Information Overload and Information Science / Mieczysław Muraszkiewicz


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II Konferencja Naukowa : Nauka o informacji (informacja naukowa) w okresie zmian, Warszawa, 15-16.04.2013 r. Instytut Informacji Naukowej i Studiów Bibliologicznych, Uniwersytet Warszawski

The 2nd Scientific Conference : Information Science in an Age of Change, April 15-16, 2013. Institute of Information and Book Studies, University of Warsaw

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  • Information Overload and Information Science / Mieczysław Muraszkiewicz

    1. 1. 11Information Overloadand Information ScienceM. Muraszkiewiczmietek@n-s.plWarsaw, 15 April 2013The 2nd Scientific ConferenceInstitute of Information Science and Book Studies, University of Warsaw“Information Science in an Age of Change”
    2. 2. 4My brain? That´s mysecond favorite organ.─Woody Allen
    3. 3. Man, save your brain!
    4. 4. 6Agenda1. Let’s … What?2. Information Deluge3. To Enhance Information Science4. Impact of Intellectual Technologies5. Remedy6. Instead of Conclusion
    5. 5. 77Let’s Warm up.Let’s Cool Down.
    6. 6. 1812-1889Less is more!1855, “The Faultless Painter”Robert Browning
    7. 7. 10John CageComposer of silence.4′33″
    8. 8. 1111Information Deluge.
    9. 9. 12Data generators and the Internet neversleep!— 40 Terabytes: Data generated every second from nuclearphysics experiments at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN.— 10 Terabytes: Sensor data produced by a jet every 30minutes of flight time.— People send more than 294 billion Email messages a day.— On Twitter more than 340 million tweets a day are sent.— People upload 864,000 hours of video to YouTube a day.— Google receives over 2 million search queries a minute.— 4.7 billion minutes are spent on Facebook a day.— 2 million blog posts are written a day.— 22 million hours of old TV shows and movies are watchedon Netfix a day.— …mid 2011
    10. 10. 13The growth in the internet, 24-hour television andmobile phones means that we now receive five timesas much information every day as we did in 1986.Every day the average person produces sixnewspapers worth of information compared withjust two and a half pages 24 years ago – nearly a200-fold increase. (mid 2011)─ Richard AlleyneScience Correspondent, The Telegraph300 Exabytes ─ An Inventory of the WorldsInformation. (mid 2011)─ M. HilbertUSC Annenberg School for Communication & Journalism1,200 Exabytes mankind created in 2010.─ The Economist
    11. 11. 14INFORMATION
    12. 12. 15— media— intellectual technologies— we !!!What/Who is responsible forthe information deluge and informationoverload?— we !!!—We !!!
    13. 13. 1616To EnhanceInformation Science.
    14. 14. 17Information Science is about developing theunderstanding and knowledge on how tocollect, classify, manipulate, store, retrieveand disseminate any type of information bymeans of any medium.
    15. 15. 18− Knowledge sharing (Open Access)− Information exclusion, e-literacy− Keeping abreast of technology advancements− Information science teaching (curricula)− Defining information policies− …Challenges
    16. 16. 19and …
    17. 17. 20Set up an alliance withcognitive sciences tocope with information overloadand save our brains!NewChallenge
    18. 18. 21Information Science is about developing theunderstanding and knowledge on how tocollect, classify, manipulate, store, retrieveand disseminate any type of information bymeans of any medium.Cognitive Science is about developing theunderstanding and knowledge on how tocollect, classify, manipulate, store, retrieveand disseminate any type of information bymeans of the brain.
    19. 19. 2222Impact of IntellectualTechnologies.(Brain Rewiring)
    20. 20. 23Can science tell uswhat is the impact of intellectualtechnologies on our mind andbrain?Question
    21. 21. 24Technology … is a queer thing. Itbrings you a great gifts with one hand,and it stabs you in the back with theother.─ Charles Percy Snow,Scientist and novelist,New York Times, 15 March 1971
    22. 22. 25Modern technologies …Their heavy use has neurologicalconsequences.─ Michael Merzenich,Going Googly
    23. 23. 26When we go online, we enter anenvironment that promotes cursoryreading, hurried and distracted thinkingand superficial learning.The net seizes our attention to scatter it.─ Nicholas Carr,What the Internet is Doing to Our Brains
    24. 24. 27─ email─ instant messaging─ Twitter, Facebook,other social networks─ chats, online forums─ blogs─ news sites─ phones & mobilephones notifications─ Skype─podcasts─mobile apps─internet radio &online music─videos─online shopping─online games─Internet TV─ebooks─…Scatters & Info Glut GeneratorsWe get addicted to …
    25. 25. 28Distracted from distraction by distractionFilled with fancies and empty of meaningTumid apathy with no concentration.─ T.S. Eliot, The Four Quartets
    26. 26. 29The real danger is not that computers willbegin to think like men, but that men willbegin to think like computers.”―Sydney J. Harriswriter, journalist
    27. 27. 3030Remedy.
    28. 28. 31— awareness of the potential threat— digital literacy• e-skills• information literacy• media literacy— information diet
    29. 29. 32Just as food companies learned that if they wantto sell a lot of cheap calories, they should packthem with salt, fat, and sugar—the stuff thatpeople crave—media companies learned thataffirmation sells a lot better than information.Who wants to hear the truth when they can hearthat they’re right?Clay A. Johnson, The Information Diet: A Case forConscious Consumption, OReilly Media, 2012We badly need medialiteracy!
    30. 30. 33
    31. 31. 3434Insteadof Conclusion.
    32. 32. 35The destiny of nationsdepends on the manner in which theynourish themselvesJean Brillat-Savarin“The Physiology of Taste”, 1826consume information
    33. 33. Thank you!
    34. 34. 37I’m afraid that the lecture and slideshave been a bit overloaded Off-the-Record