information needs are dynamic. Another simple keyword search using a searchIs the information changing or static Client now wants information on works engine - provided good links eg Oriel Ynys which can be viewed locally and which Mon and Royal Cambrian Academy. Basic are of the Welsh landscape.. information but useful links.Complexity The information is based on the single The website found contained enough relevantIs the information based on a single topic, Kyffin Williams and his works, information for the complexity required – generaltopic or inter-related subjects specifically Welsh landscapes. biographic detail..Media Electronic, online search engine. Electronic. Last updated October 2009.Is the information provided in print,electronic or audio visual format 7
  8. 8. 2b Identify the features and characteristics of the information available in different types of information sources. BOOK Task Your approach Information gainedFocus I searched the library catalogue and The information covers in detail his life history,Is the information broad or narrow found the Kyffin Williams autobiography, education, interests, paintings and travels. which holds an expansive range of information. Other books are also available.Dynamic The information itself is dynamic and More detail about his life and especially hisIs the information changing or static becoming more detailed. thoughts on the local area where he lived and painted.Complexity The information is based on the single The autobiography „The Wilder Sky‟ has openedIs the information based on a single topic, Kyffin Williams and his works, a wide variety of areas in Kyffin Williams‟s lifetopic or inter-related subjects specifically landscapes that the client would be able to use when his project is expanded!Media Hardcopy book located using the Talis The book was available and on the shelves andIs the information provided in print, catalogue. contained more than enough information for theelectronic or audio visual format enquiry. Other titles were available. 8
  9. 9. 2b Identify the features and characteristics of the information available in different types of information sources.WEBSITES Task Your approach Information gainedFocus The information given was very wide – I found the most relevant websites to KyffinIs the information broad or narrow general biographic information and Williams art on local display. The enquiry was critical study of the paintings. This can for biographic information and local displays of be narrowed down to the Welsh Welsh landscapes, so not all information gained landscapes and biographical was relevant. information.Dynamic The information was static but, due to Some information gained – prices of paintingsIs the information changing or static the results, local information was found. sold at auction, temporary exhibitions, new critical studies of the paintings, critical views.Complexity Information is general but can be related Deatails of forthcoming exhibitions; details of KWIs the information based on a single eg to Welsh art, landscape in art, Welsh blog at National library of Wales.topic or inter-related subjects Writing in English.Media The information is in electronic form. Electronic. Some PDFs available to be printed,Is the information provided in print, eg a catalogue.electronic or audio visual format 9
  10. 10. 2b Identify the features and characteristics of the information available in different types of information sources.NEWSPAPER ARTICLES Task Your approach Information gainedFocus The information given was very wide – I found the most relevant websites to KyffinIs the information broad or narrow general biographic information and Williams art on local display. The enquiry was critical study of the paintings. This can for biographic information and local displays of be narrowed down to the Welsh Welsh landscapes, so not all information gained landscapes and biographical was relevant. information.Dynamic The information was dynamic as articles Some new information gained – prices ofIs the information changing or static are added daily. paintings sold at auction, temporary exhibitions, new critical studies of the paintings, critical views.Complexity Information is general but can be related Article chosen personal evaluation of KW basedIs the information based on a single eg to Welsh art, landscape in art, Welsh on personal experience. Discusses his artistictopic or inter-related subjects Writing in English. technique and manifesto on painting Welsh landscapes. Many articles available from this source..Media The information is in electronic form. Electronic on Newsbank but can be printed off.Is the information provided in print,electronic or audio visual format 10
  11. 11. Complete the following table for each source listed in 2a (Search Engine) x 4 sources2c Compare the different information sources. Task Your approach Effectiveness assessment BBC ARTS WALES ONLINECurrency BBC Arts Website is updated often. Although the BBC page was last updated in 2009, it held was as Wales Online page for Kyffin Williams was last up to date as required, as he died in 2006. updated July 2011. The Wales Online information was recent enough for the enquiry. The books found in the catalogue were of recent date and contained many illustrations.Validity Information gained was checked with the user to Due to personal knowledge and frequent use of the BBC website see if it was what they required. as a valid source, I was able to obtain what the client wanted.Reliability Cooperation known for its reliability was chosen Again, the fact that the BBC is well known for its research the as a source for the