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Rti Act


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Rti Act

  2. 2. Right to Information <ul><li>A Powerful Tool for </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening Democracy and </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing Good Governance </li></ul>
  3. 3. Good Governance – Key Attributes <ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Responsibility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accountability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Participation and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Responsiveness (to the needs of the people </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Good governance creates an enabling environment conducive to the enjoyment of human rights and prompts growth and sustainable human development.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>( UN Commission on Human Rights) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Problem – undue secrecy <ul><ul><ul><li>“ Much of the common person’s distress and helplessness is traceable to lack of access to information and lack of knowledge of decision-making processes” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Official Secrets Act , 1923 throws a veil of secrecy on Government procedures </li></ul><ul><li>– Abid Hussain, IAS (retd.) </li></ul><ul><li>former Member, Planning Commission of India </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is Right to Information? <ul><ul><ul><li>Asking for and being given information as a matter of right is called “ Right to Information ” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The Right to Information is a fundamental right under the Constitution of India </li></ul><ul><li>Information is necessary to form and express opinions, dissent or support on any matter. It is therefore a part of Article 19 (1)(a) </li></ul><ul><li>Information is necessary for protection of the right to life and liberty. It is therefore a part of Article 21 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Status of RTI Laws on the Planet
  7. 7. Status of RTI Laws in India
  8. 8. An Introduction The Right to Information Act , 2005 (Passed by the Indian Parliament in May 2005)
  9. 9. COVERAGE <ul><li>Covers all of India except Jammu and Kashmir. </li></ul><ul><li>Covers central, state and local governments, and </li></ul><ul><ul><li>all bodies owned, controlled or substantially financed; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>non-government organisation substantially financed, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>directly or indirectly by funds provided by the appropriate Government (2(h)) </li></ul><ul><li>Covers executive, judiciary and legislature (2(e) </li></ul><ul><li>Includes information relating to private body which can be accessed by under any other law for the time being in force (2(f)) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Definition of ‘Information’ [S.2(f)] Centre for Civil Society &quot;information&quot; means any material in any form, including <ul><li>Records </li></ul><ul><li>Documents </li></ul><ul><li>Press Releases </li></ul><ul><li>Circulars </li></ul><ul><li>Log Books </li></ul><ul><li>Papers </li></ul><ul><li>Memos </li></ul><ul><li>Opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Advices </li></ul><ul><li>Orders </li></ul><ul><li>Contracts </li></ul><ul><li>Samples </li></ul><ul><li>Models </li></ul><ul><li>Emails </li></ul><ul><li>Data in electronic form </li></ul>-info related to any private body
  11. 11. ‘ Information’ and ‘Right’ - Definitions to inspect works, documents, records Right to information whose disclosure is in the public interest to take notes, extracts or certified copies to take samples to obtain information in electronic form (Sec. 2)
  12. 12. ‘ Record’ - Definitions Any document, manuscript and file (Sec. 2) Any microfilm, microfiche and facsimile copy of a document Any reproduction of image or images embodied in such microfilm (whether enlarged or not) Any other material produced by a computer or any other device
  13. 13. OBLIGATIONS OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES <ul><li>Maintain records catalogued and indexed-> computerization, networking </li></ul><ul><li>Publish certain particulars within 120 days </li></ul><ul><li>Publish relevant facts while formulating policies/ decisions affecting public </li></ul><ul><li>Provide reasons for administrative/ quasi-judicial decisions to affected persons </li></ul><ul><li>Suo moto provide information ->minimize need for resorting to RTI </li></ul><ul><li>Form of dissemination- easily accessible </li></ul><ul><li>In 100 days, designate PIOs and APIOs </li></ul><ul><li>Info should be free or at cost of medium only </li></ul>
  14. 14. DISSEMINATION <ul><li>Notice boards </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Public announcements </li></ul><ul><li>Media broadcasts </li></ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Inspection of offices </li></ul><ul><li>Other means </li></ul>
  15. 15. PARTICULARS TO BE PUBLISHED <ul><li>Particulars, functions and duties of the organization </li></ul><ul><li>Powers, duties of officers & employees </li></ul><ul><li>Procedure followed in decision making including channels of supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Norms set for discharge of functions </li></ul><ul><li>Rules, regulations, instructions, manuals, records used </li></ul><ul><li>Statement of categories of documents held </li></ul>
  16. 16. PARTICULARS TO BE PUBLISHED ( contd.) <ul><li>Details of arrangement of consultation/ representation of public in policy formulation or implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Statement of boards, councils, committees constituted as its part </li></ul><ul><li>Directory of officers and employees </li></ul><ul><li>Their monthly remuneration </li></ul><ul><li>Budget, plans, proposed expenditure </li></ul><ul><li>Particulars of concession recipients </li></ul><ul><li>Facilities available for obtaining information </li></ul><ul><li>Name, designation, particulars of PIO </li></ul>(to be updated annually)
