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Understanding OER and CC Licenses

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Understanding OER and CC Licenses

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Understanding OER and CC Licenses

  1. 1. Dr. Indira Koneru eLearning Department IBS India E-mail: indkon@gmail.com Indira.Koneru@ibsindia.org This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Understanding & T4E 2016
  2. 2. ??? 03/12/2016 2
  3. 3. Agenda • Understanding OER & CC Licenses • Exploring various OER 03/12/2016 3
  4. 4. Open Educational Resources (OER) • “Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching, learning, and research materials in any medium that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others.” (Hewlett Foundation) • Technology-enabled, open provision of educational resources for consultation, use and adaptation by a community of users for non-commercial purposes (UNESCO, 2002). • “OER include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge” (Hewlett Foundation) • Teaching-learning and research materials released with an open license to permit reuse and repurpose in whole or in part • Core of OER is how a resource is licensed for use, rather than the format of the resource itself 03/12/2016 4
  5. 5. Creative Commons (CC) License • Creative Commons founded by Lary Lessig et al. in 2001 • Provides easy-to-use open licenses for creative works • Provide simple and flexible licenses • Some Rights Reserved - authors reserve some rights & grant share, use, repurpose permissions 03/12/2016 5
  6. 6. CC Licences Four Basic Components Key Licenses 03/12/2016 6 All CC licenses require that users provide attribution (BY) to the creator
  7. 7. Most Open to Least Open CC Licence 03/12/2016 Creative Commons offers a core suite of six open licenses M o s t O p e n L e a s t O p e n 7 • CC BY Attribution – reuse, distribute, remix, repurpose even commercially, provide appropriate credit • CC BY-SA Attribution-Share Alike - reuse, distribute, remix, repurpose even commercially, provide appropriate credit, but distribute your creation under the same license • CC BY-ND Attribution-NoDerivs - reuse, distribute even commercially, not to modify material, provide appropriate credit • CC BY-NC Attribution-NonCommercial - reuse, distribute non-commercially, provide appropriate credit • CC BY-NC-SA Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike – reuse, distribute non- commercially, under the same license, provide appropriate credit • CC BY-NC-ND Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs - reuse, distribute non- commercially, not to modify material, provide appropriate credit
  8. 8. Adapter's license chart 03/12/2016 8 Source: Creative Commons FAQ
  9. 9. CC Ported vs. Global License • CC 3.0 earlier versions ported licenses are limited to local jurisdictions • CC 4.0 licenses are ready-to-use around the world, without porting 14/9/2015 Dr. Indira Koneru Facilitating online: A course leader’s guide Tony Carr, Shaheeda Jaffer and Jeanne Smuts 2009 This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non- commercial-Share Alike 2.5 South Africa License http://www.cilt.uct.ac.za/cilt/facilitatingOnline CC BY-SA
  10. 10. 1 Billion Creative Commons Works Source: https://blog.creativecommons.org 03/12/2016 10
  11. 11. How to attribute a CC Licensed Work! • Use the acronym TASL • Title – Copy the title of the work to be adopted • Author – Copy author’s name and web page link, if available • Source - Hyperlink the title to the original source / institution • License – Copy the CC license name and hyperlink to the CC license deed page • Flickr Image • Navigate to https://www.flickr.com/creativecommons/ • Find a CC-Licensed image • Click the CC Licence icon • Copy the Creative Commons license deed & URL • Copy the title and author name • Copy the URL of the image and author’s page • Open textbook • Navigate to https://www.openstaxcollege.org/ • Click the ‘Faculty link’ • Click on the textbook • Copy the License information 03/12/2016 11
  12. 12. OER Key Developments 03/12/2016 • Learning Object (Hodgins, 1994) • Technical Standards (IMS, LOM, SCORM, 1995) • Open Content (David Wiley, 1998) • Creative Commons (Larry Lessig, 2001) • MIT OCW (2001) • UNESCO Forum on the Impact of Open Courseware for Higher Education in Developing Countries (2002) – OER defined • Open Courseware Consortium (2005) • Open Learn (OU, 2006) • COL and UNESCO guidelines on OER in HE (2011) 12
