The passing of the Bihar Reorganization Bill gave birth to the 28th state of the nation, Jharkhand on November 15th 2000 on the occasion of the birth anniversary of the legendary Bhagwan Birsa Munda. Jharkhand as a state is known as a vast reservoir of natural resources in terms of forest areas as well as minerals. However, in spite of this immense potential, it has not been able to utilize them properly and is thus counted among the backward states in the country. Its inheritance is considered to be one of the major reasons for this backwardness which is reflected in the development backlog over the years. The widespread unrest among the naxal community in recent times has further added to the problem. It thus puts a challenge before the state to provide good governance and to enable equitable growth and socio-economic progress. With a population size a third of Bihar and community-centered traditional ethos of tribal people, it will be relatively easier for the nascent state to pass on the benefits of growth to its citizens equally.
The present study makes an attempt to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the state, objectively using government's own data. Various aspects of Jharkhand's economy and the changes therein over time have been tracked to see the extent of progress in different indicators of growth and development. In each of the aspects, Jharkhand's status in comparison to other states has been discussed. Further, a comparative analysis of various districts of the state has also been presented. Given the importance of industries in engineering the growth of a region, a detailed profile of industries is done, identifying the largest and fastest growing industries in each district of Jharkhand. Latest available data from various government and semi-government sources have been used for this analysis. Since this study is the fifth in the series, data has been updated from the previous edition, where available.
The study is divided into five sections each dealing with various issues related to development. Section I is an editorial by Dr. Laveesh Bhandari examining the present socio-economic situation of Jharkhand.
The second section of the study studies the dependence of state’s economy on agriculture and the influence of NREGA especially in the year when large part of the state faced drought like situation.
The third section of the study explores the quality of governance, examines knowledge and communication base as well as the socio-economic profile of Jharkhand.
The fourth section of the Study deals with the intra state analysis where the districts of the state are compared and ranked. The fifth section lays out the industrial profile of Jharkhand identifying the key growth drivers of industrial sector in each district of the state.
The sixth section provides a comparative picture of the parliamentary constituencies in the state in terms of various socio-economic and infrastructure based parameters. T