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Embedding wikimedia in the curriculum - McAndrew


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Presented at LILAC 2019

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Embedding wikimedia in the curriculum - McAndrew

  1. 1. Digital Transformation and Data Wikipedia:University of Edinburgh Ewan McAndrew – Wikimedian in Residence Email: Twitter: @emcandre Embedding Wikimedia in the Curriculum
  2. 2. How is your institution demonstrating its commitment to…. • Developing digital skills? • Developing information literacy? • Developing data literacy? • Developing open educations resources? • Addressing gender inequality? • Open Knowledge? • Open Science? • Public Engagement with Research? • Public Engagement with Collections? • Improving the impact & dissemination of its research outputs? Email: Knowledge knows no bounds! The future knows no bounds!
  3. 3. Tim Berners-Lee on Channel 4 News (March 2018) “We need to rethink our attitude to the internet. It is not enough just to keep the web open and free because we must also keep a track of what people are building on it. Look at the systems that people are using, like the social networks and look at whether they are actually helping humanity. Are they being constructive or are they being destructive?”
  4. 4. "The time has come," the Walrus said, "To talk of many things. “Facebook defines who we are, Amazon defines what we want and Google defines what we think.” (Broeder, 2016) Zuckerberg may downplay Facebook’s role as “arbiters of truth” (Seethaman, 2016) just as Google downplay their role as controllers of the library “card catalogue” (Walker inToobin, 2015) but both represent the pre-eminent gatekeepers in the information age.
  5. 5. “Wikipedia is today the gateway through which millions of people now seek access to knowledge.” (William Cronon)
  6. 6. The latest estimates by Crossref show that Wikipedia has risen from the 8th most prolific referrer to DOIs to the 5th (at least)
  7. 7. Why you can’t afford not to. You can’t afford not to.
  8. 8. It is widely recognised that digital capabilities are a key component of graduate employability
  9. 9. Wikimedian in Residence – Information Literacy & Digital Skills at the University of Edinburgh PGDE English and Media teacher Software Development MSc Information Management MSc (CILIP and ARA registered)
  10. 10. • To raise awareness of Wikipedia and its sister projects • To design and deliver digital skills engagement events • To work with colleagues all across the institution to find ways to benefit from and contribute to the development of this huge open knowledge resource. #OpenKnowledgeFTW As a truly global university, rooted in Scotland’s capital city, we make a significant, sustainable and socially responsible contribution to the world.
  11. 11. Melissa Highton – Director of Learning, Teaching and Web Services at the University of Edinburgh. “Hosting a Wikimedian in Residence (WiR) in a University has real potential to target empowerment in learning technology. If you put your Wikimedian alongside your digital skill trainers and learning technologists their impact can be significant.”
  12. 12. “Becoming a Wikipedia editor: Perceived Roles and Responsibilities” Research by Professor Allison Littlejohn
  13. 13. Factors that helped with establishing the residency. 60 Getting colleagues across the university into the room in the first place.
  14. 14. 185 STAFF TRAINED185 STAFF TRAINED 164 STUDENTS TRAINED 635 419 + 2 x Digital Sociology MSc 1 x Global Health MSc 2 x Data Science for Design MSC A 2016 study found at least 87.5% of students use Wikipedia for pre-research purposes and find it “academically useful” 4 x 2 x 6 x 1 x 1 x 3 x
  15. 15. Wikimedia in the Curriculum – WTF! 1. Reproductive Biology Honours. 5th iteration confirmed for Sept 2019. 2. World Christianity MSc - 2nd iteration was in 2017/2018 3. Translation Studies MSc. Now in its 7th iteration for 2019/2020. 4. Global Health MSc - Second iteration to go ahead in 2019/2020. 5. Digital Sociology MSc - Third iteration to take place this semester in 2019/2020. 6. Data Science for Design MSc - Second iteration completed in semester one, 2018/2019. 7. Intellectual Humility (MOOC) - Ongoing Wikipedia component since 2016. 8. Korean Studies MSc – first iteration confirmed for session 2019/2020.
  16. 16. ALSO 1. Introductory workshop with School of Law - first iteration took place in semester one in 2018/2019. 2. Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice (PGCAP) - one iteration in 2016/2017. 3. Online History MSc - one iteration in Summer 2016.
  17. 17. Further collaborations in discussion • Wikimedia for Online Language Learning as part of MSc in Language Teaching / MSc in TESOL. • Psychology in Action MSc - Citizen Science Wikipedia project. • Digital Education MSc - Wikipedia workshop mooted for semester two, 2018/2019 session. • Open Data project on the Management Science course at the University of Edinburgh Business School to be discussed this semester for 2018/2019 session. • Public Health MSc - Wikipedia project mooted for 2019/2020 session.
  19. 19. Timelines of engagement Data Science for Design MSc • Wikidata & Histropedia showcase at Open Knowledge Network events. April 2017. • Wikidata project on the Data Science for Design MSc in August 2017. • Repeated in 2018. • Witchfinder General hired in 2019 Reproductive Biology (Hons). • Sept 2015 – 3 students • Sept 2016 – all 38 • Sept 2017 – all 51 • Sept 2018 – all 25 • Sept 2019 – will be repeated for 5th iteration. Global Health MSc • Gender,Global Health & Justice editathon during Feb 2017 break. • Women in Anthropology editathon for Usher Institute researchers in May 2017. • 200 word assignment in the Global Health MSc course in Autumn/Winter 2017. • Public Health MSc
