Inca trail


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The “Inca Trail” is famous around the world, though the trail many tourists know is just a small sector of the thread of Inca paths that held this great empire together.

The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu is part of an extensive Inca system of trails of more than 23,000 kilometres that integrated the Tahuantinsuyo Empire (which means four regions) that covered Colombia, the west of Brazil, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia, to the centre of Chile and the north of Argentina. These trails tended to be principally on the coast or in the mountains but in a few cases they reached the tropical edge of the jungle.

The Inca Trails were without a doubt one of the marvels of Tahuantinsuyo, according to the Peruvian historian, José Antonio del Busto, who explains that the Inca Huayna Capac most increased the network of trails in order to quickly mobilise his army.

The trails varied in quality and size, they could be 6 to 8 metres wide on the coast but, in the mountains the paving was only one metre wide but the path was audaciously steep and climbed over the difficult Andean mountains.

There are a number of ancient paths close to Cusco – for example, at Qhorqa, some 20 kilometres from Cusco. On the route to Huchuy Qosqo, there is another interesting Inca Trail. These were constructed perfectly and are still used without much modification.

Machu Picchu, Cusco - PeruHugh Thompson writes in his highly recommended book, “The White Rock”: “We are used to a road system designed for the horse and then for the car: a system which tries at all cost to avoid steep gradients and whose ideal (so established by the Romans) is the straight road over flat ground. The Inca needs were very different: the expansion of their Empire was driven by the llama, which as a pack animal could carry their merchandise over long distances … Along the route, Inca tambos, the resting houses used by such merchants, as well as by chasquis, the Inca messengers, and by the Inca armies, would have plentiful supplies of p’olqo, the cloth used for protecting llamas’ delicate feet on the stone paths.

The llama was an all purpose provider. As well as being a pack animal (although it would never accept a rider), the meat could also be eaten, the dried dung used for fuel, essential in some areas of the high puna above the tree-line, and the coarse wool woven into textiles.

