Other important info


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Other important info

  1. 1. Other important info Arlie, Anne, Nitikia , Mamta
  2. 2. Art History <ul><li>is an academic discipline dedicated to the reconstruction of the social, cultural, and economic context in which an artwork was created </li></ul><ul><li>Is closely related to other dicipline such as anthropology history, and sociology. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Aesthetics <ul><li>Philosophical inquiry into the nature and expression of beauty </li></ul>
  4. 4. Art Criticism <ul><li>The explanation of current art events to the general public via press. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Formal Analysis <ul><li>Focuses on the visual qualities of the work of art itself </li></ul><ul><li>Basic assumption: the artist makes decisions related to the visual aspects of the artwork that can reveal to the visual aspects that can reveal to something to us about the meaning </li></ul>
  6. 6. Contextual Analysis <ul><li>Involves looking outside of the work of art in order to determine its meaning </li></ul>
  7. 7. Corinthian Style <ul><li>Set figures against a floral, ornamented background </li></ul>
  8. 8. “ Contrapposto” <ul><li>Counter positioning, was involved to show the body to its best advantage </li></ul>
  9. 9. Barrel Vaults <ul><li>Romanesque churches: formed of a tunnel of arches </li></ul>
  10. 10. Vault <ul><li>An arch shaped structure that is used as a ceiling or as a support roof </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ribbed Vaults <ul><li>A framework of thin stone ribs of arches built under the intersection of the vaulted section of the ceiling </li></ul>
  12. 12. Flying Buttresses <ul><li>Additional bracing material and arches placed on the exterior of the buliding </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed larger windows many of which filled with beautiful glass, and higher ceilings </li></ul>
  13. 13. Linear (single vanishing point) <ul><li>Developed by Brunelleschi </li></ul><ul><li>Masaccio (also used aerial perspective) given credit for putting it into practice </li></ul>
  14. 14. Sfumato <ul><li>Used in “Mona Lisa” </li></ul><ul><li>Italian: “-fumo” =smoke </li></ul><ul><li>Allows forms to blend subtly into one another without perceptible transitions. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Chiaroscuro <ul><li>Dramatic contrast of light and dark </li></ul><ul><li>Tintoretto (1518- 16594) </li></ul><ul><li>Heighten the emotional impact of his subjects </li></ul>
  16. 16. Reformation <ul><li>Most important event that impacted the 16 th century </li></ul>
  17. 17. Counter Reformation <ul><li>Emphasized even more that before lavish church decoration and art of highly dramatic and emotional nature </li></ul><ul><li>Church’s reaction to Protestant Refromation </li></ul>
  18. 18. Arbitrary Color <ul><li>Used by a group of artists led by Henri Matisse (1869-1954) </li></ul><ul><li>Used color so intense that they violatied the sensebilities of critics and the public alike </li></ul><ul><li>aka “fauves” or “wild beasts” </li></ul>
  19. 19. Positive Space <ul><li>Objects shaped or forms that occupy </li></ul>
  20. 20. Negative Space <ul><li>Area around the objects, shapes, or forms </li></ul>
  21. 21. Hue <ul><li>Another word for color </li></ul>
  22. 22. Color Wheel <ul><li>The organization of hues into a visual scheme </li></ul>
  23. 23. Value <ul><li>The lightness or darkness of a color </li></ul>
  24. 24. Neutrals <ul><li>White and blacks are not hues they are neutrals </li></ul>
  25. 25. Intensity <ul><li>Refers to the brightness or purity of a color </li></ul>
  26. 26. Local Color <ul><li>Refers to the “true” color of an object or area as seen in normal daylight </li></ul>
  27. 27. Optical color <ul><li>Refers to the effect that special lighting has on the color of objects </li></ul>
  28. 28. Composition <ul><li>Refers to the artists organization of the elements of art </li></ul>
  29. 29. Rhythm <ul><li>Is the principal that we associate with movement or pattern </li></ul>
  30. 30. Motif <ul><li>Single element of pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: quilt design one or more motifs are repeated to create and overall pattern </li></ul>
  31. 31. Pattern <ul><li>Involves the repetition of certain elements -color or line- or motifs within a work of art </li></ul><ul><li>Many patterns use regular repetition </li></ul>
  32. 32. Balance <ul><li>Refers to the equal distribution of visual weight in a work of art </li></ul>
  33. 33. Approximate Symmetry <ul><li>Many artist use this, to avoid the rigidity and monotony that may accompany a symmetrical composition </li></ul>
  34. 34. Asymmetrical Balance <ul><li>Visual balance that is achieved through the organization of unlike objects </li></ul>
  35. 35. Focal Point <ul><li>Element that contrasts with the rest of a composition where the eye tends to rest </li></ul>
  36. 36. Proportion <ul><li>The size and relationship among the parts of a composition </li></ul>
  37. 37. Scale <ul><li>The dimensional relation of the parts of a work to the work in its entirety, and can refer to the overall sizr if an artwork </li></ul>
  38. 38. shading <ul><li>Used to change values; </li></ul><ul><li>Different types : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hatching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross-hatching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stippling </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. Screen prints <ul><li>Other kinds of prints: includes relief prints, intaglio prints, lithographs, </li></ul>
  40. 40. Relief Printmaking <ul><li>Artist cuts away parts from surface of the plate </li></ul>
  41. 41. Intaglio Prints <ul><li>Works in the opposite manner as relief prints </li></ul>
  42. 42. engraving <ul><li>Carving tools are used to cut lines into the surface of the plate </li></ul>
  43. 43. Etching <ul><li>Process in which the design is incised through a layer of wax or varnish applied to the surface of a metal plate </li></ul>
  44. 44. Lithography <ul><li>Process in which the image is drawn with a waxy pencil or crayon directly on the plate, which can be made of stone, zinc or aluminum </li></ul>
  45. 45. Pigments <ul><li>Finely ground material that may be natural or synthhtic </li></ul>
  46. 46. Binders <ul><li>Hold the grains of pigment together and allows the paint to adhere </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Egg yolks, linseed oil, and wax </li></ul>
  47. 47. Solvent <ul><li>Water or oil that can be added to change the consistency of the paint or alter its drying time </li></ul>
  48. 48. Fresco <ul><li>Usually used to paint on ceilings and walls </li></ul><ul><li>Artist mixes pure powdered pigments with ater and applies them to a wet plaster, (Can’t be changed once applied) </li></ul><ul><li>Fresco Secco : the artist applies paints to a dry rather than a wet plaster </li></ul>
  49. 49. Glaze <ul><li>Thin transparent or semi-transparent layers that are applied over another color to alter it slightly </li></ul>
  50. 50. Encaustic <ul><li>Colored molten wax is fused with the surface via the application of hot irons </li></ul><ul><li>In Ancient Egypt grave markers were painted with this type of paint </li></ul>
  51. 51. Gouache <ul><li>Is a water-based opaque paint that is similar to school-quality tempera, but of higher quality </li></ul>
  52. 52. Slip <ul><li>Slab-built pots ar emade by rolling out clay and cutting carefully measured pieces , which are then assembled by applying liquid clay(slip) ti tge edges that are to be joined </li></ul>
  53. 53. Post-and lintel construction <ul><li>Technique in which a long stone or wooden beam is placed horizontally across upright posts </li></ul>