Jharkhand's performance in the TSC_ Shardendu Narayan (WSM)_2012
SUCCESS IS NOT ABOUT DOINGDIFFERENT THINGSIT IS DOING THE SAME THING DIFFERENTLY-WITH CONVICTION, EMPATHY & PASSION!Shardendu NarayanEngineer –In –Chief cum Member SecretaryState Water & Sanitation Mission,Ranchi, Jharkhand
CLTS Ownership of the campaign to the community No Top down approach. Primary stake holders are informed, empowered to take the decision about the very fate of any project.
Successful intervention• Empowering Panchayati Raj.• Empowering Women Participation.• Understanding community and its need of sanitation.• Interaction with Community.• CLTS Approach.• Opinion Building.• Emerging of Natural Leaders.• Follow up
First ApproachTo understand the socio political economy of thevillage.Five NGO members visit to interact with thecommunity and influential persons of the village.Winning confidence of PRIs and tribal chieftainDiscussion about the project and its benefit tocommunity / better and healthy lifeCommunity mobilization for the triggering exercise
Opinion BuildingIn village gathering PRA activities is being carried outMobilization of villagersVillage mappingVarious triggering tools were used to acknowledge the unsafeand bad defecation practice
TRIGGERING TOOLS •Walk of shame •Quantification of human excreta left in open/day •Path of fly •Foul air-water-food •Creation of sense of disgust among villagers •Understanding of heavy social and economic price of open defecation Demand Generation
Identification of natural leadersDuring the trigger session, the villagers are convinced enough tovoluntary display the desire to change this situation.This interaction is also used to identify the natural leaders of thecommunity.
Follow upsThese natural leaders becamethe ambassadors of theprogramme.This whole process set the ballrolling followed by theorientation programme ofmotivators, natural leaders andmotivators.
After 50% HH constructed andused ToiletsAll the household weredivided in three categories-MANUSHYA, BILLI ANDSUWAR (Human, Cat & Pig). Follow ups
Follow upsChart displayed on aprominent place.The natural leaders with thehelp of team membersstarted conducting smallmeeting with the families inthe last two categories towork as a catalyst forchange.Cat/Pig category familieswere desperate to changetheir status from the last twocategories to the firstcategory.
Different IEC activitiesThis process got lot ofimpetus with the participationof kids.The team went to villageschools to talk about thesanitation and later the samekids became a party to thiswhole campaign byparticipating in rally as well asparticipating in different otherIEC activities.
Different IEC activitiesAs a part of IEC activities wallwriting was organized in all thevillages where these triggeringactivities were conducted. Theslogans were either in Santhalior in colloquial Hindi so that themessage reaches to thestakeholders.It was followed by streettheatres and other IEC tools togive impetus to the movementand promoting healthy habits.
Basket-IEC activities IEC Tools Discription Chakmakati Gari Message on local transport Door Rahe Bimari (Rikshaw, TSR, Bus etc.) Jamghat Weekly Village Haat Meeting Namaskar Door to door visit Ghoomti Mobile van with video display Pradarshini component Street theatre Skits and drama in villages and other locations Jyoti Juloos Candle procession by children Munaadi Verbal announcement with drums Jankari A written quiz on FAQs about Sanitation & Hygiene issues Wall Painting Participatory wall-writing in villages Cultural/ religious Campaign in big crowd gathering Folk dances Tradition media intervention at construction sites
Community MonitoringOnce all the toilets wereconstructed the villagechieftain called anothermeeting to impress uponthe villagers to start usingthe toilet religiously.To ensure that defecation inthe open is being stopped,community took thing in itsown hand by forming watchcommittee.
Success AchievedThis whole exercise made aremarkable impact andcreated a buzz in thedistrict.In this whole period thethree villages, Asanbani,Amlagarhi and Rajbandhachieved Open DefecationFree environment.
Challenges faced• Defecation in the open was a norm and there was hardly any home, which was having even a makeshift toilet. It required lot of patience and empathy to engage the villagers in any sort of discussion.• The accessibility was also a problem.• It was difficult to get hold of people in the daytime because everyone was out in the forest for getting wood or other forest materials. The team started to visit the village early in the morning. For the villagers it was also easy because their day start very early.
Learning• With perseverance we can win the trust of the community.• With the help of community many remarkable change can be brought in the life of people living at the margin of the process of development.• It was observed that the whole effort got a new boost when the villagers were informed that the team of Global Sanitation Fund will visit there village to inspect the use of toilet and if satisfied the village would be declared open defecation free.
Learning Work together withparticipatory approachwill lead to success .