•www.indiandentalacademy.com
INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY
•

Leader in continuing dental education

•

www.indiandentalacademy.com

•www.indiandentalacademy.c...
"When you make a mistake,
don't look back at it long.
Take the reason into your mind,
and then look forward.
Mistakes are ...
•www.indiandentalacademy.com
•www.indiandentalacademy.com
Pathology of
CVS
Dr. Venkatesh Murthy Shashidhar
Associate Professor of Pathology
Fiji School of Medicine.

•www.indianden...
Atherosclerosis
Hypertension
Myocardial Infarction (MI)
Stroke
IHD - Ischemic Heart Disease
VHD - Valvular Heart Dis...
“Chronic inflammatory disorder of
intima of large blood vessels
characterised by formation of fibrofatty
plaques called at...






Large elastic arteries – Starts in Intima
Fat deposits, Hardening and destruction.
Major cause of IHD, MI & Str...







Non modifiable
Age – middle to late.
Sex – Males,
complications
Genetic - Hyperchol.
Family history.





...








Unknown etiology – Hyperlipidemia, life style,
hypertension, smoking, genetic etc.
Starts with Initial intima...







Aorta, Carotid & Iliac. (large vessels)
Major Vessels - Heart, Brain & Kidney.
Coronary
Renal
Abdominal
Limbs...






Fatty Dots
Fatty Streaks
Atheromatous – Soft Plaque
Fibrofatty – Hard Plaque
Complications
Ulceration, Rupture,...
Stage
VI
III
II
•www.indiandentalacademy.com
•www.indiandentalacademy.com
•www.indiandentalacademy.com
•www.indiandentalacademy.com
•www.indiandentalacademy.com
•www.indiandentalacademy.com
•www.indiandentalacademy.com








Heart attack – Myocardial infarction.
Stroke – Cerebral infarction
Gangrene – tissue infarction.
Kidney fai...
•www.indiandentalacademy.com
•www.indiandentalacademy.com
Haemorrhagic
Necrosis





Hypercholesterolemia – Risk
Hypertriglyceridemia - less significant
LDL – Increased risk
HDL – lowers the risk – ...




Mono unsaturated fats
Poly unsaturated fats
Omega-3 fatty acids (Fish)

•www.indiandentalacademy.com
• Good and Bad Fats?
• Lower LDL, Increase HDL
• Mono unsaturated fats
• Poly unsaturated fats
• Omega-3 fatty acids (Fish...
"Pleasure in the job puts
perfection in the work."
-- Aristotle

•www.indiandentalacademy.com






Common Health problem.
High Mortality & Morbidity.
Etiology – common Atherosclerosis
Two major types Angina & M...


Angina Pectoris:



Acute Myocardial Infarction:



Sudden cardiac death:


Obstruction to blood flow.






Atheroma, Thrombosis Embolism

Diminished coronary perfusion.
Ischemia – Angina
In...
Myocardial Infarction-MI







“Death of heart tissue due to lack of blood
supply”
Atherosclerosis is the common cau...
Myocardial Infarction-MI







1-18h – none
24h – Pale, edema
3-4D – Hemorrhage
1-3W – Thin, yellow
3-6W – Tough whi...
•www.indiandentalacademy.com
•www.indiandentalacademy.com
•

Cardiogenic shock, death

•

Arrhythmias and conduction defects,

•

Congestive heart failure (pul edema)

•

Mural thr...



LDH - 1-5 (1 - 2 flip)
CK- Isoenzymes (Fractions)
MM - Muscles
 MB - Cardiac muscle.
 BB - Brain




Troponins

•...

1.
2.
3.

Aimed to prevent complications.
Rest & sedation*
Supportive mesures
Thrombolytic agents - Streptokinase

•www....
www.indiandentalacademy.com
• Leader in continuing dental education
•

•www.indiandentalacademy.com
ANATOMY OF HEART /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
ANATOMY OF HEART /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
ANATOMY OF HEART /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
ANATOMY OF HEART /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
ANATOMY OF HEART /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
ANATOMY OF HEART /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy
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ANATOMY OF HEART /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

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The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.

