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  1. 1. EdupreneursDr.A.Prabaharan Ph.D Research Director Public Action
  2. 2. Background • Edupreneurs as a concept is yet to takeoff in the academic world • But it is in casual circulation for the last twenty-five years especially in the United States and other developed countries • International Academy for Educational Entrepreneurship mentions edupreneur on and off under the broad theme of educational entrepreneurship • Some other institutes club edupreneurs under the category of social entrepreneurship. However there is no elaboration about the specifics of edupreneurship
  3. 3. Definition • The concept of Edupreneur cannot be understood without tracing its mother word entrepreneur’s growth in the lexicon • Historical sources say that the Irish political economist Richard Cantilton coined the word entrepreneur in 1730 • According to the Webster dictionary an entrepreneur is a person who organizes and manages an enterprise with considerable risks” • Edupreneurs can be defined as educational entrepreneurs who plan, open and successfully operate educational services. In this venture edupreneurs thwart legal and illegal hurdles with consistent risks and crisis management skills. The enterprise created by an edupreneur can be for profit or non-profit nature. But with the aim of reaping a rich social harvest edupreneurs, innovate their educational services.
  4. 4. India’s Need • To distribute the education services equitably, edupreneurs are needed desperately in India. • The world can take advantage of India’s cost effective education if it is supplemented with desirable infrastructural facilities. • Neighbhouring Asian countries where there is no stability of government that in turn affects the educational system are hunting for the Indian educational services. • Unless a responsible and round the clock response is given the forced out students from stressed out countries will opt for other destinations.
  5. 5. Classification of Edupreneurs • Broadly, edupreneurs can be divided into two types – public and private. • The former is State while the latter is a private trust or society. Central, state and local governments can be categorized as public edupreneurs. • Educationists from social service organisations, religion, business houses, media, political parties and unrecognized sector fall in the domain of private edupreneurs.
  6. 6. Indian Triviality • In India individuals are not allowed to run educational institutions because of the national spirit that education is for non-profit. Hence a trust or society is only eligible to receive the mandatory license to open educational institutions. • Although individuals cannot open schools or colleges, many people operate illegally. The institutes run without mandatory government permission are commonly called unrecognized institutes. The number of such unrecognized institutes is in high proportion that is referred as unrecognized sector here.
  7. 7. Broader Classification • Religious edupreneurs • Social edupreneurs • Political edupreneurs • Corporate edupreneurs • Techno edupreneurs
  8. 8. Ten Traits of Edupreneurs • Passion for education change • Tech Savvy • Crisis Manager • Multi-tasking • Micro Management
  9. 9. Ten Traits of Edupreneurs • Human Resources • Pedagogical Innovations • Hurdle Jumper • Self Guidance • High Creativity
  10. 10. Edupreneurs in History • The 4000 years old history of Indian education has undergone major changes. It shows clearly the shift of education from private to public domain. According to Pawar (2004: iv), the genesis of Indian education can be divided into five distinct periods. • Vedic period (4000 – 1000 B.C) • Buddist period (1600 – 1000 B.C) • Medieval period (1200 –1800 A.D) • British period (1600 – 1947) • Post Independent period (1947 – till today)