Social Studies Grade 5 Chapter 3 lessons 3 and 4 Reconstruction and Its End Leon

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Social Studies Grade 5 Chapter 3 lessons 3 and 4 Reconstruction and Its End Leon

  1. 1. Social Studies Chapter 3 Lesson 3: Reconstruction Lesson 4: Reconstruction Ends
  2. 2. Lesson Three: Reconstruction
  3. 3. Vocabulary Lesson 3 1. Assassinate---Murder 2. Reconstruction---Plans to rebuild 3. Black Codes---Limited the rights of former slaves 4. Impeach---Bring charges against a public official 5. Acquit---Find not guilty
  4. 4. People to Know • John Wilkes Booth-Assassinated President Lincoln • Andrew Johnson-President after Lincoln • Blanche K. Bruce-Black Senator from Mississippi • Hiram R. Revels- Bruce-Black Senator from Mississippi • Jonathan C. Gibbs-Secretary of State in Florida • Francis L. Cardozo-Secretary of State in South Carolina • Joseph C. Corbin-Superintendent of Schools in Arkansas
  5. 5. Reconstruction Plans
  6. 6. President Lincoln • Re-elected in 1864 • Knew that the South would soon surrender • Facing the task of rebuilding the South • Five days after Gen. Lee surrendered, John Wilkes Booth, an actor, assassinated President Lincoln at Ford’s Theater in Washington.
  7. 7. The Civil War’s Final Victim President Lincoln Killed Assassin John Wilkes Booth April 14, 1865
  8. 8. Reconstruction President Lincoln’s Plans President Johnson’s Plans • Lincoln had already told others of his plans to bring the South back into the Union. • The South was not to be punished for the rebellion. • The South was to be rebuilt. • Similar to Lincoln’s • Not to punish the South • Southern states to hold elections, and when they passed laws against slavery, they could rejoin the Union. • Most Southern citizens had to pledge loyalty to the Union.
  9. 9. Most of the South Was in Ruins
  10. 10. Thirteenth Amendment December 1865 • Ended slavery in the United States and its territories.
  11. 11. The Black Codes • The legislators started meeting again in Southern states, and they stated passing laws to limit the rights of former enslaved people. • Not allowed to vote • Not allowed to travel freely • Not allowed to own certain kinds of property • Not allowed to work at certain jobs
  12. 12. Congress Was Angry • Congress believed President Johnson’s plans for Reconstruction were too easy on the South. • They wanted to punish the South. • They put the South under military rule.
  13. 13. Fourteenth Amendment • It says all people born in the United States are citizens and have the right to vote. • To rejoin the Union, the former Southern states had to rewrite their constructions.
  14. 14. Congress Takes Action Union Soldier Enforcing Laws Southerners Swearing Oath of Allegiance
  15. 15. President Johnson’s Impeachment • President Johnson tried to stop some of Congress’s plan • Congress passed limits on the President’s powers. • Johnson tried to fire his Secretary of War, which Congress had forbidden. • He was impeached, but acquitted. • He stayed in office, but was a weaken President.
  16. 16. New Elections • Southern states agreed to Congress’ new plans and held new elections that allowed African Americans to vote. • Blanche K. Bruce and Hiram R. Revels were elected to the Senate from Mississippi. • Twenty African American were elected to Congress during Reconstruction.
  17. 17. Faces of Change Blanche K. Bruce Hiram R. Revels
  18. 18. African Americans Served in State Government, Too • Jonathan C. GibbsSecretary of State in Florida. • Francis I. CardozoSecretary of State in South Carolina • Joseph C. CorbinSuperintendent of Schools in Arkansas Joseph C. Corbin
  19. 19. Need to Know • What were the different plans for Reconstruction? • What were the Black Codes? • Why did Congress disagree with President Johnson’s Reconstruction plans? • Why was the Fourteenth Amendment written? • Know the vocabulary for this lesson, and the list of people involved. • Be able to summarize the work of African Americans during Reconstruction.
  20. 20. Lesson Four: Reconstruction Ends
  21. 21. Vocabulary Lesson 4 • 1. Freedmen-----People who had been enslaved • 2. Sharecropping-Workers paid in a part of a crop • 3. Secret Ballot----No one knows how someone voted • 4. Segregation------Keeping groups of people apart based on race or culture
  22. 22. People to Know President Rutherford B. Hayes • In 1877, pulled federal troops out of the South, and Reconstruction was over. Booker T. Washington • African American leader • Worked to provide better education for former slaves. • Founded Tuskegee Institute in 1881
  23. 23. President Rutherford B. Hayes
  24. 24. Booker T. Washington
  25. 25. The South’s Economy Problems • After the Civil War, the South’s economy was ruined. • The economy affected both blacks and whites. • The land was rendered useless. • There were no seeds for a new crop and no one to work the land. Solutions • Congress established the Freedmen’s Bureau in 1865. • Gave out food and supplies • It mainly set up schools. • Built more than 4,000 schools.
  26. 26. Hard Times Workers Without Work Charleston, South Carolina
  27. 27. Sharecropping Ex-Slaves • Many had to stay on the plantations where they had been slaves. • Many who left as soon as they were freed, had to return. • They had to return to the labor they did as slaves. Landowners • Set up sharecropping, a system in which the landowner provided a cabin, mules, tools, and seed. • The worked did not pay in money, but in a share of the crop when it was raised. • Even in good times, the worker shares paid very little.
  28. 28. Picking Cotton
  29. 29. Reconstruction Ends Taking Away Voting Rights Segregation • Many landowners organized to regain their authority. • They wanted to control how people voted. • Many states in 1860’s did not have a secret ballot. • Secret societies were formed to keep African Americans from voting. • Birth of the KKK, Ku Klux Klan • Used violence against blacks and anyone who tried to help former slaves. • Segregation became the normal thing. • Segregation keeps people in separate groups based on race or culture.
  30. 30. A KKK Rally
  31. 31. “Jim Crow” Laws Separated by Segregation • “Jim Crow” Laws passed to keep segregation in place in many states. • Laws set up a system that forced the races apart. • If someone broke one of these laws, he/she would be arrested and punished. Separate, But Unequal
  32. 32. Need to Know • Know the challenges the South faced after the war • Know the vocabulary and People • Know about the economy of the South after the war • Know about sharecropping • Know about segregation and “Jim Crow” Laws
  33. 33. The End: Chapter 3 the Civil War and Reconstruction

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