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Jago Mumbai (MCGM H-W Ward Meet)_Navin Chandra_2013


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A talk on the Good Earth development programmes of 'Jago Mumbai' that include water conservation, environment & domestic SWM.

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Jago Mumbai (MCGM H-W Ward Meet)_Navin Chandra_2013

  1. 1. Presentation AT BMC H/W WARD ALMs MEETING By : Navin Chandra
  2. 2. We are facing today scarcity of most of the essential goods and services, and these shortages will only aggravate in future; Food, Housing, Water, Electricity etc. Under “Good Earth” development programmes of ‘Jago Mumbai’ , we are particularly concerned with;  Water Conservation.  Electric Power Conservation, Propagation of Solar/Wind Energy.  Domestic Solid Waste Management  Environment. My talk today will be mainly on the above aspects with reference to Mumbai and taking the developments at the Sealine Society only as an example, though the above problems hold good for whole of India nay the World. It is feared that Half of India may go thirsty by 2030. !!
  3. 3. MUMBAI : India’s Commercial Capital – 2012       Population : 12 mm, Over 30% Living in Slums Density of Population : 22000 per sq. km. Shortage of Drinking Water : 800 MLD Shortage of Electric Power : 500 MW Domestic Solid Waste : 8000 MT per day Environment : Degrading Result : Widespread Poverty, Poor Health Conditions, Environmental Degradation, Difficult Transport and Security Issues. Good Earth Programmes of “JAGO MUMBAI’ Movement : Water, Energy, Domestic Solid Waste Management, Environment These are the areas where common citizens can play a significant role for improvement. We together must strive to improve upon today’s situation.
  4. 4. The WATER PICTURE in MUMBAI/MAHARASHTRA  The Ground Water Table in Mumbai is fast depleting – already over 100 meters deep at many places.  Some 7000 bore-wells exploiting the water table, but hardly any charging in the ground.  Lowering of Ground Water Level is causing ‘Salt Attack’ - - sea water seeping into the soil and making the ground water useless for drinking and corroding the building foundation.  On the other hand, due global warming, the sea level will increase in years to come.  Not much additional supply of water can be expected from Vaitarna and other schemes because of continuing drought situation in interior Maharashtra and pressure to divert water there.  Chief Minister expects worst drought in 2013 in Maharashtra in 50 years and has sought Rs. 2200 crores from centre in 2013 to fill the water reserves.  Such drought will also result in serious shortfall in food production.
  5. 5. The WATER PICTURE in MUMBAI/MAHARASHTRA Therefore, it is high time we all must take all types of WATER CONSERVATION measures on a War Footing :     Consume less Reuse and recycle Stop leakages (650 mld water leaks from pipelines in Mumbai) Use Drip – Irrigation and not Flood - Irrigation. Above all, there is no justification at all of wasting the scarce drinking water for non-drinking purposes, which accounts for over 40% of the total water consumption, when many others are not getting water to drink.
  6. 6. The WATER PICTURE in MUMBAI/MAHARASHTRA Desalination of Sea Water is not the answer due high power consumption and disposal of salt-sediments. Cloud Seeding is very costly and the result is uncertain. The Practical, low-cost and high yield conservation methods of Water in order of priority are :  Rain Water Harvesting.  Gray bath-room and waste water recycling.  STP and ETP.
  7. 7. RWH POTENTIAL IN MUMBAI Area of Mumbai = 437 Sq. Km. Annual average rainfall = 2000 mm Total Rain water falling over Mumbai = 874,000 million litres Or = 2395 mld This is about 3 times the present shortage of water in Mumbai. TARGET BY 2014 i. At least 50% of the Mumbai Societies do RWH. ii. No Bore-wells without RWH. iii. Stop use of Drinking water for non-drinking purposes. RESULT No water shortage, Mumbai will have plenty of water round the clock and can even help other areas which are short of water
  8. 8.        ‘Jago Mumbai ‘ EFFORTS ON WATER MANAGEMENT We are assisted mainly by 2 Engg. Contractors engaged in Water Management for several years now. Osmosis Autopump India Pvt. Ltd. Waterwise Systems Over 20 RWH Systems installed in Mumbai in the last few years with good results - - 6 in Khar/Bandra area. A few examples cited here. After ‘Satyamev Jayate’ TV Programme in July 2012, We received over 200 RWH inquiries from all over India - - Mumbai, Pune, Nashik, Kolhapur, Goa, Gujarat, Delhi and Punjab etc. Our team is following up over 100 such inquiries, studying and giving them suggestions/proposals free of any cost to them. But only 3 of them have adopted actual installation. Our follow-up continues. We request all ALMs and BMC to propagate and encourage Rain and Grey water harvesting/recycling.
