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002 ADG I: Building Components and Materials

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Building Components and Materials: Annotations and Conventions (Lecture presented at ICAD by Prof Omkar Parishwad on 31st August 2015)

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002 ADG I: Building Components and Materials

  1. 1. Architectural Drawing and Graphics I ADG I| 1201505 Building Components and Materials: Annotations and Conventions
  2. 2. Unit 2: Graphic language and its Components Architectural annotations and conventions for representation of various; Building Materials and Building Components
  3. 3. Structure of the Presentation..  Definition: Annotations & Conventions  Aim/Goal of the Presentation  Building Types: As per Uses and type of Construction  Components of a common Building: Detailed description of each component  Material Conventions for depiction  Plan, Elevation, Section in a drawing.
  4. 4. Language/Communication Annotations: Notation, Notes, comment, explanation, presentational markup.  A comment or instruction  metadata attached to text, image, or other data. Often annotations refer to a specific part of the original data
  5. 5. Conventions: Patterns or Rules- Punctuation, Grammar, Usage, Formatting..  A way in which something is usually done.  An Agreement Architectural Communication
  6. 6. AIM /Goal To realize the Architectural Standards for denoting a perfect and complete drawing.. Types of Architectural Drawings:  Illustration of an Idea  Presentation Drawing  Working Drawing  Corporation Drawing (for Sanctioning)
  7. 7. Building Types/Uses As per National Building Code, major building uses;  Residential Building  Educational Building  Assembly Building  Institutional Building  Industrial Building  Commercial Building  Storage Building  Infrastructure As per Construction type / materials, major building types;  Solid or ‘traditional’ construction  Structural steel frame construction  Reinforced concrete construction  Modular system construction  Portal frame construction  Composite construction
  8. 8. Components of a Building... Common Building Materials: Brick, Block, Stone, Concrete, Timber, Metal.. Other materials: Fibre, Plaster, Asbestos, Plywood, Block, Plastic..
  9. 9. Components of a Building... A Building can be broadly divided into two parts;  Sub-structure (portion below ground, transmit load to ground)  Super-structure (portion above Plinth level) Building components can be summarized as; • Foundations • Plinth • Walls • Columns & Beams • Floors • Doors & Windows (Openings) • Stairs & Lifts • Roof • Lintels and Arches • Building Finishes (Plastering, Pointing) • Building Services (Plumbing, Electrical, Water Supply, Sewerage, Utility..)
  10. 10. 1.Foundation Excavation, Foundation, Footing, Plinth, Column.. Foundation Types: Shallow and Deep.Section of a Foundation
  11. 11. 2. Plinth  Dividing line between substructure and superstructure.  Lowest part of Superstructure, above ground level.  30-75cm in height depending upon the locality/soil type.  DPC provided at plinth level to prevent moisture from rising to the walls of building.
  12. 12. 3. Walls  A masonry structure provided above the Plinth.  Two types: Load Bearing, Non-load bearing (Framed structure).  Provided to enclose or divide the floor space in a pattern and provide privacy, security & protection. Load Bearing Brick WallColumn Beam Structure
  13. 13. 4. Columns and Beams  A masonry structure provided above the Plinth.  Two types: Load Bearing, Non-load bearing (Framed structure).  Provided to enclose or divide the floor space in a pattern and provide privacy, security & protection. RCC Beam Structure RCC Column Wood Column
  14. 14. 5. Floors  Flat supported elements, dividing a building into different levels.
  15. 15. 6. Openings: Doors  A door may be defined as a barrier secured in an opening left in a wall to provide usual means to access to a building room or passage.
  16. 16. 7. Openings: Windows  A window may be defined as an opening left in the wall for the purpose of providing daylight, ventilation and vision. Window Types
  17. 17. 8. Lintels & Arches  Its over Doors and Windows in walls facility at safe transfer of loads to its supports.
  18. 18. 9. Stairs & Lifts  A Stair may be defined as a structure comprising of a number of steps connecting one floor to another.
  19. 19. 10. Roof  It is an uppermost component of a building and its main function is to cover the space below and provide protection from sun, rain, snow, wind, etc.
  20. 20. 11. Building Finishes  A Building is considered incomplete till such time the surface of its component is given appropriate treatment. It includes items like plastering, colour washing, pointing, painting, etc.
  21. 21. 12. Building Services  It includes services like water supply, drainage, sanitation, lighting, electricity, acoustics, heating, ventilation, Fire control, etc.
  22. 22. Material Indication..
  23. 23. Material Indication..
  24. 24. Material Indication..
  25. 25. Material Indication..
  26. 26. Material Indication..
  27. 27. Material Indication..
  28. 28. Material Indication..
  29. 29. Plumbing Fixtures
  30. 30. Two Storied Frame Structure.. Ground Floor Plan First Floor Plan
  31. 31. Two Storied Frame Structure..
  32. 32. Questions? Thank you for Listening…

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