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Inca trail

  1. 1. INCA TRAILWWW.CHAKANATOURPERU.COM<br />Inca Trail specialist: Welcome to Chakana Adventure Travel Official Web Site...!!! <br />
  2. 2. Inca Trail specialist <br />Inca Trail specialist Chakana Adventure Travel is a specialists tour operator and travel agency offering challenging small-group treks and tours, throughout Peru, as well as individually created tailor made itineraries, we aim to discover the spectacular wilderness areas, fascinating native cultures and diverse wildlife of this spellbinding country.<br /> <br />
  3. 3. CLASSIC INCA TRAIL TO MACHUPICCHU 4D/3N<br />Inca Trail Description: Overview<br />Visitors come from all parts of the world to Peru, not only to see Machu Picchu but to walk the Inca Trail, the most famous hike in South America. They come to see the ruins and the scenery which makes this trail so famous. The total distance of the Inca trail is approximately 43 kilometres, departing from the place known as Kilometre 88. To begin the trip, one crosses the narrow bridge at Kusicancha, and afterwards heads towards the left hand side of a forest of Eucalyptus trees. Camping on this night is either in Wayllabamba or Llullucha. The second day is more difficult, as you have to climb to 4200 metres at the Pass of Warmiwañusqa (Dead Woman’s pass). The third day is the longest, but also the most interesting for many people as you can visit impressive ruins like Runkuracay and Sayaqmarca. Camping is either in Phuyupatamarca or Wiñayhuayna. On the final day many groups leave early to see the sun rise over Machu Picchu from the IntiPunku (sun gate). The remainder of the day is spent exploring this fabulous ancient city. <br />
  4. 4. First day – Kilometre 82 to Wayllabamba Campsite<br />This day begins early as passengers are collected from their hotels between 6.30am and 7am. We travel for about 3 hours in the bus with a one hour stop in Urubamba to buy provisions, continuing onto Kilometre 88, which is past the village of Ollantaytambo. Here the passengers must register at the check point in order to begin their hike. From there, there are just 42 kilometres of mountains, Andean valleys, rivers and tropical forests that separate you from Machu Picchu. The first section, heading to the campsite of Miskay, where we can lunch, takes just one hour and is mostly flat with light climbs. After lunch, we cross a canyon. Once out of the canyon, we can see the ruins of the small city of Llactapata. The trail descends to enter the valley of the Kusichaca river, and from there the trail has a light climb to the campsite of Wayllabamba, where we arrive after 2 or 3 hours after the lunch break. The campsite is at 3,000 metres and one can feel the cold at night. After dinner, and before going to bed, it’s great to observe the stars. On nights without stars, it is possible to see the Milky Way. <br />
  5. 5. Second day - Wayllabamba Campsite to Pacaymayo Campsite<br />The Porters wake up the passengers at 6am so that they can pack their things and have breakfast. The second day is considered by many the most difficult because one must climb 1200 metres to the highest point on the trail, the Warmiwañusca Pass (or Dead Woman’s Pass) at 4200 metres. This climb will take about four or five hours. When you arrive at the pass, you may feel like a rest. It can get quite cold at such an altitude so it is necessary to have lots of warm clothes. If you have contracted a porter to carry your things, don’t forget to have a thick jacket and long pants on hand for the pass. Once we have conquered the pass, we continue with a descent to the campsite. The descent takes about two hours, however, some groups like to stop and prepare lunch in the middle of the descent, in order to rest a little. Other groups like to have lunch in the campsite for the night - at Pacaymayo. In this form, you can rest for the whole afternoon. There are cold showers available at this campsite. Advice: It is possible to contract the services of porters to carry your backpacks for the whole journey. Alternatively, you might like to contract them to carry them to the Pass or to the campsite of Pacaymayo. This is recommended if you don’t feel prepared for the altitude and the long hike, it is more important to enjoy the walk than suffer under your backpack. You can coordinate this with your guide and pay your porter directly.<br />
  6. 6. Third Day: Pacaymayo Campsite to Wiñaywayna campsite<br />The third day is considered the most interesting, but it is also the longest. We begin with an ascent of an hour and a half to the Pass of Runkurakay, at an altitude of 3950 metres. On the trail we visit an ancient control post of the Incas, as well as a lagoon where it is possible to occasionally see deer drinking. Once we have climbed the pass, the rest of the trail is mostly downhill. While on the trail we visit four more ruins, the first being Sayacmarca which in the Inca period was a control point for the trails that headed toward Machu Picchu. After visiting these ruins, we will continue to Phuyupatamarca where groups often lunch. From here, the descent is inclined and tiring because it is mostly stairs. Finally, we arrive at the ruins of Intipata, a complex of terraces and andenes constructed in the middle of the slope of a heavily vegetated mountain. The trail winds finally to the campsite of Wiñaywayna where one can camp, buy a well deserved beer, or take a cold shower. You should also visit the ruins of Wiñaywayna which are similar in type to those of Intipata, but more impressive. <br />
  7. 7. Fourth day Wiñaywayna campsite to Machu Picchu<br />This day begins earlier than normal, at 5.30am, as the groups begin their walk towards Machu Picchu. It is important to carry a torch because it is dark at this time and the path is narrow. We arrive after an hour and a half of hiking at IntiPunku – or the sun gate, where it is it possible to see for the first time the majestic Inca city of Machu Picchu. From here it is only a half hour more to arrive at the ruins where you will have plenty of time to explore. It is recommended, if you have the energy, to climb the peak of Huayna Picchu from where you can have a spectacular view of the lost city. <br />
  8. 8. OurServicesinclude:<br />Pick up all participants from different hotels, then transfer by bus to 82Km. (start of the trail). <br />Entrance Fee, Inca Trail and Machupicchu city. <br />Large tents, each for 2 persons occupancy. <br />Mattresses, one per person. <br />Kitchen tent. <br />Dining tent. <br />Tables and chairs. <br />Toilet tent (This is used in case the campsite does not have toilets). <br />English speaking professional tour guide (over 8 members, 2 guides). <br />Expert cook. <br />Porters (only to carry tents, food supplies and kitchen equipment) <br />Train Ticket (Backpacker train from AguasCalientes village to Cusco). <br />Full meals during the trek. <br />Daily snack bag. <br />Daily afternoon tea service. <br />Daily wake up call tea, and warm water for washing. <br />Daily morning boiled and cold water to refill water bottles. <br />Emergency oxygen bottle and first aid kit. <br />Transfer train station / hotel <br />
  9. 9. Our services does not include<br />Breakfast the first morning (you can order an early breakfast at your hotel) <br />Lunch and Dinner the last day (on your own). <br />Hot springs pools visit (on your own). <br />Bus Ticket from Machu Picchu Inca city to AguasCalientes village. <br />Tips for the crew (guides, cooks and porters). <br />
  10. 10. Bringwithyou:<br />Water <br />Mosquito Repellent <br />Sun block and sunglasses <br />Trekking boots <br />Hat or cap <br />Towel <br />Toilet paper <br />Rain poncho <br />Warm but light Clothes <br /><br />