Waste and climate change

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Waste and climate change

  1. 1. Waste and Climate Change By Christie Keith Zero Waste Global Anti-Incinerator Alliance Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives www.no-burn.org
  2. 2. Greenhouse Effect Zero Waste
  3. 3. Zero Waste
  4. 4. The Glaciers are Disappearing Zero Waste The Rongbuk glaciar in 1968 (above) and 2007. Rongbuk is the largest glacier on Mt. Everest.
  5. 5. Drought in the Amazon Zero Waste
  6. 6. Extreme Climate Events Zero Waste
  7. 7. Crop Failure Zero Waste
  8. 8. Global Emissions of Greenhouse Gases Zero Waste 2004 data in the 2007 IPCC, AR4, SPM, Fig 3
  9. 9. What Produces Methane? Zero Waste
  10. 10. Trashing the Climate Zero Waste Municipal Waste Dump or Landfill Photo by Gigie Cruz Photo by Gigie Cruz Sanitary Landfill with Landfill Gas Collection System under Construction
  11. 11. Zero Waste
  12. 12. Stuff = 42% of greenhouse gases in U.S. Zero Waste
  13. 13. U.S. GHG Emissions Zero Waste Source: US EPA, 2009, Opportunities to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  14. 14. Clean Energy Technologies? Zero Waste
  15. 15. Incinerators and climate: CO2 Pounds of CO2 per MWh 3500 3000 Zero Waste 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 Incinerator Coal Oil fired Natural gas fired SOURCE: US EPA, 2007
  16. 16. Landfills gas capture systems do not work as expected Zero Waste
  17. 17. Bali, Indonesia Recyclers vs. the Clean Development Zero Waste Mechanism
  18. 18. India: Recyclers are the Real Climate Heroes Zero Waste Source: Cooling Agents, Chintan 2009
  19. 19. Costs  Karlsruhe, Germany: lost €400,000,000 in 4 years Zero Waste  Frederick County, Maryland, USA: Proposed incinerator would cost US$615,000,000 US Energy Information Administration: it costs more to generate energy from waste than from coal, nuclear, or hydropower projects.
  20. 20. Comparing capital costs of recycling and incineration Recycling/Composting: Less Cost per Industrialized Nations ton/day Philippines, recycling collection and $5,000 composting Zero Waste India, recycling collection and composting $1,650 Egypt, recycling micro-enterprises $450 Brazil, recycling cooperatives $5,300 Recycling: Industrialized Nations Typical U.S. recycling facility $30,000 Incineration $136,000- 270,000 Recycling costs based on existing projects. Incineration costs based on World Bank estimates. Source: Institute for Local Self-Reliance report, 2004.
  21. 21. Zero Waste for Zero Warming: Solutions for a Finite Planet Zero Waste
  22. 22. Reduction in GHG Emissions: Massachusetts Emissions Reduction Recycle/Compost Zero Waste Landfill with gas recovery Incineration 0 500 1000 1500 2000 kg CO2e per ton of waste Source: Assessment of Materials Management Options for the Massachusetts Solid Waste Master Plan Review, Tellus Institute December 2008.
  23. 23. Zero Waste
  24. 24. Energy Saved or Recovered In Million BTUs/ton of material 80 70 60 50 Zero Waste Reducing 40 Recycling 30 Incineration with 20 energy recovery 10 0 Plastic #1 Newspaper
  25. 25. Composting in Indonesia Zero Waste
  26. 26. Large-scale Composting Zero Waste
  27. 27. Vermicompost Zero Waste
  28. 28. Animal Feed Zero Waste
  29. 29. Small-scale Biogas Plant Zero Waste
  30. 30. Zero Waste
  31. 31. Zero Waste
  32. 32. www.no-burn.org Zero Waste
  33. 33. Zero Waste
  34. 34. Mass Burn Incinerator Zero Waste
  35. 35. Zero Waste
  36. 36. Gasification Incinerator Schematic Zero Waste
  37. 37. Life Cycle Emissions Zero Waste

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