information required. Wales chances of unreliability were low. The links were up to date. Online is powered by the Western Mail and businesses in Wales and seems to be reliable. The websitesAuthority The BBC is noted for its authority on most Knowing that the BBC is well known for its authority led me to subjects and uses the knowledge of professionals. believe this was a good source for information required. The Wales online covers news throughout Wales and authority for Wales Online was good enough for the level has access to authorities in different fields. required. The Wales Online conforms to the newspapers voluntary code of practice administered by the press complaints commission; sources should be reliable! Due to this website being run by the Western Mail and the South Wales Echo, amongst others, I would regard the Wales Online information to be trusted by most users and search engines. 11
  12. 12. Sufficiency The client was asked how much material he Although the client was happy with the information gained, once I required. As a start, printouts from the websites had explained that they could access a book and e-resources it were sufficient. was decided that material from these sources would add to the reliability and sufficiency of the material.Relevance By using keywords given I was able to utilise The basic search strategy was enough to bring up relevant search techniques, such as using quotes, intext: information but, by showing the client how to use advanced commands and related search tools to gather strategies, she was able to go away find more relevant relevant information. information by refining her search and widening it beyond Google and Wikipedia.Bias The nature of the query denoted to me that bias The material I found on the website didn‟t show any bias, as in, shouldn‟t be an issue with the request of no partiality, preference or prejudice was found. This could have biographic information.. been cross referenced with other websites and books. 12
  13. 13. 2 c Task – Your approach Effectiveness assessmentWEBSITES -SPECIALISTCurrency I was lucky to find information that was relatively The websites I used were updated daily. They had good links. current without searching by dates. These websites, in particular Oriel Ynys Mon, are regularly updated, eg with exhibition dates.Validity Information gained was checked with the user to The client was happy that she could view paintings at Oriel Ynys see if it was what they required. Mon and the Royal Cambrian Academy. The biographic material on the Oriel Ynys Mon website was authoritative.Reliability The Oriel Ynys Mon website was originally Personal knowledge. approved by KW and is updated by KW specialists. The National Library of Wales and the Royal Cambrian Academy are national organisations.Authority I chose the websites because they are well-known Oriel Ynys Mon is staffed by KW experts who contribute to the and trusted website and were one of the top hits website. when searching Google. The newspaper/journal articles were of local provenance.Sufficiency When I showed the client the website he said he The biographic and bibliographic information was sufficient for was happy with the amount of information found. Level 3, and the locations of local paintings could be checked with the two galleries.Relevance By using keywords given I was able to utilise The search strategies I showed the client was good enough to search techniques, such as using quotes, intext: find relevant information for her requirements. commands and related search tools to gather relevant information. 13
  14. 14. Bias The nature of the query denoted to me that bias The material I found on the websites didn‟t show any bias; no shouldn‟t be an issue with the request. Some partiality, preference or prejudice was found. websites can express opinions on the paintings.2c Compare the different information sources.NEWSBANK Task Your approach Effectiveness assessmentCurrency Newsbank searches can be filtered by relevance Since KW died in 2009; the search was mostly aimed at or publication date. relevance. Although the client found some of the latest new articles useful, as in, reviews by art critics and exhibitions.Validity Information gained was checked with the user to The information accurately reflected what the client required and see if it was what they required. could be cross referenced with the material found in the different types of newspapers.Reliability Newsbank was chosen for its reliability, in that, Looking at the source of the information and the varieties of you are able to search high quality newspapers, newspapers available, we can assume the material to be as well as the tabloids. dependable and trustworthy. This can be seen when the information in the local Welsh newspapers is reflected in the national broadsheets.Authority Newsbank covers the majority of the UK‟s The material found covered a wide range of newspapers that newspapers, some of whom are noted for their have well known art critics working for them, who had plenty to authority in the arts, which is why I chose this say about Kyffin Williams but we found enough material in the resource. Western Mail.Sufficiency I showed the client a number of results which she Although the client was happy with the amount of material said would be enough from this particular presented, I showed her how to save his searches in case she resource. should change is mind and needed to go back to the results. 14
