PATHOLOGY /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

911 views

Published on


The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.

Indian dental academy provides dental crown & Bridge,rotary endodontics,fixed orthodontics,
Dental implants courses.for details pls visit www.indiandentalacademy.com ,or call
0091-9248678078

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
911
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

PATHOLOGY /certified fixed orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy

  1. 1. Pathology An Introduction…. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  2. 2. INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com
  3. 3. Man is the Architect of his life… www.indiandentalacademy.com
  4. 4. Epidemiology Etiology - Causes Pathogenesis - Evolution Morphology - Structural Changes Clinical Significance – Functional Changes Management Complications Prevention www.indiandentalacademy.com Pathology Study of Disease:
  5. 5. Pathology Study of what is abnormal or wrong or disease…! “Scientific Study of Disease” Normal  Abnormal  Treat www.indiandentalacademy.com
  6. 6. Pathology “Is the foundation of medical science and practice. Without pathology, the practice of medicine would be reduced to myths and folklore” www.indiandentalacademy.com
  7. 7. Diagnosis What is “Diagnosis”? – The formal name(s) used to describe a patient’s disease – The process of identifying a disease based on the patient’s symptoms, the doctor’s findings, and the results of investigations and laboratory tests What do you need to make a diagnosis? – A system of classification that supplies the necessary names, definitions, and criteria – The means to ascertain the defining characteristics of a disease in the individual patient www.indiandentalacademy.com
  8. 8. History of Pathology “animism” – Philosophies of Plato – God/devil Magic – Primitive thoughts Humors – Phlegm – excess/deficiency – c300 Abiogenesis – Spontaneous – upto c1800 Environmental – Modern – 1850 to present Genetic – Molecular pathology – 20th century www.indiandentalacademy.com
  9. 9. Past and Present….! In the past, .. people mistook magic for medicine…! Now people mistake medicine for magic….! www.indiandentalacademy.com
  10. 10. Scope of Pathology Experimental Pathology Clinical Pathology www.indiandentalacademy.com
  11. 11. Subdivisions of clinical Pathology: Histopathology Cytopathology Haematology Microbiology Immunology Chemical Pathology Genetics Toxicology Forensic Pathology Histopathologist Cytologist Haematologist Microbiologist Biochemist Geneticist Toxicologist Forensic Pathologist Molecular Biologist www.indiandentalacademy.com
  12. 12. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  13. 13. Learning Pathology: General Pathology –Common changes in all tissues. E.g.. Inflammation, cancer, ageing. Systemic Pathology –Specific changes in organs. E.g.. Goiter, pneumonia, breast cancer. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  14. 14. Study of Disease: (Pathology) Epidemiology Etiology - Causes Pathogenesis - Evolution Morphology - Structural Changes Clinical Significance – Functional Changes Management Complications Prevention www.indiandentalacademy.com
  15. 15. Etiology: Environmental agents: – Physical – Chemical – Nutritional – Infections – Immunological – Psychological Genetic Factors: – Age – Genes www.indiandentalacademy.com Multifactorial:
  16. 16. Multifactorial Etiology: Diseases are “caused” due to internal or external factors. Multifactorial: No more “one cause to one disease” Genetic factors affect acquired diseases and environment has profound effect on genetic diseases. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  17. 17. Classification of Diseases: Developmental – genetic, congenital. Inflammatory – Trauma, infections, immune, etc. Neoplastic – tumors cancers Degenerative – ageing. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  18. 18. Pathogenesis: “Sequence of events in the response of cells & tissues to a stimulus/pathogen” starting from the initial stimulus to the ultimate expression of disease.” Gross and microscopic Structure, Function, Chemistry & molecular mechanisms. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  19. 19. Morphology: Structural and associated functional changes in cells, tissues and organs that are characteristic of the disease or condition. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  20. 20. Clinical Significance: Functional derangements and its clinical manifestations resulting from the morphologic changes. Signs and symptoms, course and prognosis of disease depend on the morphology. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  21. 21. Techniques in Pathology: Gross Pathology: Light Microscopy Histochemistry, Biochemical Immunohistochemistry Electron Microscopy Cell Cultures, Medical Microbiology Molecular Pathology www.indiandentalacademy.com
  22. 22. Sample Case: www.indiandentalacademy.com
  23. 23. Clinical Details: 34 year Fijian male Neck swelling, 2-3 months, Fever, weight loss, no other lymphadenopathy Lymphnode biopsy done www.indiandentalacademy.com
  24. 24. Right neck mass www.indiandentalacademy.com
  25. 25. Lymphnode Biopsy •Diffuse tumour •Capsule www.indiandentalacademy.com
  26. 26. Lymphnode Biopsy •Large cells •Mitotic figures www.indiandentalacademy.com
  27. 27. Histiocytic/Tcell NHL Diffuse pattern – no follicles. Large cells with moderate cytoplasm Plenty of mitotic figures, Nuclei are vesicular prominent nucleoli Features suggest T-cell NHL – malignant lymphoma. Needs further marker studies for typing & management. cancer Chemotherapy. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  28. 28. Pathology Summary: Etiology: – Carcinogenesis. DNA Damage, Mutation. Pathogenesis: – Uncontrolled cell division, tumor. Morphology: – Enlarged lymphnodes, liver, spleen, microscopically – lymphoma cells. Clinical Features: – Fever, Wt loss, tumor-Ln, Liver, Spleen. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  29. 29. "Never does a man portray his character more vividly than when he is proclaiming the character of another." Winston Churchill 1874-1965, Former British Prime Minister www.indiandentalacademy.com
  30. 30. www.indiandentalacademy.com Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com

×