DRINKING WATER
ISSUES, CONCERNS AND ACTION IN NORTH BIHAR




           Megh Pyne Abhiyan,
                 Bihar
The issue of drinking water in north Bihar has
 wide-ranging and multiple consequences
with direct and indirect impact on ...
RIVER BASIN MAP
ABOUT NORTH BIHAR
• North Bihar has an area of about 5.4   million hectares

• Playfield of 8 major rivers – Gandak, Burhi...
• 76 per cent of the land in north Bihar is
  flood affected and approximately 86 per cent of
  people depend on agricultu...
• The alluvial formations constitute prolific
  aquifers where the tubewell can yield between
  120-247 m³/hr
• The main a...
GROUNDWATER SCENARIO
      IN BIHAR
• The annual replenishable groundwater resource is
  estimated at 29.19 Billion cubic metre (BCM).

• The net annual groun...
DRINKING WATER CONCERNS IN
BIHAR is directly proportionate to the
        seasonal variability
FLOODS OF 1987
• 28.2 million
  human lives
• 23,852 villages
  were affected
• Crops over an
  area of 2.51
  million hec...
FLOODS OF 2004
         • 20   districts
         • 21 million people
FLOODS OF 2007
                 • 22 districts
                 • 25 million population
                 • 1.6 million hec...
FLOODS OF 2008




        • 18 districts
        • 4.8 million population
        • Estimated value of total
        dama...
Leading to PROBLEMS...
• Disruption of individual, family and community life
• Collapse of micro-agro-economy,
  restricted/stunted livelihood op...
I. Status of drinking water sources
during floods...
II. Water scenario during dry season...
Problems
• Absence of safe drinking water sources resulting
  in a myriad of health related problems.
• Groundwater contam...
Groundwater profile – CGWB’s perspective
 Fluoride (>1.5 mg/l)    Aurangabad,    Banka, Buxar,       Bhabua
              ...
GROUNDWATER PROFILE DEVELOPED BY
MEGH PYNE ABHIYAN’S PRELIMENARY WATER
TESTING EXERCISE
 District   pH     Phosphorus    I...
Panchay     Water       Year       Total      pH      Hardness      Iron         Nitrate    Ammonia        Fluoride   Coli...
Megh Pyne Abhiyan’s
            belief and commitment

• Exploring contextual, meaningful and innovative
  interventions

...
Safe drinking water during floods
TECHNIQUE AND
PROCESS
Districts      Number of      Number of        Total number of
                    community       individual           fa...
Benefits


 •   Access to safe and secure drinking water
 •   Minimizing negative impact on health well being
 •   Address...
Safe drinking water after floods
Water literacy
Dug well revival
District      Revived   Repaired   Total
  Supaul        13         2        15
 Saharsa        11         2        13

 K...
Adopting traditional know how
Way forward…

Profiling groundwater in flood plains of north Bihar
   –   Typology
   –   Developing hydro-geological-ecol...
Megh Pyne Abhiyan: Drinking Water in North Bihar
Megh Pyne Abhiyan: Drinking Water in North Bihar
Megh Pyne Abhiyan: Drinking Water in North Bihar
Megh Pyne Abhiyan: Drinking Water in North Bihar
Megh Pyne Abhiyan: Drinking Water in North Bihar
Megh Pyne Abhiyan: Drinking Water in North Bihar
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Megh Pyne Abhiyan: Drinking Water in North Bihar

2,665 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,665
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
59
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
71
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Megh Pyne Abhiyan: Drinking Water in North Bihar

