ARGUMENTATION
DEFINITION: the act or process of giving reasons for
or against something: the act or process of making
and presenting arg...
Exposition
Thesis
defended by
Arguments
and followed
by a
Conclusion
Discussion
Two or more
opposing
paradigms
contradicting each
other, and one
argues for over the
others.
Challenge: a Thesis attacked by Arguments
Thesis
Attacked by
arguments
Thesis
Attacked by
arguments
Thesis
Attacked by
arg...
Different types of organization of
arguments
• Consecutive arguments
• Alternative arguments
Consecutive Arguments
• Opposing and complete positions are
presented one after the other in
separate paragraphs or sectio...
Consecutive Arguments
• Arguments 1, 2, 3, etc.
• Author’s opinion
Position 1
• Arguments 1, 2, 3, etc.
• Author’s opinion...
Alternative Arguments
• Opposing positions are presented in
the same paragraph or section.
• Opposing views are contrasted...
Alternative Arguments
Conclusion
Author’s view about 1 Author’s view about 2
Positions 1 and 2
Arguments in favour of 1 Ar...
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Argumentation

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Argumentation

  1. 1. ARGUMENTATION
  2. 2. DEFINITION: the act or process of giving reasons for or against something: the act or process of making and presenting arguments. http://www.merriam- webster.com Arguments are used to defend paradigms. Type 1: exposition Type 2: discussion Type 3: challenge Martin J. and Rose, D. (2008) Genre Relations. Mapping Culture, 3.7.3
  3. 3. Exposition Thesis defended by Arguments and followed by a Conclusion
  4. 4. Discussion Two or more opposing paradigms contradicting each other, and one argues for over the others.
  5. 5. Challenge: a Thesis attacked by Arguments Thesis Attacked by arguments Thesis Attacked by arguments Thesis Attacked by arguments Thesis Attacked by arguments Conclusion
  6. 6. Different types of organization of arguments • Consecutive arguments • Alternative arguments
  7. 7. Consecutive Arguments • Opposing and complete positions are presented one after the other in separate paragraphs or sections. • The author expresses his own point of view in a separate paragraph.
  8. 8. Consecutive Arguments • Arguments 1, 2, 3, etc. • Author’s opinion Position 1 • Arguments 1, 2, 3, etc. • Author’s opinion Position 2 • Final closure • Author’s point of view Conclusion
  9. 9. Alternative Arguments • Opposing positions are presented in the same paragraph or section. • Opposing views are contrasted internally. • The author adheres to one point of view and indicates which.
  10. 10. Alternative Arguments Conclusion Author’s view about 1 Author’s view about 2 Positions 1 and 2 Arguments in favour of 1 Arguments in favour of 2 Positions 1 and 2 Arguments in favour of 1 Arguments in favour of 2

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