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Atal Bhujal Yojana: Overview

To arrest the decline in groundwater levels, Atal Bhujal Yojana or Atal Jal - perhaps India’s largest community led groundwater management program till date - was launched in December 2019. This presentation provides an overview of the scheme, its objectives, key features, disbursement linked indicators and possible interventions.

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Atal Bhujal Yojana: Overview

  1. 1. ATAL BHUJAL YOJANA OVERVIEW OF PROGRAM GUIDELINES
  2. 2. Groundwater - Context 02 Useful for enhancing food and agricultural production through irrigation. 03 Intensive and unregulated ground water pumping in many areas has caused rapid and widespread decline in ground water levels. 04 Several attempts have been made by the Govt. of India for groundwater management. 01 Fulfills the drinking water requirements of 85% rural and 50% urban India.
  3. 3. Atal Bhujal Yojana - Objective “To improve the management of groundwater resources in select water stressed areas in the states of Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh – through community led sustainable groundwater management practices.”
  4. 4. Key Features ATAL BHUJAL YOJANA 8350 GPs, 78 Districts in 7 states Community-led sustainable ground water management Demand and supply side interventions Program for Results (PforR) Convergence with ongoing central and state programs Outlay of Rs. 6,000 Cr.; 50% contribution by The World Bank Identification of water stressed areas Implemented over 5 years (2020-2025)
  5. 5. 01 02 02 01 Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building Component • Expenditure on training and capacity building to strengthen groundwater governance. Incentive Component • Incentivizing states for taking measures aimed at ensuring the long- term sustainability of ground water resources. Challenge Method Adopted  selection of most appropriate sites  encouraging use of technology and innovation  commitment of stakeholders  speedy implementation  transparency and accountability  promoting competitive federalism C O M P O N E N T S
  6. 6. Components and Funds INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING AND CAPACITY BUILDING COMPONENT (OUTLAY – INR 1400 CRORE FROM GOI) INCENTIVE COMPONENT (OUTLAY - INR 1600 CRORE FROM GOI AND INR 3000 CRORE FROM WORLD BANK)
  7. 7. Disbursement Linked Indicators "Improve management of groundwater resources in the selected States" Objective Institutional framework & effective groundwater data monitoring Result Area 1 Public disclosure of ground water information and reports DLI 1 Preparation of Community-led Water Security Plans (numbers) DLI 2 Improvement in the rate of decline of groundwater levels DLI 5 Improved planning and implementation of interventions Result Area 2 Public financing of approved Water Security Plans DLI 3 Adoption of practices for efficient water use (hectare) DLI 4 DLI # 1 2 3 4 5 % Allocation of funds 10 15 20 40 15
  8. 8. Possible interventions underABhY Construction of major dams, large scale irrigation projects, recharge using industrial wastewater prohibited underABhY. Demand side Micro-irrigation (drip/sprinkler) Recycling of water Underground pipelines Crop diversification Feeder separation for irrigation power supply Pressurized irrigation Supply side Percolation ponds Contour bunds Farm ponds Recharge wells Vented dams Gully plugs Drainage line treatment (ridge to valley approach) Check dams

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