Research method in operations management final

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Research method in operations management final

  1. 1. Lingga Wardhana (11P2155) M Farhan Lucky (11P2156)Novita Vilianty (11P2160) Prasasti Rinta Dewi (11P2161)
  2. 2. Business Theory Model Problem Conclusion Methodology Hypothesis Business ImpactResearch Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  3. 3. “Before doing your research I want to share my dogmas. Methodology is there to make it credible to the reader that you have planned and carried through your study as well as analysed and drawn conclusions in a way that we can rely on what you write.” Professor Christer KarlssonResearch Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  4. 4. Research Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  5. 5. The collection of information from individuals about themselves or about the social units to which they belong (Rossi et al., 1983) Exploratory survey research: Early stages of research into a phenomenon to gain preliminary insight on a topic, and provides the basis for more in-depth survey. Confirmatory (or theory testing or explanatory) survey research Knowledge of a phenomenon has been articulated in a theoretical form using well-defined concepts, models and propositions. Descriptive survey research Understanding the relevance of a certain phenomenon and describing the distribution of the phenomenon in a population.Research Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  6. 6. Advantages : Disadvantages : a. Relatively short period of a. Poor survey can undermine time otherwise well-designed b. Less expensive studies. c. Created quickly & b. May be not accurate administered easily depend on participant feels d. Wide range of things : c. Response rates can bias in personal facts, attitudes, random sampling past behaviors and opinionsResearch Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  7. 7.  Mail - An example might include an alumni survey distributed via direct mail by your almamater.  Telephone - An example of a telephone survey would be a market research call about your experiences with a certain consumer product.  Online - Online surveys might focus on your experience with a particular retailer, product or website.  At home interviews - The U.S. Census is a good example of an at-home interview survey administration.Research Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  8. 8. Research Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  9. 9.  Exploration: To build new theory  Theory Building: To identify linkage between variables, to find out “why” the relationships exist  Theory Testing: Testing theories in previous stage to predict future outcomes  Theory extension/refinement: To better structure the theories in light of the observed resultsResearch Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  10. 10.  When to use case research : when researcher wants to seek phenomenon happen in the past or current with primary or secondary data mining  Developing the research framework, construct, and questions : Building a conceptual framework will force the researcher to think carefully and selectively about the construct and variables to be included in study  Choosing cases : What is the ideal number of cases, longitudinal or retrospectives cases, case selection and sampling, sample controls  Developing research instruments and protocols : broad open ended questions for interviews, single or multiple respondents and viewpointsResearch Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  11. 11.  Conducting the field research : who to contact: better be senior in organizations for easy access to information, field data collection: usage of different methods to study same phenomenon, conducting interviews, single or multiple investigators, collecting objective data, administering questionnaires, recording the data, seeking convergence and clarification, determining sequence (cause and effects), challenges of observers bias, when to stop, summary.  Data documentation and coding : Documentations, coding  Data analysis, hypotesis development and testing : Analysis data within cases , hypothesis development and testing, shaping hypotheses, testing hypotheses, enfolding literatureResearch Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  12. 12. Reliability and Validity in Case Research  Construct Validity : establishment of correct operational measures for the concept being studied  Discriminant Validity : If the construct as measured can be differentiated from other construct  Internal Validity: The extent to which we can establish a causal relationship, where by certain condition are shown to lead to other conditions, as distinguished from spurious relationship  External Validity: Knowing whether a study’s finding can be generalized beyond the immediate case study  Reliability: The extend to which a study’s operations can be repeated, with the same resultResearch Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  13. 13. Research Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  14. 14. An interactive inquiry process that balances problem solving actions implemented in a collaborative context with data-driven collaborative analysis or research to understand underlying causes enabling future predictions about personal and organizational changeResearch Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  15. 15. Positivist Science Action Research Aim of research Universal knowledge, theory Knowledge in action, Theory building and testing building and testing in action Type of knowledge acquired Universal Covering law Particular Situational, Praxis Nature of data Context free Contextually embedded Validation Logic, measurement Experiential Consistency of prediction and control Researchers role Observer Actor Agent of change Researchers relationship to Detached neutral Immersed settingResearch Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  16. 16. Research Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  17. 17. 1. Action researchers take action 2. AR always involves two goals : solve a problem and contribute to science 3. AR is interactive : the researchers and personnel co- operation 4. AR needs holistic understanding 5. AR is fundamentally about change 6. AR requires an understanding of the ethical framework 7. AR can include all types of data gathering methods (Qualitative, Quantitative, Interviews and Surveys) 8. AR requires a breadth of pre-undersatnding 9. AR should be conducted in real time 10.The AR paradigm requires its own quality criteriaResearch Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  18. 18. 1. Consultant in AR mode required to be more rigorous in their inquiry and documentation 2. Researchers require theoretical justifications, while consultants require empirical justifications 3. Consultant work under tighter time and budget constraints 4. Consultation is frequently linear - engage, analyse, act and disengage In contrast, AR is cyclicalResearch Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  19. 19. Research Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  20. 20.  For teaching purpose problem in real life were simplified and formulated, we call it idealized problems e.g. inventory control problems, sequencing and scheduling problems, routing problems, statistical quality control problems and maintenance problem  Idealized Problem Imperfection : • Not the complete reality is included • Cannot be considered as predictive scientific models of operational processesResearch Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  21. 21. Quantitative Model Research : Survey Research : a. Rational knowledge generation approach a. Variables is not always defined explicitly b. Based on the assumption that we can build b. Relationship between the variables is not objective model from real life operational causal and not quantitative processes c. Relationship between the variables are described as causal d. Models can be used to predict the future state Axiomatic Modeling Research : Empirical Modeling Research: a. Driven by idealized model (normative a. Driven by empirical findings and research) measurements (descriptive and normative b. Explain about the behaviour of certains research) variables in the models b. Creating a model that adequately describes c. Explain about how to manipulate certains the causal relationships that may exist in variables in the models reality d. Assuming desired behaviour of still other variables in the models e. Heavily leans on mathematics, statistics and computer scienceResearch Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  22. 22.  Conceptaulization : design variables in the model  Modeling : defining relationships between the variables  Model Solving  ImplementationResearch Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta
  23. 23.  Please just doing your thesis! And get graduatedResearch Method in Operations Management – Class 21 B Group 7 MM UGM Jakarta

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