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  1. 1. How to learn english using media grammar listening reading vocabulary writing How to improve your pronounciacion 1. Learn the following rules concerning pronunciation. 2.English is considered a stressed language while many other languages are considered syllabic. 3.In other languages, such as French or Italian, each syllable receives equal importance (there is stress, but each syllable has its own length). 4. English pronunciation focuses on specific stressed words while quickly gliding over the other, non-stressed, words. 5. Stressed words are considered content words: Nouns e.g. kitchen, Peter - (most) principal verbs e.g. visit, construct - Adjectives e.g. beautiful, interesting - Adverbs e.g. often, carefully 6. Non-stressed words are considered function words: Determiners e.g. the, a - Auxiliary verbs e.g. am, were - Prepositions e.g. before, of - Conjunctions e.g. but, and - Pronouns e.g. they, she 7. Read the following sentence aloud: The beautiful Mountain appeared transfixed in the distance. speaking pronounci ation video
  2. 2. How to learn english using media vocabulary grammar listening reading writing Preparing the content of speech 1. Organizing your speech o Introduction o Body o Conclusion 2. Planing the body o Deside on the main poin tha will support or crarify your central idea o Write the main poin as complet sentense o Arrange the central idea and main poin a logical organizational pattern speaking pronounciation VIDEO
  3. 3. How to learn english using media vocabulary grammar listening reading writing Parts of speech and vocab rules Verbs Regular Verbs (work, worked, worked) Irregular Verbs (go, went, gone) Phrasal Verbs Phrasal Verbs Quiz Nouns Adjectives Adjectives Irregular Adjectives (good, better, the best) Adverbs Adverbs of Manner Adverbs of Place Adverbs of Time Adverbs of Degree Prepositions Prepositions Short List (at, by, concerning) Prepositions List - full list with example sentences English Prepositions List - downloadable ebook (free) Interjections Interjections List (oh!, um, ah!) pronounciation speaking video
  4. 4. How to learn english using media vocabulary grammar listening reading writing Gerund and Present Participle (ing form) •Introduction •As present participle •Gerunds •Verbs followed by gerund •Gerund or infinitive? •Gerund/infinitive - difference in meaning speaking pronounciation video Present tense Past tense Future tense
  5. 5. How to learn english using media vocabulary grammar listening reading writing . Stop Talking “If we were supposed to talk more than we listen, we would have two tongues and one ear.” Mark Twain. Don't talk, listen. When somebody else is talking listen to what they are saying, do not interrupt, talk over them or finish their sentences for them. Stop, just listen. When the other person has finished talking you may need to clarify to ensure you have received their message accurately. 2. Prepare Yourself to Listen Relax. Focus on the speaker. Put other things out of mind. The human mind is easily distracted by other thoughts – what’s for lunch, what time do I need to leave to catch my train, is it going to rain – try to put other thoughts out of mind and concentrate on the messages that are being communicated. 3. Put the Speaker at Ease Help the speaker to feel free to speak. Remember their needs and concerns. Nod or use other gestures or words to encourage them to continue. Maintain eye contact but don’t stare – show you are listening and understanding what is being said. speaking pronounciation video
  6. 6. 4. Remove Distractions Focus on what is being said: don’t doodle, shuffle papers, look out the window, pick your fingernails or similar. Avoid unnecessary interruptions. These behaviours disrupt the listening process and send messages to the speaker that you are bored or distracted. 5. Empathise Try to understand the other person’s point of view. Look at issues from their perspective. Let go of preconceived ideas. By having an open mind we can more fully empathise with the speaker. If the speaker says something that you disagree with then wait and construct an argument to counter what is said but keep an open mind to the views and opinions of others. listening
  7. 7. How to learn english using media vocabulary grammar listening reading writing Reading is a complex cognitive process of decoding symbols in order to construct or derive meaning (reading comprehension). It is a means of language acquisition, of communication, and of sharing information and ideas. Like all language, it is a complex interaction between the text and the reader which is shaped by the reader’s prior knowledge, experiences, attitude, and language community which is culturally and socially situated. The reading process requires continuous practice, development, and refinement. Readers use a variety of reading strategies to assist with decoding (to translate symbols into sounds or visual representations of speech) and comprehension. Readers may use morpheme, semantics, syntax and context clues to identify the meaning of unknown words. Readers integrate the words they have read into their existing framework of knowledge or schema (schemata theory). Other types of reading are not speech based writing systems, such as music notation or pictograms. The common link is the interpretation of symbols to extract the meaning from the visual notations. speaking pronounciation video
  8. 8. How to learn english using media pronounciation speaking vocabulary grammar listening reading writing 1. Stop Talking “If we were supposed to talk more than we listen, we would have two tongues and one ear.” Mark Twain. Don't talk, listen. When somebody else is talking listen to what they are saying, do not interrupt, talk over them or finish their sentences for them. Stop, just listen. When the other person has finished talking you may need to clarify to ensure you have received their message accurately. 2. Prepare Yourself to Listen Relax. Focus on the speaker. Put other things out of mind. The human mind is easily distracted by other thoughts – what’s for lunch, what time do I need to leave to catch my train, is it going to rain – try to put other thoughts out of mind and concentrate on the messages that are being communicated. 3. Put the Speaker at Ease Help the speaker to feel free to speak. Remember their needs and concerns. Nod or use other gestures or words to encourage them to continue. Maintain eye contact but don’t stare – show you are listening and understanding what is being said. video
  9. 9. Computer assisted language learning ( CALL ) Indah Sari English Study 4. C

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