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Stuart Hamilton (IFLA) - Flexibility for better access: copyright Exceptions for Libraries and Archives


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Présentation de Stuart Hamilton (Director Policy and Advocacy, International Federation of Library Association IFLA) lors du colloque à Berne le 2 novembre 2012 sur le thème "Droits d'accès et d'utilisation des sources historiques sur le web".

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Stuart Hamilton (IFLA) - Flexibility for better access: copyright Exceptions for Libraries and Archives

  1. 1. Flexibility for Better Access: Copyright Exceptions for Libraries and Archives Stuart Hamilton Director, Policy and Advocacy
  2. 2. Structure• Take a look at the global context and power balance of copyright in relation to access to information• Give IFLA’s perspective on the problems that copyright is causing for access to cultural heritage online• Describe what IFLA is doing to address these issues
  3. 3. International Treaties Governing Copyright• Berne Convention (1881, recent revision 1971)• Universal Copyright Convention (1952)• The Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS – 1994)• Rome Convention (1961)• WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT – 1996)• WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT - 2002)
  4. 4. Lack of Balance?• Copyright Term Extension Act (CTEA) – aka Mickey Mouse Protection act (1988)• 15 new anti-piracy laws in the US since 1982• EU copyright term extension in sound recordings (2011)• SOPA/PIPA/DEA/HADOPI/ACTA/TPPA/ SINDE (2012)
  5. 5. • Wikipedia Blackout
  6. 6. The WIPO Library Study 2008• WIPO: 184 Member Countries• Located: Statutes from 149 Countries• 21 countries do not have library and archive exceptions at all;• 27 countries have a general exception solely for libraries;• 74 countries have exceptions for copying for research or study;• 72 countries have exceptions for copying for preservation provisions;• 67 countries have exceptions for copying for replacement of worn out originals no longer available for purchase;• 17 countries have exceptions for document supply;• 6 countries have exceptions for loans between libraries; and • 26 countries have exceptions for legal workarounds for anti- circumvention of Technological Protection Measures.
  7. 7. General NoneAngola Burkina FasoCape BurundiVerde Cameroon Cote d’IvoireCongo DemocraticDjibouti Rep. of CongoKenya GuineaLesotho Libyan ArabMalawi Jam.Mali NamibiaNigeria SenegalRwanda Seychelles SwazilandTunisia TogoTanzania
  8. 8. TLIBThe Treaty proposal covers:• Parallel importation (i.e buying books from abroad)• Cross-border uses of works and materials reproduced under a limitation and exception• Library lending• Library document supply• Preservation of library and archival materials• Use of works and other material under related rights for the benefit of persons with disabilities• Use of works for education, research and private study• Use of works for personal and private purposes• Access to retracted and withdrawn works • Orphan worksIt also proposes:• Obligation to respect exceptions to copyright and related rights• Obligations concerning Technological Protection Measures• Limitation on liability for libraries and archives
  9. 9. WIPO at 11.50pm, Friday 12th November 2010
  10. 10. Agreed WIPO SCCR Cluster Topics• Topic 1: Preservation• Topic 2: Right of Reproduction and Safeguarding Copies• Topic 3: Legal Deposit• Topic 4: Library Lending• Topic 5: Parallel Importation• Topic 6: Cross-border uses• Topic 7: Orphan works, retracted and withdrawn works, and works out of commerce• Topic 8: Liability of Libraries and Archives• Topic 9: Technological Measures of Protection• Topic 10: Contracts• Topic 11: Right to Translate Works
  11. 11. Slide Attributions• Slide 2: "Im not sure I can help you—all your issues seem to be copyright-related." - New Yorker Cartoon, Condenast• Slide 6: APC Mag,• Slide 8: UNESCO Digital Preservation Conference:• Slide 9: Bruce Willis hoax, courtesy of the Daily Mail:• Slide 10: The Orphans by E.C. Phillips,• Slide 18: Ebook Cartoon, Marin Independent Journal Courtesy of the Librarian in Black: 20110426__webtoon424ebook.jpg
  12. 12. Thank You!Questions? @IFLADPA
  13. 13. Argentina 20 Brazil Burkina Faso BurundiNo Library Exception Cameroon Chile Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Democratic Rep. of Congo Guinea Haiti Iraq Kuwait Libyan Arab Jam. Namibia San Marino Senegal Seychelles Swaziland Togo Yemen