Salinity mitigation in Junagadh:A case story in water resource management by Ambuja Cements


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This is a presentation from Ambuja Cements, one of the finalists at the 5th CII-GBC National Award for Excellence in Water Management in 2008

The awards are in 2 categories, Within the Fence for work done on minimizing the organisations water footprint, and Beyond the Fence for work done in the community around the industry.

This presentation was in the "Beyond the Fence" category.

We thank CII and the respective companies for giving us permission to upload these presentations on the India Water Portal website for dissemination to a wider audience.

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Salinity mitigation in Junagadh:A case story in water resource management by Ambuja Cements

  1. 1. Salinity Mitigation in Junagadh: A case story in water resource management by Ambuja Cements g y j Excellence in Water Management-Beyond the Fence g y entry for CII-Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre Award Presentation to Jury 16th -17th D 17th December 2008 b
  2. 2. Company Profile Cement manufacturing. 5 manufacturing plants , 6 grinding units, 3 shipping f t i l t i di it hi i terminals. Annual production of 18 million tonnes. Annual Turn over Rs.6,469.68 Crores(2007) CSR activities conducted through independent NGO- Ambuja Cement Foundation ( 2 ACL presentation by -
  3. 3. Overview of ACF Community development CSR conducted in approximately 700 villages,19 locations in 10 states. g , Impacting 1.2 million people. Issues: NRM( water & land), health, education, infrastructure, livelihoods, women’s development etc. Salinity iti ti S li it mitigation programme- one case story. Several water t S l t management programmes conducted in other locations as well. 3 ACL presentation by -
  4. 4. Over view of project Type of project Triggers Salinity mitigation- provision of Serious nature of salinity water for irrigation, drinking and ingress-poor socio- household purposes. economic conditions. Felt need of rural Where communities to deal with 60 villages along coast of salinity. Junagadh (Kodinar, Sutrapada g ( p and Veraval blocks). Target group Rural communities 4 ACL presentation by -
  5. 5. Key deliverables of Project Improving quality of water. Improving quantity of water available. Improving access and availability of drinking water. Altering agricultural practices to better suit them to regional conditions & increase profitability. Improving human and cattle health. 5 ACL presentation by -
  6. 6. Causes of salinity Mismanagement of ground water due to over-irrigation and water loss through high run-off. Inefficient use and wastage of water by farmers. Cultivation of high water intensive crops like sugarcane, banana etc. resulting in lowered water table and ingress of saline water into groundwater. Over-exploitation of ground water to meet needs of growing population. Breaking up of joint family system resulting in fragmentation of land, leading to rampant increase in no. of wells and extensive use of diesel and electrical pumps. High run off due to improper or inadequate water harvesting. Recurrent droughts. 6 ACL presentation by -
  7. 7. Project details Initial phase Participatory Rural Appraisals (PRAs) conducted conducted. Village level and individual meetings held to garner support and participation of community. Mass awareness generated generated. Plans for implementation designed along with community- traditional knowledge of community along with modern scientific and technological know- how of Foundation/Company. 7 ACL presentation by -
  8. 8. Implementation phase I l t ti h Initially piloted in 15 villages, then expanded to 60. Based on initial plan drawn up, water harvesting and conservation structures constructed in partnership with people, government and other agencies. Concurrent intensive training programme held for villagers to understand how structures work, their maintenance and benefits. Changes in agriculture promoted-through demonstrations- less water intensive crops salinity resistant crops micro-irrigation crops, crops, micro irrigation methods, promotion of horticulture, vegetable cultivation. Alternate sources of drinking water developed- eg. roof rain water harvesting structures, sealing of well bottoms, percolation & drinking d i ki water wells. t ll Capacity building of people woven into project through trainings, workshops, demonstrations, individual & group interactions. 8 ACL presentation by -