  1. 1. DRINKING WATER ISSUES, CONCERNS AND ACTION IN NORTH BIHAR Megh Pyne Abhiyan, Bihar
  2. 2. The issue of drinking water in north Bihar has wide-ranging and multiple consequences with direct and indirect impact on various aspects of people life
  3. 3. RIVER BASIN MAP
  4. 4. ABOUT NORTH BIHAR • North Bihar has an area of about 5.4 million hectares • Playfield of 8 major rivers – Gandak, Burhi Gandak, Adhwara group of rivers, Bagmati, Kamla, Bhutahi Balan, Kosi and Mahananda. • 17 per cent of the total flood affected area of the country is in Bihar • 57 per cent of the total floods affected people in the country belong to Bihar. Out of which 76 per cent reside in north Bihar
  5. 5. • 76 per cent of the land in north Bihar is flood affected and approximately 86 per cent of people depend on agriculture for their existence • Excessive water logging – as per state government’s report, approximately 0.8 million hectares of land is waterlogged every year, 15 per cent of agricultural land is rendered useless affecting livelihood of 6 million people
  6. 6. • The alluvial formations constitute prolific aquifers where the tubewell can yield between 120-247 m³/hr • The main alluvial tract covers entire north Bihar and a sizeable area south of the Ganga River • The Terai soil is found in northern part of Bihar along the border of Nepal • Clay soil, sand soil and loamy soil are common in Bihar
  7. 7. GROUNDWATER SCENARIO IN BIHAR
  8. 8. • The annual replenishable groundwater resource is estimated at 29.19 Billion cubic metre (BCM). • The net annual groundwater availability is 27.42 BCM • The annual groundwater draft is calculated at 10.77 BCM with 39 per cent of groundwater development • CGWB claims there are no over exploited, critical zones and semi critical zones in the state • The Bihar Groundwater (Regulation and Control of Development and Management) Legislation was approved in 2006
  9. 9. DRINKING WATER CONCERNS IN BIHAR is directly proportionate to the seasonal variability
  10. 10. FLOODS OF 1987 • 28.2 million human lives • 23,852 villages were affected • Crops over an area of 2.51 million hectares were destroyed
  11. 11. FLOODS OF 2004 • 20 districts • 21 million people
  12. 12. FLOODS OF 2007 • 22 districts • 25 million population • 1.6 million hectares of standing crops destroyed • .73 million houses destroyed • Approximately 1000 human deaths
  13. 13. FLOODS OF 2008 • 18 districts • 4.8 million population • Estimated value of total damage is 21,643.61 lakh
  14. 14. Leading to PROBLEMS...
  15. 15. • Disruption of individual, family and community life • Collapse of micro-agro-economy, restricted/stunted livelihood opportunities and perpetuation of money-order economy • Continued existence on certain facilities despite its inappropriateness And the list continues…..
  16. 16. I. Status of drinking water sources during floods...
  17. 17. II. Water scenario during dry season...
  18. 18. Problems • Absence of safe drinking water sources resulting in a myriad of health related problems. • Groundwater contamination • Disregarded water quality issue • Forgotten practices of ensuring clean water • Forgotten practices of managing water at the community level • Centralized and uniform approach - Bihar seeks Rs 470 cr central aid to clean up groundwater (2008)
  19. 19. Groundwater profile – CGWB’s perspective Fluoride (>1.5 mg/l) Aurangabad, Banka, Buxar, Bhabua (Kaimur), Jamui, Munger, Nawada, Rohtas, Supaul Iron (>1.0 mg/l) Aurangabad, Begusarai, Bhojpur, Buxar, Bhabua(Kaimur), East Champaran, Gopalganj, Katihar, Khagaria, Kishanganj, Lakhiserai, Madhepura, Muzafferpur, Nawada, Rohtas, Saharsa, Samastipur, Siwan, Supaul, West Champaran Nitrate (>45 mg/l) Aurangabad, Banka, Bhagalpur, Bhojpur, Bhabua, Patna, Rohtas, Saran, Siwan Arsenic (>0.05 mg/l ) Begusarai, Bhagalpur, Bhojpur, Buxar, Darbhanga, Katihar, Khagaria, Kishanganj, Lakhiserai,Munger, Patna, Purnea, Samastipur, Saran, Vaishali
  20. 20. GROUNDWATER PROFILE DEVELOPED BY MEGH PYNE ABHIYAN’S PRELIMENARY WATER TESTING EXERCISE District pH Phosphorus Iron Nitrate Ammonia Fluoride Coliform Arsenic (> (Above (apl) (apl) (apl) (apl) (apl) 8.5) permissible limits) Supaul √ √ √ - √ - √ √ Saharsa √ √ √ √ √ √ √ - Khagaria √ NC √ √ √ - √ √ Madhubani √ NC √ √ √ √ √ - West √ NC √ - √ √ √ - Champaran
  21. 21. Panchay Water Year Total pH Hardness Iron Nitrate Ammonia Fluoride Coliform at name source tested (> (> 600 (> 1 (> 45 (> 1.5 water 8.5) mg/l) mg/l) mg/l) mg/l) sources Sarsava HP 2007 20 5 - 17 - 17 - 6 Dugwell 2007 1 1 - - - 1 - 1 River 2007 3 2 - - - 1 - 3 HP 2008 19 15 - 13 - 6 - 15 Dugwell 2008 1 1 - - - - - 1 River 2008 3 - - - - 1 - 2 Testing of water sources for Coliform contamination Sarsava HP 2007 23 - - - - - - 10 Dugwell 2007 1 - - - - - - 1 HP 2008 23 - - - - - - 15 Dugwell 2008 1 - - - - - - 1 District Water Year Total tested Arsenic source water sources (> 0.05 mg/l) Khagaria HP 2007 20 6 (Madarpur) Dugwell 2007 5 - HP 2008 20 14 Dugwell 2008 3 -
  22. 22. Megh Pyne Abhiyan’s belief and commitment • Exploring contextual, meaningful and innovative interventions • Structured intervention in terms of problems and plausible alternative solutions
  23. 23. Safe drinking water during floods
  24. 24. TECHNIQUE AND PROCESS
  25. 25. Districts Number of Number of Total number of community individual families rainwater installations benefitted harvesting system Supaul (2007) 96 86 13,505 Saharsa (2007) 72 94 14,300 Khagaria (2007) 51 1719 Approximately 1.5-1.75 lakh of human population Madhubani (2007) 94 - 6,923 West Champaran 28 685 6,808 (2007) Total 341 2584 1,91,536
  26. 26. Benefits • Access to safe and secure drinking water • Minimizing negative impact on health well being • Addressing gastro-intestinal problems • Developing a common platform at the village level
  27. 27. Safe drinking water after floods
  28. 28. Water literacy
  29. 29. Dug well revival
  30. 30. District Revived Repaired Total Supaul 13 2 15 Saharsa 11 2 13 Khagaria 5 2 7 Madhubani 8 9 17 West 1 3 4 Champaran Grand Total 38 18 56
  31. 31. Adopting traditional know how
  32. 32. Way forward… Profiling groundwater in flood plains of north Bihar – Typology – Developing hydro-geological-ecological arguments with regard to the present state of the groundwater – Highlighting the groundwater problems and establishing factors for its occurrence – Appropriate groundwater management practices

×