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Presentation1 / orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

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The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and
offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.for more details please visit
www.indiandentalacademy.com

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Presentation1 / orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

  1. 1. Video imaging www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  2. 2. ContentsContents  IntroductionIntroduction  HistoryHistory  Benefits of VideoimagingBenefits of Videoimaging  Software programs for videoimagingSoftware programs for videoimaging o JOE (Jiffy Orthodontic Evaluation)JOE (Jiffy Orthodontic Evaluation) o Quick CephQuick Ceph o DigigraphDigigraph o Dentofacial palnnerDentofacial palnner o PorDiosPorDios o NemocephNemoceph o Dolphin imaging systemDolphin imaging system  ConclusionConclusion www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  3. 3. Video imagingVideo imaging  Video – is the technology of electrically capturing,Video – is the technology of electrically capturing, recording, processing, storing, transmitting, andrecording, processing, storing, transmitting, and reconstructing a sequence of still images representingreconstructing a sequence of still images representing scenes in motion.scenes in motion.  Imaging – it is the formation of an image.Imaging – it is the formation of an image. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  4. 4. THESE ARE PROGRAMS THAT EASILYTHESE ARE PROGRAMS THAT EASILY CAPTURE FROM DIGITAL CAMERAS,CAPTURE FROM DIGITAL CAMERAS, SCANNERS, RADIOLOGICAL DEVICES,SCANNERS, RADIOLOGICAL DEVICES, PERFORM DETAILED CEPHALOMETRICPERFORM DETAILED CEPHALOMETRIC TRACINGS AND ANALYSES, GIVESTRACINGS AND ANALYSES, GIVES EXTENSIVE TREATMENT PLANNINGEXTENSIVE TREATMENT PLANNING OPTIONS & EFFECTIVELY PRESENTS &OPTIONS & EFFECTIVELY PRESENTS & CONSULTS WITH PATIENTS ANDCONSULTS WITH PATIENTS AND AUTOMATICALLY GENERATESAUTOMATICALLY GENERATES CUSTOMIZABLE RECORDS & REPORTS.CUSTOMIZABLE RECORDS & REPORTS. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
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  6. 6. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  7. 7. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  8. 8. HistoryHistory  1957- The earliest known digital image1957- The earliest known digital image processing by a digital computer occurred inprocessing by a digital computer occurred in with the first picture scanner attached to thewith the first picture scanner attached to the National Bureau of Standards ElectronicNational Bureau of Standards Electronic Automatic Computer (SEAC), built andAutomatic Computer (SEAC), built and designed by the scientists at the United Statesdesigned by the scientists at the United States National Bureau of Standards andNational Bureau of Standards and Technology.Technology.1616 www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  9. 9.  Ricketts advocated the use of computers to predictRicketts advocated the use of computers to predict growth because they could put large amounts ofgrowth because they could put large amounts of data into a clinically useful form.data into a clinically useful form.  This led to the development of the original versionThis led to the development of the original version of the Rocky Mountain Data Systems (RMDS).of the Rocky Mountain Data Systems (RMDS).  Rocky Mountain Orthodontics (RMO) was theRocky Mountain Orthodontics (RMO) was the first to provide the dental profession in the latefirst to provide the dental profession in the late 1960s with a computer-aided cephalometric1960s with a computer-aided cephalometric diagnosisdiagnosis www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  10. 10.  PorDios (Purpose on Request Digitizer InputPorDios (Purpose on Request Digitizer Input Output System) : cephalometric IBM-Output System) : cephalometric IBM- compatible system in the 1980scompatible system in the 1980s11  Dentofacial Planner : computer-aidedDentofacial Planner : computer-aided diagnostic and treatment planning softwarediagnostic and treatment planning software system for Orthodontics and Orthognathicsystem for Orthodontics and Orthognathic surgery in 1980ssurgery in 1980s11  Quick Ceph image in 1988 was designedQuick Ceph image in 1988 was designed especially for high-end Macintosh computersespecially for high-end Macintosh computers that did computerized cephalometrics .that did computerized cephalometrics . www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  11. 