  17. 17. Application Process <ul><li>Apply in person or electronically </li></ul>(Reasons for seeking information shall not be asked) <ul><li>Time limit for giving information </li></ul><ul><li>If information concerns life and liberty of a person </li></ul><ul><li>If information is given by third party then invite objections if any </li></ul><ul><li>No action on application for 30 days </li></ul>request in English or local official language deemed refusal add 10 extra days must be given within 48 hrs 30 days [Sec. 6 & 7]
  18. 18. Role of PIO and APIO <ul><li>PIO  provides information to anyone requesting for it </li></ul><ul><li>APIO  receives applications and forwards them to PIO </li></ul>
  19. 19. Functions of PIO <ul><li>Deal with requests for information </li></ul><ul><li>Offer reasonable assistance to applicant </li></ul><ul><li>Provide access-enabling assistance to sensorily disabled </li></ul><ul><li>Seek assistance from any other officer as considered necessary </li></ul><ul><li>For the purpose of contravention of this act, such other officer will be treated as PIO. </li></ul>
  20. 20. REQUESTS FOR INFORMATION <ul><li>Will be made to PIO </li></ul><ul><li>To be in writing/ electronic means (if it can’t be in writing, PIO will assist to reduce oral request to writing) </li></ul><ul><li>In Hindi, English, Official language of the area </li></ul><ul><li>Accompanied by prescribed fee </li></ul><ul><li>No reason required </li></ul><ul><li>No personal details required except for contacting </li></ul><ul><li>To be transferred to another public authority if pertains to them (in 5 days)  applicant to be informed </li></ul>
  21. 21. DISPOSAL OF RE QUESTS: TIME-FRAME <ul><li>In 30 days if direct to PIO </li></ul><ul><li>In 35 days if through APIO </li></ul><ul><li>In 48 hours if life & liberty at stake </li></ul><ul><li>If redirected, in 5 days </li></ul><ul><li>If not given in time, deemed refused </li></ul><ul><li>If further fees required, period between dispatch of request and deposit of fees will not count </li></ul>
  22. 22. Centre for Civil Society Exemptions <ul><li>Commercial confidence, trade secrets or intellectual property </li></ul><ul><li>Information from a foreign government </li></ul><ul><li>Cabinet papers including records of deliberations of the Council of Ministers, Secretaries or prosecution of offenders </li></ul><ul><li>Information which relates to personal matters, the disclosure of which has no bearing on any public activity or interest </li></ul>
  23. 23. Fees payable <ul><li>Application fees prescribed by appropriate Govt. (Rs.10/-) </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of giving information may be charged on the requestor </li></ul><ul><li>Requestor may seek review of the fees from the Appellate Authority if it is unreasonable </li></ul>If information is not given within time limit it must be given free of cost (Details of fees and how the figure was arrived at must be given in writing) <ul><li>Time between date of dispatch of intimation about fees and actual payment excluded while calculating 30 day time limit </li></ul>[Sec. 6, 7] <ul><li>Rs. 2/- per page ; Rs. 50/- per floppy , others and samples - actual cost ; inspection – 1 st hour free , Rs. 5/ - every subsequent 15min </li></ul><ul><li>Must be reasonable. No fees for B elow P overty L ine applicant </li></ul>
  24. 24. Who is not covered? [Sec. 24(1) and Schedule 2] <ul><li>IB & RAW </li></ul><ul><li>Directorate of Revenue Intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Central Economic Intelligence Bureau </li></ul><ul><li>Directorate of Enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Narcotics Control Bureau </li></ul><ul><li>Aviation Research Centre </li></ul><ul><li>Special Frontier Force </li></ul><ul><li>CRPF, ITBP, CISF, NSG </li></ul><ul><li>Special Service Bureau </li></ul><ul><li>Assam Rifles </li></ul><ul><li>Special Branch (CID) Andaman and Nicobar </li></ul><ul><li>Crime Branch (CID) Dadra and Nagar Haveli </li></ul><ul><li>Special Branch Lakshadweep Police </li></ul>Matters relating to corruption and human rights violations covered by law must be given Information can be given only if concerned IC approves Time limit – 45 days and any other intelligence or security organisation established by State govts.
  25. 25. Central Information Commission: <ul><li>An autonomous body to inquire into complaints received from citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>One can complain to the CIC if refused access to information or how the public authority has handled your requested, for instance; </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to respond to your request within 30 working days or failure to explain why an extension is needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to give you proper advice and help within the stipulated time. </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to give information in the form in which you asked for it. </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to properly explain reasons for refusing your request, for instance if the public authority believes that giving you information would harm a criminal investigations. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Penalty Provisions <ul><li>IC can penalise PIO Rs. 250/- per day up to a maximum of Rs. 25,000/- for - </li></ul><ul><li>Refusal to receive application </li></ul>[Sec. 20-21] <ul><li>Not furnishing information within time limit </li></ul><ul><li>Malafidely denying information </li></ul><ul><li>Knowingly giving incorrect, incomplete, misleading information </li></ul><ul><li>Destroying information which was the subject of request </li></ul><ul><li>Obstructing furnishing of information in any manner </li></ul>Without reasonable cause For persistent violation of the law IC can recommend disciplinary action
  27. 27. Bibliography <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>