Clinical examination in orthodontics /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

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The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.

Indian dental academy provides dental crown & Bridge,rotary endodontics,fixed orthodontics,
Dental implants courses.for details pls visit www.indiandentalacademy.com ,or call
0091-9248678078

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Clinical examination in orthodontics /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

  1. 1. CLINICAL EXAMINATION IN ORTHODONTICS INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com
  2. 2. CONTENTS: Introduction Physical Status Extra oral examination Functional examination T.M.J Intra oral examination www.indiandentalacademy.com
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION The clinical examination comprises of the clinical assessment of the patient. An the observant clinician usually begins his clinical examination as soon as the patient enters the clinic. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  4. 4. 1. Physical status a) Height & weight Clue to physical growth & maturation of the patient . b) The body physique is classified into • Aesthetic – thin physic with narrow dental • • arches. Pletoric – obese with square dental arches Athletic – Normal built with normal dental arches www.indiandentalacademy.com
  5. 5. c) Sheldon gave somatotyping of general body • Build - Ectomorphic - Tall & thin -Mesomorphic -Average -Endomorphic -Short & fat www.indiandentalacademy.com
  6. 6. 2.Extra Oral Examination a) Shape of the head i. Mesocephalic ii. Dolicocephalic iii. Brachycephalic www.indiandentalacademy.com
  7. 7. b) Facial form i. Mesoprosopic ii. Euryprosopic iii. Leptoprosopic www.indiandentalacademy.com
  8. 8. c) Facial Profile i) Straight ii) Convex www.indiandentalacademy.com iii)Concave
  9. 9. d) Facial divergence i) Anterior ii) posterior Orthognathic iii) Straight or www.indiandentalacademy.com
  10. 10. e) Clinical FMA • Assessed by studying the angle formed between the lower border of the mandible & FH plane. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  11. 11. f) Mento labial sulcus www.indiandentalacademy.com
  12. 12. g) Nasolabial angle www.indiandentalacademy.com
  13. 13. h) Lip length at philtrum : at corner of mouth: i) Inter labial gap ` j) Lip posture & tonicity k) Smile arc www.indiandentalacademy.com
  14. 14. 3. FUNCTIONAL EXAMINATION i. Respiration ii. Mastication iii. Postural rest position iv. Perioral muscle activity v. Amount of incisor exposure vi. Degulition vii. speech www.indiandentalacademy.com
  15. 15. 4. T.M.J i) Jaw function/TM jt. Complaint now Y/N ii) History of pain Y/N – duration iii) History of sound Y/N – duration iv) TM joint tenderness on palpation Y/N v) Muscle www.indiandentalacademy.com
  16. 16. 5. INTRAORAL EXAMINATION  Soft tissues : i) Oral hygiene status ii) Gingiva iii) Brushing habit iv) Position of Mucogingival junction v) Frenal attachment Upp/Low vi) Tongue : size, shape, movements, posture. vii) Oral mucosa www.indiandentalacademy.com
  17. 17.  Hard tissues: i) No. of teeth present : ii) No. of unerupted teeth: iii) Size, form of the teeth iv) Texture v) Caries vi) Endodontically treated vii) Occlusal wear facets www.indiandentalacademy.com
  18. 18.  Maxillary arch: i) Shape : average/ ‘v’ shaped/ ‘u’ shaped/ square. ii) Arch symmetry: Symmetrical / Asymmetrical iii) Arch Alignment  Relation of mandibular of maxillary arch: i) Maximum opening(incisal edges): ii) Freeway space iii) Curve of spee www.indiandentalacademy.com
  19. 19. Models in occlusion AP PLANE LTSIDE i) ii) iii) iv) RT SIDE MOLAR R’SHIP CANINE R’SHIP OVERJET ANT. CROSSBITE VERTICAL PLANE V) OPEN BITE-ANT -POST Vi) DEEPBITE www.indiandentalacademy.com
  20. 20. TRANSVERSE PLANE Vii) POST.CROSSBITE Viii) SCISSOR BITE www.indiandentalacademy.com
  21. 21. www.indiandentalacademy.com Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com

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