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I wouldn't believe your radio - Grey & Lacey

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Presented at LILAC 2019

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I wouldn't believe your radio - Grey & Lacey

  1. 1. PHE Knowledge and Library Service Steph Grey & Trish Lacey I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. Thursday 24th April 2019 LILAC 2019, University of Nottingham
  2. 2. Public Health: Promote, Prevent, Protect 2 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. Public Health, Public Health, what the !&£$ is Public Health? (Amateur Transplants, Finals Fantasy) Alcohol, Drugs, Tobacco Mental health Screening Diet and Obesity Health equity Cancer Environment Life expectancy
  3. 3. Public Health England 3 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. Created in 2013, bringing together over 70 organisations, including: Our mission: to protect and improve the nation’s health and wellbeing, and reduce health inequalities. • Health Protection Agency • Specialised Commissioners • Regional Cancer Intelligence Services • Screening Programmes • National Infection Service • Public Health Observatories
  4. 4. PHE: an evidence-driven organisation 4 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. Health: Public Health? Whatever form the evidence takes, QUALITY MATTERS
  5. 5. • To provide reassurance about the trustworthiness, value and relevance of the evidence. • To help provide justification of why this piece of evidence has been used. 5 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. http://www.knowledge.scot.nhs.uk/media/931648/informationsupportroleframework.pdf Why evaluate?
  6. 6. Quality in health: critical appraisal 6 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. CASP CEBMJBI PROBLEM FOR PH: All address traditional forms of research.
  7. 7. What can we do about quality in PH evidence? 7 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. Two areas of focus
  8. 8. Infographics: How they’re used at PHE 8 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. Developed: Great for conveying a message with great impact. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/upl oads/image_data/file/77253/Health-Matters-July-11-07.jpg Retrieved as evidence: What is the effect of X? Does X work? http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/HealthyLiving/HealthyEating/ HealthyDietGoals/The-Effects-of-Excess-Sodium- Infographic_UCM_454384_SubHomePage.jsp
  9. 9. Infographics: Searching 9 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. What we want: What we found:
  10. 10. Infographics: Design 10 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. Literature Search Read articles Extracted evidence Warning! Reliance on one article.
  11. 11. Infographics: Quality control 11 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. Tested by members of PHE’s Knowledge & Library Services Team Approved by PHE KLS SMT before being put on catalogue.
  12. 12. Infographics: Launch 12 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. Find it on our library catalogue: https://phe.koha- ptfs.co.uk/cgi-bin/koha/opac-detail.pl?biblionumber=54912 Soft launch: distributed to stakeholders
  13. 13. Infographics: General questions 13 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. 1. Does the infographic provide enough information to base a decision on? 2. Do you need to undertake further research? 3. Is the population group similar to yours? 4. Will it work in your setting? 5. Is this really the only piece of evidence you can find for what you are doing?
  14. 14. Infographics: Demo 1 14 v https://3jbq2ynuxa-flywheel.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/91.png Does the infographic provide enough information to base a decision on?
  15. 15. Infographics: Demo 2 15 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. https://debategraph.org/Handler.ashx?path=ROOT%252fu23%252fAdult_Physical_Acti vity_Levels.jpg Are there any references to back up where the content and data has come from?
  16. 16. Infographics: Demo 3 16 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/53cd915ce4b0216897eda42c/t/55af0414e4b0bc5e7b2403fc/ 1437533208415/infographic-6.jpg?format=750w Are the graphics necessary, do they add value?
  17. 17. Infographics: Demo 4 17 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. https://www.nutsforlife.com.au/media/infographics/# Is it free from bias? Who produced this? And for what reason/purpose?
  18. 18. Infographics: Demo 5 18 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/6 77546/Infographic5.png Can you understand this infographic without any prior knowledge on the subject?
  19. 19. Infographics: Considerations 1 19 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. • This is still a new area which needs more research. • Visualisation theory, how humans perceive colours and visual patterns can have an impact on the message being delivered. • Visualisation literacy should be considered. Evidence shows that a person’s education can impact on their ability to understand an infographic. In addition to the ‘skill’ whereby an individual can ‘read’ an image, people with a greater spatial awareness can read graphs better than others.
  20. 20. Infographics: Considerations 2 20 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. • Semiotics: the interpretation of the pictures by the end user, where we apply our own culture and meaning. • There are different types of infographics and these may need to be evaluated differently: • statistical infographic • informational infographic • timeline infographic • process infographic • geographic infographic • comparison infographic • hierarchical infographic
  21. 21. Grey Literature: How it’s used at PHE 21 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. We gather: Practice Examples https://phelibrary.koha-ptfs.co.uk/practice-examples/ Impact Stories https://phelibrary.koha-ptfs.co.uk/stories/ We use as evidence: Items we find as a result of a literature search https://www.local.gov.uk/sites/default/files/documents/22.35%2 0Supporting%20young%20parents_05%20-%2027.03.pdf
  22. 22. Grey Literature: Searching 22 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. What we found: Good base – not starting from scratch. Didn’t meet our needs; we wanted more flexibility to account for multiple formats of grey literature. Jess Tyndall, Flinders University JBI CILIP / ILG
  23. 23. Grey Literature: Design 23 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. Ongoing! Virtual Journal Club and PHE KLS consultation Checklist Flowchart
  24. 24. Grey Literature: Why a flowchart? 24 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. • Too many options! • Not all questions are [as] appropriate to all types of grey literature • Including all possible questions would lead to an unwieldy checklist • Needed something dynamic
  25. 25. Grey Literature: Future Plans 25 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. Testing and quality control Launch to stakeholders Upload and make publicly available
  26. 26. Grey Literature: Demo 1 26 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. Website Blog Annual Report Dataset Video Thesis
  27. 27. Grey Literature: Demo 2 27 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. Annual Report Date Authority Does this item support other evidence? What value does this add? Objectivity Clear Aim
  28. 28. Lessons learnt 28 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy. If the tool you want doesn’t exist – invent it Have a support network of helpful critics Have a plan and realistic timetable Once completed, share – for the benefit of you and others
  29. 29. References CASP Checklists https://casp-uk.net/casp-tools-checklists/ CEBM Checklists https://www.cebm.net/2014/06/critical-appraisal/ Joanna Briggs Institute Checklists http://joannabriggs.org/research/critical-appraisal-tools.html AACODS Checklist https://dspace.flinders.edu.au/xmlui/bitstream/handle/2328/3326/AACODS_Ch ecklist.pdf CILIP / ILG CRAAP Test https://infolit.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/ResearchSmarter/Docs/CRAAP.pdf 29 I wouldn’t believe your radio: developing tools to critically appraise atypical materials and improve information and visualization literacy.
  30. 30. Knowledge and Library Services, Public Health England Thank you for listening! Any Questions?
  31. 31. Steph Grey Learning & Research Support Librarian Public Health England Email: stephanie.grey@phe.gov.uk Twitter: @StephGrey84 Trish Lacey Knowledge & Evidence Specialist. East Midlands and West Midlands Public Health England Email: patricia.lacey@phe.gov.uk Phone: 0121 214 9144

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