Condylar fractures /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

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The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.

Indian dental academy provides dental crown & Bridge,rotary endodontics,fixed orthodontics,
Dental implants courses.for details pls visit www.indiandentalacademy.com ,or call
0091-9248678078

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Condylar fractures /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

  1. 1. CONDYLAR FRACTURES INDIAN ACADEMY DENTAL Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com
  2. 2. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  3. 3. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  4. 4. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  5. 5. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  6. 6. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  7. 7. classification • Unilateral / Bilateral • Rowe & killey - intracapsular # - extracapsular # - fractures assotd with injury to capsule, ligaments nd meniscus. - fractures involving adjacent bones. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  8. 8. Clinical classificationMcLennan • Undisplaced- a simple crack seen without alteration in the normal relation of the condyle • Deviation- a simple angulation between the condylar neck nd ramus • Displacement-Overlap of the condylar process nd the ramus. Obliquely fractured condylar fragment lies lateral to ramus www.indiandentalacademy.com
  9. 9. • Dislocation-Here the condyle is out of the TMJ space,the condylar fragment gets pulled anteriorly nd medially by the lateral pterygoid www.indiandentalacademy.com
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  11. 11. LINDHAL’S Classification • It is based on 3 criteria: -LEVEL OF THE FRACTURE -RELATION OF CONDYLAR FRAGMENT TO MANDIBLE -RELATION OF CONDYLAR HEAD TO THE FOSSA www.indiandentalacademy.com
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  13. 13. • Fracture level: -condylar head# -condylar neck# -subcondylar # • Relation of condylar head to mandible -Undisplaced -Deviated -Displacement with medial overlap -Displacement with lateral overlap -Anteroposterior overlap(rarely) -No contact between the fragments www.indiandentalacademy.com
  14. 14. • Relation of condylar head to glenoid -No displacement -Displacement www.indiandentalacademy.com
  15. 15. Signs & Symptoms • Evidence of trauma:facial contusions,abrasions,laceration on chin,ecchymosis/hematoma in TMJ area. • Bleeding from the ext.auditory canal • Palpable swelling over the TMJ region • Facial asymmetry either due to softtissue edema or foreshortening of ramus • Pain and tenderness over the TMJ www.indiandentalacademy.com
  16. 16. • Crepitation over the affected joint. • Malocclusion • Deviation of the mandibular midline, both at rest and with attempted excursion of mandible. • Muscular spasm • Dentoalveolar injuries. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  17. 17. Thank you For more details please visit www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com

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