Nt suffixes


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Nt suffixes

  1. 1.
  2. 2. Suffixes<br />
  3. 3. Suffixes are word endings that change the meaning or part <br />of speech of a word. Suffixes that can be added to form: <br />ADVERBS<br />AJECTIVES<br />VERBS<br />NOUNS<br />
  4. 4. To form adjectives, you can add: <br />(Verb-adjective)Adds the meaning 'that can be' or 'worth being' <br />avoid avoidablebend bendabledesire desirableadmire admirableflex flexible<br />-able/-ible<br />(noun-adjective)Connected with the stated thing <br />nation national<br />culture culturalemotion emotionalnature natural<br />-al<br />
  5. 5. noun-adjective)Connected with or belonging to the stated place, group or type <br />America AmericanRome RomansuburbsuburbanSagittariusSagittarianEuropeEuropean<br />-an<br />(verb/noun-adjective)Having the stated quality to a high degree, or causing it <br />-ful<br />power powerful<br />hope hopefulfear fearfuldelightdelightful<br />
  6. 6. (noun/adjective-adjective)<br />Connected with the stated country <br />BritainBritish<br />PolandPolish<br />-ish<br />(disapproving) being like the stated thing <br />-ish<br />baby babyish<br />foolfoolish<br />Used to add the meaning 'to some degree' <br />young youngish<br />red reddishshort shortishnewnewish<br />-ish<br />
  7. 7. (noun-adjective)Like the stated person or thing <br />fatherfatherly<br />cowardcowardly<br />friendfriendly<br />heavenheavenly<br />-ly<br />
  8. 8. To form nouns, you can add: <br />(verb-noun)The action described by the verb, or its result <br />wastewastagebreak breakagemarrymarriagespillspillage<br />-age<br />(verb-noun)The action described by the verb <br />approve approval<br />bury burialarrive arrivalremoveremoval<br />-al<br />
  9. 9. (noun-noun)A person who studies the stated subject, or who belongs to the stated place or group <br />historyhistorianEuropeEuropeanParis Parisian<br />-an/-ian/-ean<br />(adjective-noun)The state or quality described <br />brilliant brilliance<br />distant distanceabsent absencesilentsilence<br />-ance/-ence<br />
  10. 10. (verb-noun)The person to whom the action of the verb is being done <br />empladdressaddressee<br />interview oyemployee<br />interviewee<br />traintrainee<br />-ee<br />(verb-noun)The person that does the action <br />runrunner<br />employemployer<br />actactor<br />-er/-or<br />(verb-noun)<br />The device that does the action <br />cook cooker<br />time timergenerate generatorindicateindicator<br />-er/-or<br />
  11. 11. (noun-noun)The amount of something needed to fill the stated container or place <br />spoon spoonfulhand handfulhouse housefulbag bagful<br />-ful<br />(verb-noun)The process or condition connected with the verb <br />educate education<br />tax taxationadd additioncollide collision<br />-ation/-ition/-ision<br />
  12. 12. (adjective/noun-noun)Social, political or religious beliefs or ways of behaving <br />modern modernismconsumer consumerismmilitary militarismBuddaBuddism<br />-ism<br />(adjective/noun-noun)A person with a particular set of beliefs or way of behaving, or with knowledge of an area of study <br />extreme extremist<br />Marx Marxismeconomy economistscience scientist<br />-ist<br />
  13. 13. (adjective-noun)The state or quality referred to by the adjective <br />sincere sinceritygenerous generosityfluid fluidityacid acidity<br />-ity<br />(verb-noun)The action or process described by the verb, or its result <br />govern government<br />invest investmentdevelop developmentdisappoint disappointment<br />-ment<br />(adjective-noun)The quality or condition described by the adjective <br />happy happiness<br />ill illnessdark darknessclever cleverness<br />-ness<br />
  14. 14. To form adverbs, you can add:<br />(adjective-adverb)In the stated way <br />loud loudlyhappy happilycareful carefullysudden suddenly<br />-ly<br />(noun-adverb/adjective)happening at the stated regular period of time <br />hour hourly<br />year yearlyday dailynight nightly<br />-ly<br />In this case, the -ly form can usually be used as an adjective. <br />· daily newspaper <br />· hourly rate <br />
  15. 15. (preposition/noun-adverb)In the stated direction or towards the stated place <br />down downwardsearth earthwardshome homewardsin inwards<br />-wards<br />The -wardform can also be used as an adjective. <br />· downward spiral <br />· homeward bound <br />· inward-looking<br />
  16. 16. To form verbs, you can add: <br />(adjective-verb)To cause to have or increase the stated quality <br />fresh freshenblack blackenthick thickenfat fatten<br />-en<br />(adjetive-verb)To cause to become <br />-ize/ise<br />central centralize<br />commercial commercializemodern modernizestandard standardize<br />In British and Australian English these words are usually spelled -ise.<br />
  17. 17. (adjective/noun-verb)To cause to have the stated quality <br />simplesimplify<br />purepurify<br />solidsolidify<br />beautybeautify<br />-ify<br />