  9. 9. The SEALINE STORY Good Earth Programmes Sealine CHS is a small society having 10 Flats on 7 Storeys in Khar (West), Over the past 6 years we have developed and installed the following Schemes:      Domestic Solid Waste Segregation and in-house Vermi-Composting Rain Water Harvesting Solar Power Solar Hot Water Wind Mill - 2005 - 2006 - 2007 - 2007 - 2010 The investment made totaling about Rs. 20 lakh in the first 4 projects (except in case of the wind-mill) has already been paid back and those facilities are f.o.c. now.
  10. 10. RAIN WATER HARVESTING SYSTEM AT SEALINE AA Sealine’s Water Requirement : Need Get Shortfall KL/Year 6000 5000 max 1000 BB Plot Area 700 sq. mt. Terrace 220 sq. mt. CC RWH Estimates : Rain Water from Rooftop & Ground Rain Water from Road 3 ex Pali Hill Charged into Ground Addl. Ingress, Ringwell Est Total Charge into Ground Water Pumped out for Non-drinking purposes Litres per year 5,00,000 5,00,000 10,00,000 1,00,000 11,00,000 1,00,000 (9% only) Only Unfilterd bore-well water is used for non-drinking purposes
  11. 11. RAIN WATER HARVESTING SYSTEM AT SEALINE DD Sealine Water Table : 1 – 3 metres EE We also have a small water – treatment plant. When required, the bore-well water is treated and filtered by R. O. to make it potable. FF We do not need any tankers of Water; instead we sometimes supply water to the neighbours.
  12. 12. RAIN WATER HARVESTING SYSTEM AT SEALINE Rain water from roof put into 6ft deep 70ft long bare-bottom trench with a bed of sand and pebbles etc. For charging into ground water
  13. 13. RAIN WATER HARVESTING SYSTEM AT SEALINE From Trench to Filters to remove dirt
  14. 14. RAIN WATER HARVESTING SYSTEM AT SEALINE 2 mtrs. dia x 3 mtrs. deep ring well and bore-well
  15. 15. RAIN WATER HARVESTING SYSTEM AT SEALINE Bore-Well water used for gardening and other non-drinking purposes
  16. 16. RAIN WATER HARVESTING SYSTEM AT SEALINE Bore-Well water O/H tanks connected to all the flats.
  17. 17. RAIN WATER HARVESTING SYSTEM AT SEALINE Bore-Well water treated and filtered to make it Suitable for Drinking
  18. 18. SOLAR POWER PACK & WIND MILL AT SEALINE First PV installation was done in 2006 and we soon completed 3 other installations ( space problem ) in 2007 to a total capacity of 2.2 KWH per day  All the lights in the common area of Sealine are lit with Solar power. We have also provided 1-2 lights in each flat. We never have a black-out in Sealine.  All these lights have been replaced with LED tubes and bulbs which has reduced the electrical consumption a lot.  As the solar PV production and efficiency goes down during the monsoon, we installed a Wind-Mill in 2010. The higher wind velocity during the monsoon compensates for the loss of PV production. 
  19. 19. SOLAR POWER PACK & WIND MILL AT SEALINE Sealine now has : Solar Power Wind – Mill Total KWH/Day 2.2 1.8 4.0
  20. 20. SOLAR HOT WATER SYSTEM AT SEALINE  Capacity : 2000 Litres/day  16 Panels heat water upto 50-70 deg. C  Hot water is supplied to 30 bath-rooms in Sealine  Geysers not used in Sealine
  21. 21. SEALINE – SAVINGS DUE USE OF SOLAR ENERGY AA SOLAR HYBRID POWER INSTALLATION : 1.Production : 22 Units /per day 2.Value at present power tariff of Rs. 10.79/KW = Rs. 237.38 / day 3.Or Rs. 85.500/year BB SOLAR HOT WATER : 1.2000 litres day at 40 deg. C (actually it gives at 50 – 70 deg C) 2.2000 x 40 / 650 = 123 units of power per day 3.X 10.79/unit = Rs. 1327.17 / day 4.Or Rs. 4,85,000/- per year. CC POWER SAVED DUE LED : 1.Reduction in power consumption = 70 KWH 2.Value at present power tariff = Rs. 2,71,908/- per year Total yearly saving = Rs. 8,42,408/- DD CARBON FOOTPRINTS : 1.Total Power Units Saved per year Power – 25,199 Hot Water – 44,900 Total – 70,099 2. Or CO 2 at 40 gm per unit = 2804 kg per year
  22. 22. DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT  Mumbai produces about 8000 MT/Day of Domestic Solid Waste, of which some 5000 MT is the Wet Waste. This excludes the e-waste and the building – construction waste etc.  Huge task and high cost of collection, transport and dumping such increasing quality of waste. All the dumping grounds like Deonar, Kanjurmarg etc are overflowing --- causing pollution and misery to the citizens.  Only Practical Long-Term Solution : a.Segregate the Waste. Compost the wet waste within the Society/Mohalla/Ward. This will reduce the quantity to 1/10 th and convert it into useful manure. b.Dry Waste is further segregated and recycled for reuse. c.Waste-to-Electricity plants ( like the pune waste plant ) are installed. About 70 MT of waste can generate 1 MW of electricity. Sealine Society is composting the wet waste in-house --- ‘Marinisha’ Award winner.
