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Back to Basics - Edible Gardening 101


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This class is for people who may be brand-new to food gardening, returning to it from an extended absence, or starting over in a new climate. It introduces the garden calendar for this region and offers guidelines for what you will need to do and when in order to be an effective grower in the Portland area.

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Back to Basics - Edible Gardening 101

  1. January 2012 © Independence Gardens LLC Download the handout that goes along with this slideshow! h p:// Edible Gardening 101 Independence Gardens Portland, ORTuesday, January 31, 2012
  2. What We’ll Cover Today Intro we are Independence Gardens • We build raised beds, chicken coops, & other garden infrastructure • Help with garden planning, prep, and installation • Teach edible gardening classes • & make Doo Tees!Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  3. What We’ll Cover Today Preview Topics We’ll Cover Got Questions? • Edible gardening vs. other gardening Please ask as we go along. • Edible for whom? (your garden friends & theirs) • PNW opportunities • KISS (modi ed) • Planning & participant-observation • Quick & long-term soil prep • Planting & plant care • Harvesting & reinvestingTuesday, January 31, 2012
  4. Gardening vs. edible gardening Gardening = a verb, either way! Planting an edible garden usually means a focus on the end product (edible-for-you) But broadening the de nition helps...Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  5. Edible…for whom? • For the birds – Domestic and wild • For the bees – & other pollinators • For the “bugs” – Bene cial insects • For the soil – Actually, for microorganisms in the soil • For you! – And other peopleTuesday, January 31, 2012
  6. Some of your friends Ground beetle Lacewing “Ladybug” Hover ies Wasp Praying mantis Pirate bug Rove beetleTuesday, January 31, 2012
  7. Some of their friends Amaranth Dill (& fennel, too) Alyssum Yarrow Sun ower ink Parsley Lemon balm Apiaceae & AsteraceaeTuesday, January 31, 2012
  8. ank goodness… • Some of their friends are also your friends • Because gardening can be stressful especially when you’re trying to grow your own food – Unpredictable weather – (In)appropriate timing – Pests and disease – Uncertainty/lack of con dence • And we gardeners can use all the friends we can get! • Also, ensuring that your garden is edible for other-than-you is a backup plan for a garden gone helps us relaxTuesday, January 31, 2012
  9. Here in the PNW • Everything grows here...almost all the time – You have lots of options – You can garden according to your personal needs & preferences – But always remember to take care of your garden space so it will continue to take care of you – And keep it managed! USDA Zone 8 • De ned by minimum temps Sunset Zone 6 • De ned by range of temps and moistureTuesday, January 31, 2012
  10. Our advice: KISS • Keep • It • Small & • SimpleTuesday, January 31, 2012
  11. Planning your garden • Timing • Tools – Always! (as in, you’re always – Camera planning) – Paper and pen(cil) – Focus on the “off-season” so – Whiteboard you can focus on doing during the “on-season” – Graph paper • Techniques – Excel spreadsheets – Observation – Computer so ware – Documentation – Talking to other people – Mapping Main gardening season: – Calendaring – Goal-se ing April 15-Oct. 24Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  12. Participant-observation • Start with this... and keep it up! – Winter is a good time to slow down and start watching • Include info-gathering – First & last frost dates – General gardening calendar – Characteristics of your garden space – Picking other gardeners’ brainsTuesday, January 31, 2012
  13. Preparing the soil • Year-round – Cover cropping – Lasagna gardening • TODAY – Double-digging • Remove sod • Dig trench along one end & move soil to other end of garden bed • Fill rst trench with compost & incorporate soil from next one over • At the end of the bed, incorporate soil from rst trench with compost • Smooth surface into planting bedTuesday, January 31, 2012
  14. Planting • Gather information about the plants you’re planting – Plant tags are a good resource – Local nurseries – Extension Service publications • Plant plants that you will interact with frequently near where you spend most of your time • Plant plants that need similar things near each other • Plant tall plants on the north side of your garden (‘cause the sun comes from the south) • Utilize existing infrastructure, or build newTuesday, January 31, 2012
  15. Plant care • Spend time in your garden • Keep observing • Use the right tools & techniques (including weeding, thinning, and irrigation) • Use weed-suppression techniques like mulching – Weed non-obsessively (or get someone else to help you out )Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  16. Plant care • Spend time in your garden • Keep observing • Use the right tools & techniques (including weeding, thinning, and irrigation) • Use weed-suppression techniques like mulching – Weed non-obsessively (or get someone else to help you out )Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  17. Harvesting • Some plants you will harvest all at once – Determinate tomatoes – Bush beans • Some, you can continue to use – Annuals – Perennials – Succession plantingTuesday, January 31, 2012
  18. Always reinvesting • e garden should give you a great harvest and much satisfaction – It may also disappoint... • Celebrate successes • Compost your scraps and your “failures” (turn them into learning experiences!) • And continue to learn and support yourself and your loved onesTuesday, January 31, 2012
  19. Next steps for you! • Take a deep breath...go home (whew!)...and tell someone about what you just learned • Write down what you want to grow, then nd the seeds in a local seed catalogue • Get the seeds and start them indoors (if possible) • Prep the soil where you will plant • Find/make a garden calendar • As soon as it’s time, start planting...then keep it up!Tuesday, January 31, 2012
  20. Questions? Before A erTuesday, January 31, 2012