11. BENEFITS OF VIDEOIMAGINGBENEFITS OF VIDEOIMAGING www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  12. 12. 1. Improved communication1. Improved communication Patient understandingwww.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  13. 13. Realistic treatment expectationsRealistic treatment expectations www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  14. 14. Patient acceptancePatient acceptance  Visual dialogue imparts confidence andVisual dialogue imparts confidence and subsequently acceptance for the treatmentsubsequently acceptance for the treatment recommendations. (Ackermann & Proffit 1995)recommendations. (Ackermann & Proffit 1995) www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  15. 15. Interactive informed consentInteractive informed consent  Bioethicists across the country and theBioethicists across the country and the jurisprudence system in many states havejurisprudence system in many states have concluded that the doctor as the soleconcluded that the doctor as the sole decisionmaker is an abuse of professionaldecisionmaker is an abuse of professional authority (Ackermann & Proffit 1995)authority (Ackermann & Proffit 1995) www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  16. 16. 2. Data manipulation2. Data manipulation  Ease of archivingEase of archiving  Decreased storage spaceDecreased storage space -- 1.5 to 3.0 gigabytes1.5 to 3.0 gigabytes forfor 400 patients.400 patients. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  17. 17.  Rapid comparison of treatment plansRapid comparison of treatment plans www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  18. 18. 3. Improved treatment planning3. Improved treatment planning  Treatment planning from soft tissue analysisTreatment planning from soft tissue analysis versus cephalometric dataversus cephalometric data www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  19. 19.  Immediate visualization with bony movementsImmediate visualization with bony movements www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  20. 20.  Rapid assimilation of various treatmentRapid assimilation of various treatment possibilitiespossibilities www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  21. 21. 4. Interface with collaborating specialists4. Interface with collaborating specialists  Coordinated treatment planningCoordinated treatment planning www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  22. 22. Improved data exchangeImproved data exchange www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  23. 23. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  24. 24. Morphing is a special effect in motion pictures and animations that changes (or morphs) one image into another through a seamless transition Morphing the imageMorphing the image www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  25. 25. Facial change can be predictedwww.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  26. 26. Software ProgramsSoftware Programs  JOE (1960 s)JOE (1960 s)  PorDios (1980 s)PorDios (1980 s)  Quick Ceph (1988)Quick Ceph (1988)  Digigraph (1980s)Digigraph (1980s)  Dentofacial plannerDentofacial planner (1982)(1982)  Proview (1993)Proview (1993)  WinCeph 8.0WinCeph 8.0  OrisCephOrisCeph  LightningCephLightningCeph  Cephbasic (FYITEKCephbasic (FYITEK software)software)  Cephalometrics.nlCephalometrics.nl  QuadCephQuadCeph  LogiCeph 1.2LogiCeph 1.2  FastCephFastCeph  PentaCephPentaCeph  BasicX 9.0BasicX 9.0  www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  27. 27.  winRPwinRP  Flash morphingFlash morphing  Viewbox (dHALViewbox (dHAL software)software)  Dolphin ImagingDolphin Imaging systemsystem  LaserLogicLaserLogic  EasyCephEasyCeph  InsigniaInsignia  Trace-XTrace-X  NewCeph (2001)NewCeph (2001)  OnyX Ceph (2002)OnyX Ceph (2002)  NemocephNemoceph (2004,05,06)(2004,05,06)  Dr Ceph 2008Dr Ceph 2008  CephX 2008CephX 2008  Digora 2008Digora 2008  Facad 2009Facad 2009  Hummingbird (2009)Hummingbird (2009)www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  28. 28. RMO's jiffy Orthodontic EvaluationRMO's jiffy Orthodontic Evaluation  Rocky Mountain Orthodontics (RMO) was theRocky Mountain Orthodontics (RMO) was the first to provide the dental profession in the latefirst to provide the dental profession in the late 1960s with a computer-aided cephalometric1960s with a computer-aided cephalometric diagnosisdiagnosis  JOE generates tracings of lateral or frontalJOE generates tracings of lateral or frontal cephalograms.cephalograms.  