  20. 20. Ruth Jenkins – “We all know our students are using Wikipedia and we’re all using it ourselves so I think being familiar with it is a really important part of information literacy.” Academic Support Librarian at the Medical School. • Went from not knowing how to edit. • To helping others editing for work. • To editing herself for fun. • To preparing an editathon. • To learning how to train others. • To now taking to conference in July for health information librarians (EAHIL)
  21. 21. If it’s on Wikipedia, it must be true.” 60,000 views since September 2016 And she even created her own open-licensed diagrams too!
  22. 22. “SEARCH IS THE WAY WE LIVE NOW” GOOGLE and WIKIPEDIA • Google depends on Wikipedia. Click through rate decreases by 80% if links to Wikipedia are removed. • Wikipedia depends on Google. 84.5% of visits to Wikipedia are attributable to Google. • Google processed 91% of searches internationally and 97.4% of searches from mobile devices. (2011 figures). • Google has a “funnelling effect” – The sources clicked on are reduced to the 1st page of results 90% of the time. • With 42% click through on first choice alone. There is agency to Wikipedia editing
  23. 23. The new WYSIWYG Visual Editor interface makes editing “super easy”, “fun”, “really intuitive” and “addictive as hell.” 1. Headers 2. Bold / italic 3. Bullet point lists & Numbered lists 4. Internal links / External links 5. Citations & references 6. Adding categories 7. Adding pictures 8. Adding infoboxes
  24. 24. All edits are recorded in the View History tab in permanent links Bots patrol for predicable vandalism and instantly reverting these. Only 7% of edits considered vandalism study finds. Pages ‘looked after’ by editors volunteering on a variety of WikiProjects. 4 day rule for new accounts.
  25. 25. Changing the way stories are told (69% of our attendees were women). • The Edinburgh Seven • The Letter of 19 - women chemists who petitioned the Chemistry Society in 1904 • The Eagle House suffragettes • Women’s suffrage in Scotland. • The accused witches in Scotland
  26. 26. “You can’t be what you can’t see” Pale, male and stale – university environments The Brenda Moon room
  27. 27. World Christianity MSc – Wikipedia literature review assignment (5% of course credit). Representing a more holistic world view of Christianity
  28. 28. Translation from one language Wikipedia to another. Independent Study module – Translation Studies MSc assignment “It is very fun but challenging at the same time. I feel like I am doing something very meaningful. It not only helps me with my translation skills, but also makes me feel that I am contributing to Wikipedia, to people, to the society.“ – Student feedback
  29. 29. ”This challenge is not just for school librarians to prepare the next generation to be informed but for all librarians to assist the whole population.” Abram, S. (2016). Political literacy can be learned! universities universities
  30. 30. We can’t go on pretending…
  31. 31. Stories of student empowerment: Wikipedia in the Classroom
  32. 32. Email Wikimedia UK: Online Tutorials 1) Wikipedia Basics 2) Wikidata Basics 3) Wikisource Basics 4) Wiki Games 5) How to run an editathon 252 videos and video tutorials. Lesson plan WIKI RESOURCES –
  33. 33. 10 Reasons to work with Wikimedia UK 1. The new Visual Editor interface means Wikipedia editing is “super easy”, “really intuitive”, “fun” and “highly addictive”. 2. Anyone can edit Wikipedia but there are checks and balances to help revert unhelpful edits in minutes. (Only 7% of edits are considered vandalism). 3. Wikidata – Teach data literacy. Query, analyse & visualise the largest reference work on the internet. Surface and link your research data. 4. WikiCite – tidying up the citations on Wikipedia to make a consistent, queryable bibliographic repository enhancing the impact of research. 5. Wikisource – Quotations and images from long ago can still touch and inspire. Out of copyright texts such as digitised PhD theses can be uploaded & linked to from Wikipedia; enhancing discoverability. 6. Content Translation – Students help build understanding between languages while getting meaningful published translation practice. 7. The gender gap is real and working with Wikipedia helps address this as part of Athena Swan initiatives in STEM fields. 8. Develop students’ digital skills. The practical application of research & communication skills aid students’ comprehension and employability. 9. Surface your research & library collections’ material to Wikidata, Wikipedia, Wiki Commons, Wikisource and open them up to a global Open Knowledge community of millions. 10. “Search is the way we live now”. Engaging with Wikipedia helps develop a critical approach to its usage and to other online sources of information, helping research skills and combating fake news. Staff and students are already consulting Wikipedia for pre-research purposes (at least 87.5% of them) so why not ensure gaps in representation and inaccuracies are addressed? Because if not you then who?
  34. 34. Ewan McAndrew Wikimedian in Residence Tel: +44 (0) 7719 330076 Twitter: @emcandre Email: Our Mission The creation, dissemination and curation of knowledge Information Services The University of Edinburgh Argyle House 3 Lady Lawson Street Edinburgh EH3 9SH United Kingdom