Technology Transfer and Commercialization in Chile


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  • I find this a very good model for developing countries. I am currently doing my project on technology transfer and commercialization as part of my requirements for my master's studies in Technology Management at the University of the Philippines. I believe this paper can give a 'best practice' example for my project. Can I have the complete paper/presentation? Rest assured this will used solely for my paper and it will be properly acknowledged.

    By the way I am Ma. Elena Talingdan-Tabangcura, presently working as Information Officer of the Philippine Council for Industry and Energy Research and Development, an agency under the Department of Science and Technology (DOST).

    Thank you very much and anticipating your favorable reply.
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Technology Transfer and Commercialization in Chile

  1. 1. Chile: Fostering Technology Transfer and Commercialization Presentation at IFC-Technology Transfer Convocation May 14, 2009 Esperanza Lasagabaster, Jose L. Guasch and Tanja Faller
  2. 2. <ul><li>Summary of innovation work supported by the WB in Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>Support for innovation work in Chile </li></ul><ul><li>Study on Chile’s Technology Transfer and Commercialization System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diagnostic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommendations </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Nicaragua: Technology transfer- Matching grants Honduras: Technology transfer center; improving the national quality system Argentina: Creating linkages and piloting the creation of new knowledge based companies Brazil: Innovation at the Subnational Level Uruguay: Strengthening the supply side Chile: Strengthening Innovation governance; technology transfer and commercialization; and project support to the demand and supply side; M&E Mexico: Stimulating the demand side, pilot VC fund; and fostering public private cooperation Colombia: DPL-support to selected policy actions on STI
  4. 4. Innovation support by LAC <ul><li>Strong demand by governments in Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>Support tailored to local conditions and local capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Analytical work and fee for advisory services </li></ul><ul><li>Projects: Sector Investment Loans, SWAPs, Development Policy Loans </li></ul>
  5. 5. Chile: Support on Innovation <ul><li>Loan: Innovation for Competitiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening capacity of the Ministry of Economy and M&E </li></ul><ul><li>Redesign supply side programs </li></ul><ul><li>Technology extension schemes </li></ul><ul><li>Fee for Service (National Innovation Council): </li></ul><ul><li>Governance of Innovation System </li></ul><ul><li>-Technology Transfer/Commercialization </li></ul>
  6. 6. Chile: Technology Transfer and Commercialization Study <ul><li>Diagnostic </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations </li></ul>
  7. 7. Chile: A Diagnostic of Technology Transfer <ul><li>Competitiveness indicators strong but Innovation gap </li></ul><ul><li>Low outcomes: New products and processes; patenting </li></ul><ul><li>Low inputs: innovation investments by firms; R&D as percent of GDP; and human capital </li></ul><ul><li>Inefficiencies in input allocations and in transforming inputs into outcomes </li></ul>
  8. 8. Efficiency of patenting in the US relative to R&D expenditures (Source: Maloney et al. 2005)
  9. 9. Chile: A Diagnostic of Technology Transfer/Commercialization <ul><li>Gaps in the offer of technology extension services and inadequate demand </li></ul><ul><li>Weak articulation between the business community and knowledge centers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Differences in culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incentives of researchers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited attention to this market failure by policy-makers </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Chile: A Diagnostic of Technology Transfer/Commercialization <ul><li>Underdeveloped IP management culture and supporting institutional infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recent creation of independent patent office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to increase efficiency of IP registry practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inadequate understanding by the potential user community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gaps in IP incentive framework of universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weak technology transfer offices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very limited capacity in the private sector </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New knowledge-based enterprises </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public support but limited impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited “new deal flow” </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Technology Transfer and Commercialization: Recommendations
  12. 12. Building Dynamic Technology Transfer and Commercialization Models: Complementary strategies and multiple actors
  13. 13. Technology Transfer and Commercialization: Recommendations Fostering technology extension services; stimulating demand for innovation Developing strategic partnerships for applications oriented research Accelerating the formation of new technology companies Developing the necessary skills Nurturing universities “third mission” of contributing to economic development Fostering an innovative and entrepreneurial culture IP management: Improving institutions, regulations, practices
  14. 14. Technology Transfer and Commercialization: Recommendations <ul><li>Improving IP institutions, regulations and practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a strong network of TTOs at universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop Code of “Best Practices” on IP management by universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilot program to develop private technology brokers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulate the demand and raise awareness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase efficiency of patent office </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Technology Transfer and Commercialization: Recommendations <ul><li>Developing strategic partnerships for applications oriented research between business community and universities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leading economic clusters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leadership by the productive sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Critical mass to achieve impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move to a long-term effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alliances with international research centers </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Technology Transfer and Commercialization: Recommendations <ul><li>Accelerating the formation of new technology firms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis on creation of “deal flow” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve performance of incubators: linking public support to capacity and performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilot program to seed the formation of “deal flow facilities” that will become self-financing over time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sponsor public-private early stage fund </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Conclusion <ul><li>Long-term and challenging process </li></ul><ul><li>Public interventions can “kick start” development of new agents and help close market gaps </li></ul><ul><li>Learn from Monitoring and Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Evolutionary approach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapt programs over time </li></ul></ul>