Ricketts, Jarabak, Sassouni-plus, Steiner andRicketts, Jarabak, Sassouni-plus, Steiner and Grummons analyses.Grummons analyses.  JOE can also provide visual presentation ofJOE can also provide visual presentation of norms applicable to the patients tracingsnorms applicable to the patients tracings www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  29. 29. PorDiosPorDios  PorDios (Purpose On Request Digitizer InputPorDios (Purpose On Request Digitizer Input Output System)Output System)  IBM-compatible system (1980s)IBM-compatible system (1980s)  PorDios works with a digitizer in the standardPorDios works with a digitizer in the standard way and also enables the use of a video or scannerway and also enables the use of a video or scanner as means of digitation of X-rays.as means of digitation of X-rays.  Cephalometric analyses, including Bjork,Cephalometric analyses, including Bjork, Burstone, Coben, Downs, McNamara, Ricketts,Burstone, Coben, Downs, McNamara, Ricketts, Steiner, and Tweed.Steiner, and Tweed. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  30. 30. Product of the Institute of Orthodontic computer sciences www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  31. 31.  The standard deviations & mean values of eachThe standard deviations & mean values of each cephalometric variable can be changed by thecephalometric variable can be changed by the user if different ethnic groups have to beuser if different ethnic groups have to be evaluated.evaluated.  The main system can automatically alter theThe main system can automatically alter the orientation of a picture to have the profileorientation of a picture to have the profile looking to the left or right side of the screen.looking to the left or right side of the screen. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  32. 32.  PorDios is multilingual and the user can choosePorDios is multilingual and the user can choose from English, German, French, Italian, Spanish,from English, German, French, Italian, Spanish, Danish & GreekDanish & Greek  PorDios allows the drawings to be printedPorDios allows the drawings to be printed  The results are stored in a disk file which areThe results are stored in a disk file which are always ready for transfers.always ready for transfers. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  33. 33. Dentofacial PlannerDentofacial Planner A product of Dentofacial Software Inc. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  34. 34.  Works with an IBM-compatible 286 or 386Works with an IBM-compatible 286 or 386 processor in DOS 3.0 or higher.processor in DOS 3.0 or higher.  Steiner, McNamara,Downs, Ricketts, Grummons,Steiner, McNamara,Downs, Ricketts, Grummons, Harvold, Legan, and Jarabak .Harvold, Legan, and Jarabak . www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  35. 35. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  36. 36.  The surgery subsystem allows the user toThe surgery subsystem allows the user to estimate the skeletal and soft tissue effects ofestimate the skeletal and soft tissue effects of orthognathic surgery; creating a so-calledorthognathic surgery; creating a so-called Surgical Treatment Objective (Wolford et al,Surgical Treatment Objective (Wolford et al, 1985).1985).  CO-CR optionCO-CR option www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  37. 37. Quick Ceph ImageQuick Ceph Image A product of Orthodontic Processings www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  38. 38.  Designed especially for high-end MacintoshDesigned especially for high-end Macintosh computers.computers.  A Macintosh Quadra or IIci processor and a high-A Macintosh Quadra or IIci processor and a high- resolution monitor should be used.resolution monitor should be used.  The hardware also consists of a black and whiteThe hardware also consists of a black and white cameracamera ,, a camcorder Sony TR200, S-Video, aa camcorder Sony TR200, S-Video, a 29-inch (74-cm) camera stand, and a colour29-inch (74-cm) camera stand, and a colour printerprinter www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  39. 39.  Thirteen different analyses can be performed,Thirteen different analyses can be performed, including Ricketts, Steiner, Jarabak,including Ricketts, Steiner, Jarabak, McNamara, Downs, Soft Tissue, Iowa, Roth,McNamara, Downs, Soft Tissue, Iowa, Roth, Burstone; Sassouni, Frontal and SMV andBurstone; Sassouni, Frontal and SMV and model analyses of arch length .model analyses of arch length . www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  40. 