  15. 15. Relevance To gather relevant information I altered the search Having spoken to the client and explained that I could show her results from publication dates to relevance. how to filter the results by relevance instead of date; that this would include information going back years, but she said that the age of the material wasn‟t of real concern.Bias Bias wasn‟t an issue, as we were looking for basic The nature of the information request suggested to me that it information that covered simple biographical didn‟t require the level of evaluation that, for example, an in-depth detail. political or philosophical enquiry would need. 15
  16. 16. 2c Your approach Effectiveness assessmentCurrency It was put to the client that the book was printed in Although it didn‟t take us up to his death, the client found the 1996 and didn‟t cover the last ten years of his life. book extremely informative and what he couldn‟t gain from hisBOOK later years he had available in the form of the information given to him in the printouts and Newsbank.Validity I searched the library catalogue to find a Kyffin It wasn‟t difficult to find a valid source in book, as the library has a Williams book that covered his landscapes, which well-stocked art section that happened to include a book of Welsh unearthed his autobiography. I showed the details landscapes, which the client found suitable for his needs. of the book to the client who thought it valid for his needs.Reliability The Wilder Sky was chosen as a reliable source The information taken from this book can be taken as reliable, as because it is written by the author himself. it is an autobiography. Also it is well known and reviews can be found in newpaper, journal articles and online.Authority The nature of the book, being an autobiography of Kyffin Williams is well known authority in his field. Searching an artist, makes it an authority on the artist as library catalogues or the internet will bring up more than enough author. information to vouch for his reputation.Sufficiency The client was shown the result of the catalogue The autobiography was more than sufficient in regard to the search and I was fortunate enough to come amount required. across the autobiography.Relevance Searching for Kyffin Williams on the catalogue To create an effective and relevant search I could have used the resulted in a few relevant books. advanced search option on the Library catalogue to narrow the results to autobiography, landscape or portraits. 16
  17. 17. Bias The level of information required leads me to If the client wanted to extract more detail, possibly opinions on believe that bias shouldn‟t be an issue with this another artist, then he would have to be aware of bias and autobiography. possibly cross referencing with other material 17
  18. 18. Outcome 3. Understand how to gather required information and assess its relevance.You must complete ALL sections to obtain a pass in Outcome 3.For outcome 3 you will need to do the following:a Search for information using multiple search criteria and combine keywords using techniques appropriate to the search engine and summarise why potential resources have been selected.b Assess how well information returned meets the criteria set in 1b.c Review how the search criteria could be improved to find more suitable information, assessing any gaps or new information needed and put in place action to gather the remaining information until criteria in 1b are fully met.3a Search for information using multiple search criteria and combine keywords using techniques appropriate to the search engine and summarise why potential resources have been selected.Information sources (resource not How and why was this source selected?search tool).http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/arts/sites/k I took keywords from the conversation with the client and put them in inverted commas toyffin-williams/ refine the search: "Kyffin Williams" "biography.” This resource is well known for the quality of its content and the research into the material held on the website.Oriel Ynys Mon website Personal knowledge – I knew this was a major source of information for Kyffin Williamshttp://www.kyffinwilliams.info/ and the authoritative source, endorsed by the artist himself. It also took me to the Royal Cambrian Academy and the National Library of Wales.Newsbank – Electronic newspaper This resource was chosen because you can search UK Newspapers in one go or, selectResource countries or the papers individually. It was ideal for searching local newspapers for news on local exhibitions and related articles. It is a very quick way of gathering information and it‟s easy to filter searches by keyword, title, caption and date. I used the keywords Kyffin Williams along with, exhibitions, auctions, paintings and landscapes. There were numerous hits. 18
  19. 19. Book – The Wilder Sky, searched for I used the local library catalogue, using the keywords Kyffin Williams. A furtherusing Linc y Gogledd. refinement wasn‟t necessary, as the initial search brought up the autobiography. The client was more than happy with the book as it covered the information she was looking for – when and where he was born, what and who influenced him etc. Other books were available including an excellent catalogue. 19
