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Introduction to orthodontics /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

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The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.

Indian dental academy provides dental crown & Bridge,rotary endodontics,fixed orthodontics,
Dental implants courses.for details pls visit www.indiandentalacademy.com ,or call
0091-9248678078

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Introduction to orthodontics /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

  1. 1. GOOD MORNING www.indiandentalacademy.com INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com
  2. 2. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  3. 3.  ORTHODONTICS IS THAT BRANCH OF DENTISTRY CONCERNED WITH PREVENTION, INTERCEPTION AND CORRECTION OF MALOCCLUSION AND OTHER ABNORMALITIES OF THE DENTOFACIAL REGION. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  4. 4.  ORTHODONTICS IS DERIVED FROM THE GREEK WORD. ORTHOS STRAIGHT ODONTOS TEETH ICS SCIENCE ORTHODONTICS WAS FIRST COINED BY LE FOULON IN 1839. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  5. 5. IN 1922 BSSO HAS DEFINED THE SPECIALITY AS “ ORTHODONTICS INCLUDES THE STUDY OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE JAWS AND FACE PARTICULARLY,AND THE BODY GENERALLY AS INFLUENCING THE POSITION OF THE TEETH;THE STUDY OF ACTION AND REACTION OF INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL INFLUENCES ON THE DEVELOPMENT AND PREVENTION AND CORRRECTION OF ARRESTED AND PERVERTED DEVELOPMENT.” www.indiandentalacademy.com
  6. 6.  UNFAVOURABLE SEQUELAE OF MALOCCLUSION : 1)POOR FACIAL APPEARANCE. 2)RISK OF CARIES. 3)PREDISPOSITION TO PERIODONTAL DISEASES. 4)PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTURBANCES. 5)RISK OF TRAUMA. 6)ABNORMALITIES OF FUNCTION. 7)TMJ PROBLEM. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  7. 7. Structural Balance Functional Efficiency Aesthetic Harmony AIMS OF ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT JACKSON’S TRIAD www.indiandentalacademy.com
  8. 8.  THE SCOPE OF ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT IT INVOLVES THE THREE MAIN TISSUE SYSTEMS : 1) DENTITION 2) THE SKELETON 3) THE FACIAL AND JAW MUSCULATUREwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  9. 9.  SERVICES OFFERED BY THE ORTHODONTISTS : 1)PREVENTIVE ORTHODONTICS 2)INTERCEPTIVE ORTHODONTICS 3)CORRECTIVE ORTHODONTICS 4)SURGICAL ORTHODONTICS www.indiandentalacademy.com
  10. 10. BRIEF HISTORY OF ORTHODONTICS: 1) GREEK PHYSICIAN HIPPOCRATES (460-377B.C.) PIONEER IN MEDICAL SCIENCE. 2) ARISTOTLE (384-322B.C.) GREEK PHILOSOPHER. HE STUDIED HUMAN TEETH AND COMPARED THEM WITH TEETH OF VARIOUS OTHER SPECIES. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  11. 11. 3) AULIUS CORNELIUS CELSUS (25B.C.-50A.D.) HE SUGGESTED THE ACTIVE TREATMENT OF MALOCCLUSION BY THE USE OF FINGER PRESSURE TO ALIGN IRREGULAR TEETH. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  12. 12. 4) PIERRE FAUCHARD FRENCH DENTIST. FOUNDER OF MODERN DENTISTRY. IN 1723 DEVELOPED THE FIRST ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCE CALLED “BANDELETTE” USED TO EXPAND THE DENTAL ARCH. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  13. 13. 5) NORMAN KINGSLEY AMERICAN DENTIST. HE WAS THE FIRST TO USE EXTRA-ORAL FORCE TO CORRECT PROTRUDING TEETH. PIONEER IN CLEFT PALATE TREATMENT. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  14. 14. 6) EMERSON C. ANGELL (1823-1903) OPENING OF THE MID-PALATAL SUTURE A PROCEDURE WHICH LATER CAME TO BE KNOWN AS RAPID MAXILLARY EXPANSION. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  15. 15. 7) WILLIAM E. MAGILL (1823-1896) BAND THE TEETH FOR ACTIVE TOOTH MOVEMENT. 8) HENRY A. BAKER (1893) INTRODUCED BAKER’S ANCHORAGE. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  16. 16. EDWARD H. ANGLE www.indiandentalacademy.com
  17. 17. 9) EDWARD HARTLEY ANGLE (1855-1930) “FATHER OF MODERN ORTHODONTICS” CONTRIBUTIONS TO ORTHODONTICS: 1) CLASSIFICATION OF MALOCCLUSION. 2) PIN AND TUBE AND EDGEWISE APPLIANCES. STARTED A SCHOOL OF ORTHODONTICS AT St.LOUIS, NEW LONDON,CONNECTICUT. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  18. 18. CALVIN CASE www.indiandentalacademy.com
  19. 19. 10) CALVIN CASE (1847-1923) HE CONSIDERD FACIAL IMPROVEMENT WAS A GUIDE TO ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT. HE WAS A CRITIC OF ANGLE AND OPPOSED ANGLE’S PHILOSOPHY OF ARCH EXPANSION TO TREAT CASES. HE ADVOCATED EXTRACTION OF CERTAIN TEETH TO ACHIEVE STABLE TREATMENT RESULTS AND TO IMPROVE FACIAL ESTHETICS. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  20. 20. 11) MARTIN DEWEY (1881-1933) HE WAS AN ARDENT CHAMPION OF NON-EXTRACTION. HE ALSO MODIFIED ANGLE’S CLASSIFICATION OF MALOCCLUSION. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  21. 21. 12) IN 1931 HOLLY BROADBENT IN U.S.A. AND HOFRATH IN GERMANY INDEPENDENTLY DEVELOPED CEPHALOMETRIC RADIOGRAPHY. THIS CAN BE CONSIDERD AS A MAJOR ADVANCEMENT IN ORTHODONTIC DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT PLANNING. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  22. 22. 13) BUONOCORE IN 1955 INTRODUCED THE ACID ETCH TECHNIQUE. THIS ENABLED DIRECT BONDING OF ORTHODONTIC ATTACHMENT TO ENAMEL WHICH GREATLY ENHANCED ESTHETICS. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  23. 23. 14) RAYMOND BEGG OF AUSTRALIA INTRODUCED LIGHT WIRE FIXED APPLIANCE TECHNIQUE THAT WAS BAESD ON THE CONCEPT OF DIFFERENTIAL FORCE. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  24. 24. 15) VIGGO ANDERSON IN 1908 INTRODUCED ACTIVATOR WHICH MADE USE OF THE FACIAL MUSCULATURE TO GUIDE THE GROWTH OF THE JAWS. 16) ROLF FRANKEL (1969-1973) INTRODUCED FUNCTIONAL REGULATOR TO TREAT A VARIETY OF SKELETAL MALOCCLUSIONS. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  25. 25. 17) LAWRENCE ANDREWS INTRODUCED STRAIGHT WIRE APPLIANCE. THIS WAS A PRE-ADJUSTED APPLIANCE IN WHICH THE BRACKETS WERE PRE-PROGRAMMED TO ACCOMPLISH THE DESIRED TOOTH MOVEMENTS IN ALL THE THREE PLANES OF SPACES. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  26. 26. www.indiandentalacademy.com For more details please visit www.indiandentalacademy.com

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