40.  CO-CR conversionCO-CR conversion  Growth forecastGrowth forecast  Treatment simulations of orthodontic, orthognathic, andTreatment simulations of orthodontic, orthognathic, and surgical movementssurgical movements  superimpositions at any selected landmark and parallelsuperimpositions at any selected landmark and parallel to any selected line.to any selected line.  Quick Ceph Image allows the user to take all theQuick Ceph Image allows the user to take all the patient's pictures, including intraorals in the superiorpatient's pictures, including intraorals in the superior 24-bit colour mode.24-bit colour mode.  This function is performed by means of a video cameraThis function is performed by means of a video camera to input upto 16 pictures per patient at one sitting.to input upto 16 pictures per patient at one sitting. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  41. 41.  Several innovations have been incorporatedSeveral innovations have been incorporated into the systeminto the system  JPEG compression for massive image storageJPEG compression for massive image storage  Fast operationFast operation  Free style record talkingFree style record talking  Animated treatment simulationAnimated treatment simulation  Use of digitizer or camera for the X-raysUse of digitizer or camera for the X-rays www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  42. 42. Digigraph work stationDigigraph work station 5 feet x 3 feet x 7 feet5 feet x 3 feet x 7 feet A product of Dolphin Imaging Systems www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  43. 43.  Non-invasive and non-radiagraphic cephalometricNon-invasive and non-radiagraphic cephalometric analysisanalysis www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  44. 44.  The machine has the following capabilities-The machine has the following capabilities-  AA landmark can be identifiedlandmark can be identified as a pointas a point inin threethree dimensions.dimensions.  A cephalometric analysis can be madeA cephalometric analysis can be made independently of the head position;independently of the head position;  Neither parallelism at the X-ray in the mid-Neither parallelism at the X-ray in the mid- sagittal plane nor the symmetry of anatomicsagittal plane nor the symmetry of anatomic morphology between left- and right sides ismorphology between left- and right sides is necessary.necessary. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  45. 45.  Enable the performance of cephalometricEnable the performance of cephalometric analyses, tracings; superimpositions, and visualanalyses, tracings; superimpositions, and visual treatment objectives.treatment objectives.  The programme produces any of 14The programme produces any of 14 cephalometric analyses including Rickettscephalometric analyses including Ricketts lateral, Vari-Simplex, Holdaway, Alabama,lateral, Vari-Simplex, Holdaway, Alabama, Jarabak, Steiner, Downs, Burstone, McNamara,Jarabak, Steiner, Downs, Burstone, McNamara, Tweed, Grummons frontal, Standard lateral, andTweed, Grummons frontal, Standard lateral, and Standard frontalStandard frontal www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  46. 46. Nemoceph (2004)Nemoceph (2004) www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  47. 47. Nemoceph allows the direct capture of :Nemoceph allows the direct capture of : - digital video (DV)- digital video (DV) - TWAIN supported scanners- TWAIN supported scanners - Digital camera media- Digital camera media - Digital intra-oral radiography systems- Digital intra-oral radiography systems - Digital extra-oral radiography systems.- Digital extra-oral radiography systems. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  48. 48. Image manipulations:Image manipulations: - Conversion of image types: binary, grey scale,- Conversion of image types: binary, grey scale, 256 colors, full color, etc.256 colors, full color, etc. - Geometric transformations : rotate 90°, 180°,- Geometric transformations : rotate 90°, 180°, 270° or user defined, flip vertical or horizontal270° or user defined, flip vertical or horizontal and image croppingand image cropping - Transform image properties: adjust- Transform image properties: adjust dynamically or with preview : brightness,dynamically or with preview : brightness, contrast, hue, tonecontrast, hue, tone www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  49. 49.  