Ecological sanitation_M Subburaman (SCOPE)_2012


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Information on the principle, design & construction of ecosan toilets

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Ecological sanitation_M Subburaman (SCOPE)_2012

  1. 1. National‐level Workshop on  National level Workshop on Appropriate Toilet Technology, type, designs and options – May 9th ‐11th , 2012 Trichy ECOSAN UDDT By M.Subburaman, SCOPE  , Society for Community Organisation and Peoples Education Society for Community Organisation and Peoples Education P/17, Ahmed Colony 6th Cross, Ramalinga Nagar, Woraiyur, Trichy, Tamilnadu, India. Mobile : 9443167190, 0431‐2774144 E‐mail :
  2. 2. Cat film
  3. 3. What is ECOSAN? What is ECOSAN?• Appropriate technology means developing a technology suitable to the changing conditions to suit local conditions conditions.• From open defecation days through pit latrine, twin pit latrine, latrine septic tank and underground drainage system we have reached the decentralized environmentally friendly Ecological sanitation model. g• Ecological Sanitation is an integrated and holistic approach to the management of human excreta, utilization of the rich nutrients in both human urine and faeces,.• It promotes sustainable agriculture.• Does not contaminate surface and groundwater sources.• Conserves and preserves the most critical input for human life namely water. SCOPE ‐ TRICHY 3
  4. 4. The basic principle of ecological sanitation is to close the loop between sanitation and agriculture without compromising health FOOD FOOD closing the loop between sanitation  between sanitation and agriculture NUTRIENTS NUTRIENTS Pathogen  Pathogen destruction SCOPE ‐ TRICHY 4
  5. 5. SCOPE’s experience in ECOSAN First Ecosan Model – at Thanneerpandal First Ecosan Model at Thanneerpandal ‐ 2002• SCOPE initiated ECOSAN model in Thanneerpandal – Training centre of SCOPE to meet the problems faced by high water table areas.• Two‐in‐one model Designed by Mr.S.Paramasivan & Mr.Kalimuthu of Water Aid .• Size of the chamber made big since it was the first pilot model with two vent pipes . SCOPE ‐ TRICHY 6
  6. 6. Professor Johan Olof of Sweden with Ms. Gangully, UNICEF New Delhi Mrs.P. Amudha, UNICEF Chennai opening the first  ECOSAN toilet in Thanneer pandhal on Nov.18th , 2004  l h dh l th  (World Toilet Day) 
  7. 7. Kaliyapalayam – 2 in 1 model 2002 2 in 1 model, 2002
  8. 8. 3 in 1 model, 2005  ,
  9. 9. Mrs. Shantha Sheela Nair, I.A.S., Secretary RD Dept., Harvesting the banana in KaliyapalayamDept., Harvesting the banana in Kaliyapalayam ‐ 2003
  10. 10. Pipe above squatting slab ‐Pipe above squatting slab ‐ 2010
  11. 11. Plastering outside ‐Plastering outside ‐ 2010
  12. 12. ECOSAN with Incinerator  Thimmapuram ‐ 2011
  13. 13. Urine Diversion Flush Toilet with  Biogas (Kodunthurai) ‐ 2011 Bi (K d h i)
  14. 14. Zero Waste Toilet System (ZWTS)‐2012 To be opened this evening
  15. 15. ECOSAN Chamber opening Mr. Arun Dobhal, WES  Specialist – UNICEF, 2011 Specialist – UNICEF 2011
  16. 16. RESEARCH Urine as a Fertilizer in the research paddy field Ui F ili i h h dd fi ld • Taking advantage of the availability of urine in the Musiri ECCT, TNAU is now studying the “potential of source separated human urine as liquid fertilizer”, in 0.25 acre plot in 2007. • The second phase research done in 2008 e seco d p ase esea c do e 008 • The site divided into 30 plots where the crop raised under different dosages of urine. • The crop condition monitored closely and various parameters recorded closely, recorded.5/16/2012 SCOPE‐Trichy 17
  17. 17. Two paddy crops Two paddy cropsharvested,research result is research result isencouraging.5/16/2012 SCOPE‐Trichy 18
  18. 18. Horticulture and Short term  crops by using urine and compost from Ecosan Toilets supported  by  DDWS, Government of India b S G f di5/16/2012 SCOPE‐Trichy 19
  19. 19. Struvite (nutrient in urine in powder form) Extracted by IIT, New Delhi Research Scientist at Extracted by IIT New Delhi Research Scientist at Musiri reactor under UNICEF programme
  20. 20. Cash awards for the Beauty Contest 1st Prize 2nd Prize 3rd Prize“B G d ” Best Garden” Rs. 5,000/- R 5 000/ Rs. 2 500/ R 2,500/- Rs. 1,000/- R 1 000/“Best Outside Decoration” Rs. 5,000/- Rs. 2,500/- Rs. 1,000/-“Best Inside Decoration ” Rs. 5 000/ Rs 5,000/- Rs. 2 500/ Rs 2,500/- Rs. 1 000/ Rs 1,000/- 5/16/2012 SCOPE‐Trichy 21
  21. 21. First time in the world people get money for using the toilet – Musiri f h l
  22. 22. Based on the challenges problems and challenges,difficulties SCOPE had improved its modelseveral times from 2001 – 2012We are again learning and trying to improveECOSAN UDDTAppropriate technology i a continuingA i h l is i iprocess depending on the changing situationLet us join hands to further to serve ourenvironment
  23. 23. Thanks to all