Indian dental academy provides dental crown & Bridge,rotary endodontics,fixed orthodontics,
Dental implants courses.for details pls visit www.indiandentalacademy.com ,or call
0091-9248678078

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ANATOMY OF HEART /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

  1. 1. •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  2. 2. INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY • Leader in continuing dental education • www.indiandentalacademy.com •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  3. 3. "When you make a mistake, don't look back at it long. Take the reason into your mind, and then look forward. Mistakes are lessons of wisdom. The past cannot be changed. The future is yet in your power." Phyllis Bottome 1884-1963, Novelist and Lecturer •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  4. 4. •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  5. 5. •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  6. 6. Pathology of CVS Dr. Venkatesh Murthy Shashidhar Associate Professor of Pathology Fiji School of Medicine. •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  7. 7. Atherosclerosis Hypertension Myocardial Infarction (MI) Stroke IHD - Ischemic Heart Disease VHD - Valvular Heart Disease RHD – Rheumatic Heart Disease CHD - Congenital Heart Disease •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  8. 8. “Chronic inflammatory disorder of intima of large blood vessels characterised by formation of fibrofatty plaques called atheroma”. Hardening of arteries - Arteriosclerosis •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  9. 9.      Large elastic arteries – Starts in Intima Fat deposits, Hardening and destruction. Major cause of IHD, MI & Stroke. Incidence is decreasing since 1995 Better understanding & Change in life style. •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  10. 10.      Non modifiable Age – middle to late. Sex – Males, complications Genetic - Hyperchol. Family history.       Potentially Modifiable Hyperlipidemia – HDL/LDL ratio. Hypertension. Smoking. Diabetes Life style, diet, excercise •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  11. 11.      Unknown etiology – Hyperlipidemia, life style, hypertension, smoking, genetic etc. Starts with Initial intimal injury, inflammation, necrosis, Lipid accumulation, Fibrosis Atheroma. Leads to Obstruction or destruction of vessel Organ damage due to ischemia. Complications - Thrombosis, embolism, aneurism, dissection & rupture. •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  12. 12.       Aorta, Carotid & Iliac. (large vessels) Major Vessels - Heart, Brain & Kidney. Coronary Renal Abdominal Limbs •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  13. 13.      Fatty Dots Fatty Streaks Atheromatous – Soft Plaque Fibrofatty – Hard Plaque Complications Ulceration, Rupture,Hemorrhage, Thrombosis  Atheroemboli or cholesterol emboli.  •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  14. 14. Stage VI III II •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  15. 15. •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  16. 16. •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  17. 17. •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  18. 18. •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  19. 19. •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  20. 20. •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  21. 21.        Heart attack – Myocardial infarction. Stroke – Cerebral infarction Gangrene – tissue infarction. Kidney failure – Kidney infarction. Aneurysms Rupture Thromboembolism. •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  22. 22. •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  23. 23. •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  24. 24. Haemorrhagic Necrosis
  25. 25.     Hypercholesterolemia – Risk Hypertriglyceridemia - less significant LDL – Increased risk HDL – lowers the risk – Reverse transport  Mobilises the cholesterol from tissues to liver. •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  26. 26.    Mono unsaturated fats Poly unsaturated fats Omega-3 fatty acids (Fish) •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  27. 27. • Good and Bad Fats? • Lower LDL, Increase HDL • Mono unsaturated fats • Poly unsaturated fats • Omega-3 fatty acids (Fish) • LDL indicate Positive lipid balance, HDL – negative. • No Cholesterol in any vegetable oil…? •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  28. 28. "Pleasure in the job puts perfection in the work." -- Aristotle •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  29. 29.      Common Health problem. High Mortality & Morbidity. Etiology – common Atherosclerosis Two major types Angina & MI. Risk factors – Hypertension  Hypercholesterolemia  Diabetes  Smoking, Life style, Diet, Genetic.  •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  30. 30.  Angina Pectoris:  Acute Myocardial Infarction:  Sudden cardiac death:
  31. 31.  Obstruction to blood flow.     Atheroma, Thrombosis Embolism Diminished coronary perfusion. Ischemia – Angina Infarction – Necrosis Inflammation  Granulation tissue  Fibrous scarring.  •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  32. 32. Myocardial Infarction-MI      “Death of heart tissue due to lack of blood supply” Atherosclerosis is the common cause. Coagulative necrosis – intact cell shape. Severe chest pain, breathlessness & sweating Complications –cardiogenic shock, Death or Cardiac failure. •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  33. 33. Myocardial Infarction-MI      1-18h – none 24h – Pale, edema 3-4D – Hemorrhage 1-3W – Thin, yellow 3-6W – Tough white      None Edema, inflammation Necrosis, granulation Granulation tissue Dense Fibrosis •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  34. 34. •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  35. 35. •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  36. 36. • Cardiogenic shock, death • Arrhythmias and conduction defects, • Congestive heart failure (pul edema) • Mural thrombosis, - embolization • Myocardial wall rupture, tamponade • Ventricular aneurysm •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  37. 37.   LDH - 1-5 (1 - 2 flip) CK- Isoenzymes (Fractions) MM - Muscles  MB - Cardiac muscle.  BB - Brain   Troponins •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  38. 38.  1. 2. 3. Aimed to prevent complications. Rest & sedation* Supportive mesures Thrombolytic agents - Streptokinase •www.indiandentalacademy.com
  39. 39. www.indiandentalacademy.com • Leader in continuing dental education • •www.indiandentalacademy.com

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