Automatically Rotate Radiographs Rotate x-raysAutomatically Rotate Radiographs Rotate x-rays according to Frankfurt plane, S.N. plane, Trueaccording to Frankfurt plane, S.N. plane, True Vertical or Natural Head Position.Vertical or Natural Head Position.  CO-CR ConversionsCO-CR Conversions Interactively create and superimpose CO-CRInteractively create and superimpose CO-CR (open or closed) conversions over tracings.(open or closed) conversions over tracings.  Simulate orthognathic surgery over cephalometricSimulate orthognathic surgery over cephalometric analysis. Visualize or re-define soft tissueanalysis. Visualize or re-define soft tissue relationshipsrelationships www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  50. 50.  Nemoceph supplies with presentation toolsNemoceph supplies with presentation tools allowing you to view images full screen, makeallowing you to view images full screen, make comparisons between series of images or usecomparisons between series of images or use slide-show type viewers.slide-show type viewers.  Intelligent recognition system, Nemoceph guidesIntelligent recognition system, Nemoceph guides you in placing your landmarks by zooming in onyou in placing your landmarks by zooming in on the appropriate anatomical region.the appropriate anatomical region. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  51. 51.  Incorporates more than 33 pre-definedIncorporates more than 33 pre-defined cephalometric analyses: Ricketts, Steiner,cephalometric analyses: Ricketts, Steiner, McNamara, Jarabak, Downs, Powell, Roth, AyalaMcNamara, Jarabak, Downs, Powell, Roth, Ayala Soft Tissue, etc.Soft Tissue, etc.  Any or all of these methods may be modified toAny or all of these methods may be modified to suit personal needs.suit personal needs.  You may choose to create your own method,You may choose to create your own method, combining existing landmarks and measurementscombining existing landmarks and measurements or define new landmarks & structures.or define new landmarks & structures. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  52. 52.  NemoCeph offers the possibility of viewing as many treatment plans as you wish.NemoCeph offers the possibility of viewing as many treatment plans as you wish. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  53. 53. SuperimpositionSuperimposition www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  54. 54. ApplicationsApplications www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  55. 55. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  56. 56. Dolphin ImagingDolphin Imaging14,1514,15 www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  57. 57. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  58. 58. Before a patient’s visitBefore a patient’s visit www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  59. 59. Fingerprint Security Secure Employee Login Employee Time Clock www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  60. 60. Patient DatabasePatient Database www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  61. 61. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  62. 62. During a patient visitDuring a patient visit www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  63. 63. Patient check in Patient GPS www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  64. 64. Treatment CardTreatment Card www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  65. 65. Enhanced Customized Tooth ChartEnhanced Customized Tooth Chart Graphically enterGraphically enter items like bracket type with torque information, arch wireitems like bracket type with torque information, arch wire sizes, elastics, powerchains etcsizes, elastics, powerchains etcwww.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  66. 66. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  67. 67. After a patient’s visitAfter a patient’s visit www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  68. 68. Treatment Planning Documentation-Treatment Plans include sequencing,Treatment Planning Documentation-Treatment Plans include sequencing, number of visits, procedures, months between visits, etc. Easily viewnumber of visits, procedures, months between visits, etc. Easily view treatment plans from the patient’s treatment card.treatment plans from the patient’s treatment card.www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  69. 69. DOLPHIN IMAGINGDOLPHIN IMAGING FEATURING 3DFEATURING 3D Dolphin 3D allows visualization and analysis of craniofacial anatomy from data produced by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), MRI, medical CT and 3D facial camera systems. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  70. 70. Dolphin 3D display of MRI dataset www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  71. 71. Panoramic x-ray image created by Dolphin 3D from CBCT image www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  72. 72. Merge CBCT volume with surface data from 3D facial camera www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  73. 73. Translucent soft-and hard-tissue images of pre- and post-surgery case www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  74. 74. View impacted teeth from any angle www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  75. 75. Display of airway volume and most constricted area www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  76. 76. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  77. 77. 2D Facial Photo Wrap www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  78. 78. ConclusionConclusion  It is a graphic method of communication that canIt is a graphic method of communication that can overcome the deficiencies inherent in verbalovercome the deficiencies inherent in verbal description of treatment goals and/or outcomes.description of treatment goals and/or outcomes.  It is a visual template by which all parties involvedIt is a visual template by which all parties involved in making treatment decisions can communicate.in making treatment decisions can communicate.  It improves quantification of treatment plans.It improves quantification of treatment plans.  The use of images in communication with otherThe use of images in communication with other professional enhances the communication of theprofessional enhances the communication of the problems present and the development of potentialproblems present and the development of potential solutions.solutions. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  79. 79. ReferencesReferences 1.1. Athanasios E Athanasiou;Orthodontic Cephalometry;Mosby-Athanasios E Athanasiou;Orthodontic Cephalometry;Mosby- Wolfe, 1995Wolfe, 1995 2.2. Alexander Jacobson; Radiography Cephalometry ;QuintessenceAlexander Jacobson; Radiography Cephalometry ;Quintessence Co,1995 John E. Grubb, Tim Smith, Peter Sinclair Clinical andCo,1995 John E. Grubb, Tim Smith, Peter Sinclair Clinical and scientific applications/advances in video imaging Anglescientific applications/advances in video imaging Angle Orthodontist 1996 No. 6, 407 – 416.Orthodontist 1996 No. 6, 407 – 416. 3.3. John E. Grubb, Tim Smith, Peter Sinclair Clinical and scientificJohn E. Grubb, Tim Smith, Peter Sinclair Clinical and scientific applications/advances in video imaging Angle Orthodontistapplications/advances in video imaging Angle Orthodontist 1996 No. 6, 407 – 416.1996 No. 6, 407 – 416. 4.4. Sarver DM. Video imaging: The pros and cons. Angle OrthodSarver DM. Video imaging: The pros and cons. Angle Orthod 1993; 63; 167–170.1993; 63; 167–170. 5.5. Ackerman JL, Profitt WR. Communication in orthodonticAckerman JL, Profitt WR. Communication in orthodontic treatment planning: Bioethical and informed consent issues.treatment planning: Bioethical and informed consent issues. Angle Orthod 1995; 65(4): 253–262.Angle Orthod 1995; 65(4): 253–262.www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  80. 80. 6. Turpin D. The need for video imaging.6. Turpin D. The need for video imaging. Editorial. Angle Orthod 1995; 65(4):243Editorial. Angle Orthod 1995; 65(4):243 7. David M. Sarver Video-imaging and treatment7. David M. Sarver Video-imaging and treatment presentation: Medico-legal implications andpresentation: Medico-legal implications and patient perception Volume 1998 Mar (360 -patient perception Volume 1998 Mar (360 - 363)363) 8. Robert Isaacson Predicting treatment results8. Robert Isaacson Predicting treatment results with video imaging systemswith video imaging systems EditorialEditorial 9. Ceib Phillips, Brett J. Hill, Christian Can. The9. Ceib Phillips, Brett J. Hill, Christian Can. The influence of video imaging on patients’influence of video imaging on patients’ perceptions and expectations 1995 No. 4, 263perceptions and expectations 1995 No. 4, 263 – 270.– 270. www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  81. 81. 10. www.visiodent.com10. www.visiodent.com 11. www.Dolphin imaging.com11. www.Dolphin imaging.com 12 . AnywhereDolphin.com12 . AnywhereDolphin.com www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  82. 82. Thank youThank you www.indiandentalacademy.comwww.indiandentalacademy.com

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