  23. 23. VERMI-COMPOSTING – AT SEALINE Wet waste put in the covered pits having worms. Ready as compost in 8-10 weeks. No odour, No insects
  24. 24. WET BIODEGRADABLE WASTE DISPOSAL  For the first time, 100% Biodegradable Trash Bags of good Quality are now available in Mumbai from Avantika Bioplast.  Wet waste packed in such bags can be sent straight to the dumping ground –  No need for any segregation again.  No Spillage.  Clean operation, no odour.  Speedier transport at lower cost.  But due Imported raw material and low production, present cost per bag is high around Rs. 5/- per bag. BMC can benefit on the total operation even if they heavily subsidize the biodegradable Trash Bags.
  25. 25. For H/W Ward  ‘Jago Mumbai’ requests BMC and all the ALMs to propagate and encourage.  Rain water Harvesting – Save drinking water and give it to the needy thirsty people.  Solar Power and Hot water – Save Money, Save Environment.  Domestic Solid Waste Management segregate and compost the wet waste. Recycle the Dry waste, Keep Mumbai clean.  Protect Environment.  BMC  Facilitate permission for RWH, but no bore-wells without RWH.  Give incentives to encourage the societies adopting these developments. A Rupee spent by you will save you Rs. 10/ While citizens should segregate and compost the domestic wet waste, its long-term solution lies in installation of several waste-to-electricity plants around Mumbai. 70MT of waste can generate 1 MW of electricity.  Tell us Whoever is keen and interested in these essential developments and we will be pleased to assist them.
  26. 26. UPRA OTHER COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS  ECO-GARDEN  Equipped with Children play area, Solar power & Composting.  Gray water from Bath-rooms of adjoining buildings will be harvested/recycled and cleaned by Reed-bed system and used for irrigation of the Garden. Saving 5000 litres/day of drinking water from BMC.  Girl Child ‘BETI’ – Save & Educate :  Supports education and vocational training of poor deserving girls. 28 girls in 2012-13, Plan for 30 girls in 2013-14. WE SOLICIT CONTRIBUTION FROM ALL ( IT concession available under section 80G )
  27. 27. UPRA OTHER COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS  90.8 FM ‘Jago Mumbai’ Community Radio :  A Strong Communication tool for Socio-Civic Development.  UPRA was the only ALM in Mumbai operating CRS for about 3 years till Jan 2013. 12 Hrs. per day and also streaming on internet. Very useful and popular.  But presently suspended due expiry of premises-lease and lack of adequate funds. We need a place free of cost.
  28. 28. ‘JAGO MUMBAI’ RADIO PROGRAMMES for COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN H/W WARD 1.Clean-n –Green Mumbai. 2.Water Conservation, Rain Water Harvesting. 3.Conservation of Electricity, Propagation of Solar/Wind Energy. 4.Domestic Solid Waste Management. 5.Controlled use and recovery of Plastics. 6.Protection of Environment, Tree Planting, Saving of Mangroves, etc. 7.Awareness against common ‘Life-Style’ diseases like Malaria, Dengue, H1N1, Diabetes, BP etc. 8.Common Security and anti-terrorist Precautions for Citizens. 9.Help to Govt. in Disaster Management. 10.Cultural Programmes for Unity and Amity among the People. WE NEED “OUT – OF THE – BOX’ DECISION AND ASSISTANCE FROM BMC ALLOCATE THE LAND AND CONSTRUCT A SMALL COMMUNITY CENTRE TO HAVE : The above Radio Station. Small public Library and Meeting Place to conduct the Development Activities. Assistance to Destitute Women and Children. Supervise and conduct the Eco-Garden activities