  20. 20. 3b Assess how well information returned meets the criteria set in 1b Criteria How well did the information gained meet this criteria (state NA if that criteria is not applicableDeadline All the information was found during the interview process.Information overload Although the initial internet search was enough, during the interview process and explanation of the resources available, the client was more than interested in digging a little deeper and expanding on the searches. No other libraries have been contacted, but Oriel Ynys Mon were and said they were happy to help. They had curators who had personally known Sir Kyffin.Purpose The information covered everything the client required to complete her assignment. By showing the client how to use Newsbank she was able to save searches that could be used in the future. She was shown how to search the Linc y Gogledd catalogue.Support I spent several hours (at different times) on the enquiry. I showed the student how to access the catalogue and Newsbank via Athens. I found out his birth, death, where he grew up, education and his lifelong influences.Who? In regard to his Welsh landscapes, the autobiography had detail of Snowdonia andWhat? how the landscape and light influenced his style of painting. The Walesonline website was a good choice for finding the latest prices at auction, asWhen? was Newsbank with its article on recently found drawings and what they went for at auction. KW‟s dates were 1918 – 2006 but I did look at information published after his death. N/A - although looking specifically at Welsh landscapes and paintings held locally.Where? N/A –m although possible the autobiography explained his decision to paint WelshWhy? landscapes. N/A – although the newspaper article explained his painting techniques.How? 20
  21. 21. 3c Review how the search criteria could be improved to find more suitable information, assessing any gaps or newinformation needed and put in place action to gather the remaining information until criteria in 1b are fully met. Your approach Suggested amendments to search strategy (and why)The main issue with gathering theinformation was that the client knew If I wanted to refine my search further, resulting possibly in peer reviewed works,virtually nothing about Kyffin Williams, I could have used the following techniques:apart from the fact that he was a Welshpainter. I asked for any ideas he could give “Kyffin Williams” “biography” “landscapes” . I could have then used these termsme from the assignment that she was in the advanced search option and filtered by file type, which may have resulted ingiven, which related Kyffin‟s paintings to journal and scholarly articles.the poetry of R s Thomas. Instead of Newsbank, I could have used Infotrac , using keyword, subject andFrom this point I needed to find some advanced searches to find relevant material. In the process I could have quicklybasic biographical information from a shown the client how to cite the material and save articles and searches.reliable source as a start, from where Icould suggest other reliable sources that In regard to the catalogue search, I could have searched all the libraries in Northcould be referenced, such as Newsbank Wales using the Linc y Gogledd catalogue. The advanced search option couldand then the autobiography. have been used to pick out biographies, landscapes and portraits; this could be used in the future if the client would like to go into more detail.The enquiry was then directed towardslandscapes, which was covered inNewsbank and Walesonline , although abook of his landscapes was identified forloan during the initial catalogue search. 21
  22. 22. Outcome 4. Be able to communicate information gained according to purpose and audience.You must complete ALL sections to obtain a pass in Outcome 4.a Select and sort information and data by questions identified in 1.b and integrate with existing knowledge in a summarised format, using references and/or citation to acknowledge the information source.b Communicate findings in two appropriate formats for the audience to illustrate findings, show trends and/or make comparisons.4a Select and sort information and data by questions identified in 1.b and integrate with existing knowledge in a summarisedformat, using references and/or citation to acknowledge the information source.Information Citation/ReferenceBasic BBC. 2009. Kyffin Williams. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/arts/sites/kyffin-williams/. [Accessed 23 November 12]informationon KyffinWilliams.Includes abiographyand links.Information http://www.kyffinwilliams.info/eng/oriel_kyffin_williams.html Accessed 16th November 2012.onWilliams‟spaintings.One of the http://infoweb.newsbank.com/iw-articles search/we/InfoWeb?p_product=WLSNB&p_theme=aggregated5&p_action=doc&p_docid=143C44AFDF440740&p_docnum=3&p_saved as queryname=2part of a ‘ The Western Mail (2011), In Kyffin‟s Footsteps‟, Friday January 11, p. 9.search usingthe Accessed 23rd November 2012. Many articles are available. This is written by someone with personal knowledge of Sir Kyffin,electronic discusses his artistic technique, and his Welsh landscapes with particular reference to Ynys Mon.resourceNewsbank 22
  23. 23. The WILLIAMS, K. (2006). A Wider Sky. Llandysul, Gwasg Gomer.autobiography wasidentifiedwhileshowing theclient how touse thelibrarycatalogue. 23
  24. 24. Attach a copy of your results for presentation to the user4b Communicate findings in two appropriate formats for the audience to illustrate findings, show trends and/or makecomparisons.The client was given a printout of the BBC, Oriel Ynys Mon, Royal Cambrian Academy and Wales Online webpages because sheasked for copies to refer to in his assignment and to use as references.In regard to Newsbank, she was given a username and password and shown how to search for information on ATHENS. She wasthen able to save articles and print material if he so wished.The client was shown how to use the catalogue and chose the autobiography, which she then took out on loan.The communication was verbal, with some information passed via email. 24

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