  9. 9. Map of intervention area A M B U J A C E M E N T F O U N D A T IO N W A TE R R E S O U R C E S D E V E LO PM E N T PR O JEC T YEAR - 1993 - 2008 IN D E X K O D IN A R T A L U K A 0 2 4 8 10 Km 6 L IN K C A N A L / R A D IA L C A N A L S P R E A D IN G C H A N N E L G IR F O R E S T S CALE V IL L A G E P O N D C H E C K D A M / W A S T E W E IR N A M B U JA S A R O V A R C U L V E R T (C R O S S D R A IN ) C H E C K D A M (R E N O V A T E D ) SIN P E R C O L A T IO N C U M R E C H A R G E W E L L M A JO R R O A D GO DA R IV ☺ ROAD ER ☺ R A IL W A Y L IN E ☺ ☺ ☺ R IV E R /S T R E A M /N A L L A E LO K B HA RT I P OND M HE SC SOMAT R) PT M ☺ ☺ TALUKA BO UNDARY (P R O RIVER AT UL G V IL L A G E B O U N D A R Y RE ☺ ☺ ☺ P R O P O S E D W R D S IT E S F O R T H E Y E A R 2 0 0 8 -0 9 ☺ S P R E A D IN G C H A N N E L / L IN K C A N A L K O D IN A R V IL L A G E P O N D ☺ R .S CHECK DAM S0DAM M ADH W AD BANDHARA R ECHA RG E W ELL CAUSEW AY BARDA BANDHARA A MB UJA PO RT 9 ACL presentation by -
  10. 10. Expansion phase Partnerships developed and proposals to expand to more villages villages. Government inclined to take similar interventions in other regions. 10 ACL presentation by -
  11. 11. Types of water management interventions Pond deepening & interlinking. Check dams on river Singhoda g and other seasonal streams. Conversion of mined-out pits into water reservoirs and interlinking. Sealing well bottoms (an innovation). i ti ) Percolation tank. Percolation wells. wells Well recharge. Construction of RRWHS. 11 ACL presentation by -
  13. 13. Special features of project Direct and active community participation Innovativeness- interlinking of water bodies as a part of mines reclamation. l ti Built-in long term sustainability. Government and NGO partnerships. partnerships Cost effective. River grid project at micro level. 13 ACL presentation by -
  14. 14. Project Impact Environmental Activity No. Construction / 153 Increase in ground water level in Renovation of Check p j project area by 30 feet. “Water has y dam /Causeway / reached levels seen three decades Dykes back.” Well Recharging 862 River flows till summer as against 3 Percolation 95 months post-monsoon. Tank/Village Ponds/ tanks/ Renovation/ De Access to drinking water. silting/Deepening Innovative land reclamation of mines. Percolation Wells 91 Storing 6.6 MCM of water. Construction of Waste 141 Changes in agricultural pattern and weirs / Culverts / Bori irrigation p g practices. Bandh Crop diversification-including cash RRWHS Constructed 2041 crops and horticulture. Increased crop intensity & increased Drinking water wells 60 yields. Over all agricultural productivity /Renovation of Saline has increased by 1.5 to 3 fold. Wells 14 ACL presentation by -
  15. 15. Economic Higher incomes due to crop intensity & introduction of vegetables & horticulture along with right technology. Increased profitability of agriculture.(3crops instead of 1) Cattle more productive, better yield d to i i ld due improved h l h d health. Women and girls able to contribute to economic activities due to reduction in drudgery of drinking water collection. 15 ACL presentation by -
  16. 16. Social Improved standard of living. p g Better health status-lesser cases of kidney stones & bone problems problems. Reduction in migration. Reduced drudgery for g y women and girls. Better education due to higher incomes incomes. Education for girl child. 16 ACL presentation by -
  17. 17. Challenges Faced People mobilization and over coming initial apprehensions. Issues of sparing land for construction of structures. Overcome Through discussions and participatory means. Technical T h i l expertise provided t people. ti id d to l 17 ACL presentation by -
  18. 18. Partnerships Community a constant partner Developmental agencies like Sri Ratan Tata Trust The Government of Gujarat Formed the Coastal Salinity Prevention Cell with SRTT, AKRPS(I) and the Government (www Government. (www. cspc org in) 18 ACL presentation by -
  19. 19. Sustainability of Project Training and capacity building of people. Mostly a one time investment with little maintenance and therefore minimum recurrent expenditure. th f i i t dit Informal groups of villagers formed to look after common water harvesting structures. In government supported projects, maintenance undertaken by government. 19 ACL presentation by -
  20. 20. We are water positive Ambuja plant requirement -200ltr/tonne of cement i.e. 3.2 MCM. Low water consumption due to three R’s-reuse, recycle, reduce. Total water harvested 30 MCM. Thank you 20 ACL presentation by -