  13. 13. 5 Rs of Open Content Reuse - to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video) Revise - adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language) Remix - combine the original or revised content with other OER to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup) Redistribute - share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend) Retain - make, own, and control copies of the content (e.g., download, duplicate, store, and manage) 03/12/2016 13Source: http://www.opencontent.org/definition/
  14. 14. How can we use OER? Use OER to: • enhance an existing course or offering by adding OER • improve existing materials by replacing it with OER • create new part of materials by using or re-purposing OER • create new courses by using, re-using and repurposing OER • assign OER-based learning activities to students 03/12/2016 14
  15. 15. Why OER? • Increase access to quality education • Save costs for students • Eliminate duplication of effort & reduce faculty learning content development time • Adaptation and repurposing build capacity (technology-enabled teaching-learning) among educators • Update and revise whenever required • Promote collaborative teaching-learning practices • Enhance institution’s and faculty reputation • Social responsibility (individual or organization) – “quality education for all” 03/12/2016 15
  16. 16. OpenStax saved students $77 million in 2016 • OpenStax textbooks: • peer-reviewed textbooks • in use in 2,500 courses • uses philanthropic grants to produce high- quality textbooks 03/12/201 6 16 Source: http://news.rice.edu
  17. 17. Sources of OER • Open Education Consortium • OER Consortium • OER Commons • OpenStax College • Open Textbooks, BC Campus • Saylor • Open Textbook Library University of Minnesota • Open Textbooks SUNY • Open Access Textbooks • MERLOT • Open.Michigan • University of Edinburgh • MIT OCW • John Hopkins OCW • Tufts OCW • OER Arcia • COL DOER • Open Education Europa • Open Learn , UK OU • CMU OLI • MOOC • Yale Open Courses • DOAB • DOAJ • Flickr Images • NPTEL • NROER • Spoken Tutorial, IITB 03/12/2016 17
  18. 18. Open Education Initiatives in India • NPTEL National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (7 IITs & IISc) • Virtual Labs - remote-access to Labs in Science & Engineering • IIT Bombay • ET Research Resources • Teaching Resources • Spoken Tutorial – learn FOSS (Free and Open Source Software) CC BY-SA 4.0 • ePathshala – (MHRD & NME-ICT) e- content in 71 subjects at PG level) • MOOC • NPTEL - seven IITs and IISc • IITBombayX • Partners • IIMBx • ISB • SWAYAM 28/12/201 6 18
  19. 19. Open Textbooks • OpenStax (Rice University) • BC Open Textbooks • CK-12 FlexBook® textbooks: open source digital textbooks • University of Minnesota Open Textbooks • College Open Textbooks: not a content provider, provides links to open textbooks • Open SUNY Textbooks: State University of New York libraries 03/12/2016 19
  20. 20. Open Courseware • MIT OCW • John Hopkins OCW • Tufts OCW 03/12/2016 20
  21. 21. Open Online Courses • Open Learn , UK OU • CMU OLI • Open Course Library • Saylor Academy • Yale Open Courses • NPTEL Online Courses • OERu • MOOC (edX, FutureLearn, Coursera, Canvas, Udacity, NovoEd, Moodle etc.) • Moodle.net: free content and courses shared by Moodle users with CC BY 4.0 License • courses you can download and use • courses you can enrol in and participate • ATEP CC BY 4.0 License • ATEP - Biotechnology Module A • ATEP - Biotechnology Module B • Guest access / download and restore on your Moodle 28/12/201 6 21
  22. 22. Publish Your Course on • To publish your course on Moodle.net, your site needs to be registered with moodle.org • Course Administration > Publish • Advertise this course for people to join • Share this course for people to download • Select hub – Moodle.net • Upload to this course to hub • Provide course publication information – Name, URL, short name, description, language, publisher name & e-mail, creator, other contributors, tags, license, subject, audience, educational level, creator notes etc. 03/12/2016 22 To be approved by the hub administrator before it appears in the course listing
  23. 23. Creating & Sharing OER • Share your own content as OER • Create content on MS Word / PPT • Add tags • Add Creative Commons license • CC License Chooser • Publish content on external platforms Or • Upload file to Moodle • Choose a CC license (file picker) • Add CC license with button and link to license deed in the description box • Display description on the course page 03/12/2016 23
  24. 24. Open Education Week, March 27-31, 2017 • Raise awareness • Host a local event / webinar • Submit a video about your open education work • Tweet highlights / benefits of open education (#openeducationwk) • Submit your event by filling out the short form by February 28th, 2017 03/12/2016 24

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