Participatory groundwater management model_Rahul Bokare_2013

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Groundwater- its history, contribution to agriculture & the importance of PGWM model

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Participatory groundwater management model_Rahul Bokare_2013

  1. 1. Participatory Ground Water Management Model -- Rahul Bakare Arghyam
  2. 2. Arghyam – “Offering”• Registered as a Public Charitable Trust in 2001• Personal endowment from Rohini Nilekani• Primarily supports the Domestic WATSAN sector
  3. 3. Vision : Safe, sustainable water for allMission : To support Sustainable efforts that enhance Equity in access to Water for all
  4. 4. India :the Groundwater Civilization
  5. 5. India is the world’s largest user of groundwater for agriculture 300 250 India has over 20cubic km/year 200 million irrigation wells. We add 0.8 150 million/year. 100 50 Every fourth cultivator owns an 0 irrigation well; non- owners depend on 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 groundwater US W.Europe Spain Mexico China India markets. Pakistan Bangladesh Sri Lanka Vietnam Ghana South Africa Tunisia T. Shah, 2009
  6. 6. Groundwater contribution to ‘irrigation’ Close fit NET AREA IRRIGATED (MILLION HECTARES) BY SURFACE WATER AND between NIA GROUNDWATER, 1951-2007 from groundwater and total NIA 70.00 60.00 50.00 NIA (Million HA) 40.00 30.00 20.00 10.00 0.00 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 YEAR NIA by Canal NIA from Groundwater Total NIA Indian Agricultural Statistics, various years
  7. 7. Stage of GW development: spatial distribution CGWB, 2006
  8. 8. ScarcityImpact! Quality Quality
  9. 9. Geologicalsettings – districts& states
  10. 10. Typology 1 Typology 3 Typology 4Typology 2 Typology 5 Typology 6 Hydrogeology based typology
  11. 11. Why strategise groundwater management? Mountain aquifers and springsMixed type – regions of intensive and extensive Deep alluvial aquifers overexploitation – quality issues Groundwater – uncharted terrain Underdeveloped groundwater, forests, tribal hinterlands Crystalline basement aquifers – overexploited; fluoride
  12. 12. Glaring gaps in Ground WaterMostly Supply AugmentationNo Demand Regulation hence over exploitationLack of Aquifer data and hence understandingDemistification for community participationLack of GW ParaprofessionalsAquifer mapping highly specialized function“Invisible” resource hence CPR principles difficult to understandLivelihood at stake hence sensitiveRegulations non existentDrinking water not given due priorityLack of policy on groundwater
  13. 13. Why Participatory Ground Water Management (PGWM) ?
  14. 14. Efforts towards PGWM in IndiaAPFAMGSAP Drought Adaptation Initiative (APDAI) WASSANBarefoot College, TiloniaFoundation for Ecological Security (FES) in Rajasthan,MP and APACWADAM with Samaj Pragati Sahayog in MP and withthe Pani Panchayats in Maharashtra on knowledge-based, typology-driven aquifer-management strategies.ACT in Kutch training local youth as para-professionalsRalegan Siddhi and Hivre Bazar model
  15. 15. Start of Pani Panchayat Movement Community level water management system; started by Mr. Vilasrao Salunke in 1974 after the drought in Maharashtra. Based on Surface and Ground water equitable water distribution System
  16. 16. PGWM PrinciplesGroundwater is a Common Pool Resource (CPR)Groundwater problem be clearly defined through anunderstanding of the resource and its usePrinciples and processes of management should cut acrossdifferent uses like drinking water, irrigation etc.Unit of engagement an aquifer and NOT AdministrativeboundariesLong term engagement with communityPlanning, management and monitoring to be executed bythe community with the support from external agenciesLocal knowledge and formal science should beprioritized… No overriding
  17. 17. The Agenda for PGWM Invisible Visible Private Common Property Resource Resource Supply DemandAugmentation Regulation
  18. 18. National Groundwater Typology Mountain aquifers and springs Mixed type – regions PSI Deep alluvial aquifers – quality issues Groundwater of intensive and – uncharted extensive terrain overexploitation MPA ACT Underdeveloped groundwater, forests, tri bal hinterlands ACWADAM Crystalline basementaquifers – overexploited; WASSAN fluoride
  19. 19. ACWADAM – Technical ACT - MPA – Para-Alluvium professionals PGWM Network PSI – Water WASSAN - Quality Watershed
  20. 20. PGWM Pilots Action TrainingResearch Advocacy PGWM
  21. 21. Thank You rahul@arghyam.org

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