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Generations of faith Morality november december 2016 sin slides a


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Incarnation Parish November 2017 GOF Adult class on sin

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Generations of faith Morality november december 2016 sin slides a

  1. 1. Generations Of Faith: Morality Sin November/December 2016
  2. 2. Opening Prayer: Our Father This session on Morality will deepen our understanding of: 1. Sin, 2. God’s unlimited capacity for forgiveness, and 3. The help(s) we have available to us. 2
  3. 3. Summary of GOF Session on the Law 3 By Loving God and everyone else we: • Strive to be the best that we can be in service to others, and • Attempt to realize God’s Kingdom on Earth characterized by: Equality Fairness Compassion Mercy Justice
  4. 4. Pre-Reading & Pre-Thinking 4 Pre-Readings: • The Parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:25-37) • The Parable of the Prodigal Son (Luke 15:11-32) Thought questions: • Social sin is a sinful act that has social ramifications – e.g., the inequality of anything that causes a group or individual to be without. Think of some examples of social sin. • A two part not-so-trick question: – What sin does God not forgive? – Which sinner did Jesus send away from himself?
  5. 5. The Israelite Experience as Context 5 Joshua is the warrior leader who leads Israel into the Promised Land Where they engage in many pitched battles with the resident tribes.
  6. 6. Naming Sin 6 Given that the early Israelite experience is as a warrior nation, it only makes sense that the name for sin “chatah” comes from archery: • Sin – is when we miss the mark • Two types of Sin: Social and Personal By what we have done or failed to do.
  7. 7. Social Sin: Examples 7 Examples • Hunger • • Social sin is a sinful act that has social ramifications, e.g., the inequality of anything that causes a group or individuals to be without.
  8. 8. Social Sin: Withholding Resources 8 Great example of social sin is Yahweh’s view of land … very similar to the view held by Native Americans: • Leviticus 25:23 “The land must not be sold in perpetuity, for the land belongs to Me, and to Me you are only strangers and guests.” • God owns the land. • Man is to equitably distribute the land and its food to all. • This is a metaphor for man distributing all that sustains life.
  9. 9. Social Sin: Withholding Resources 9 World Statistics*: • 1/5 of the world’s population lives in absolute poverty. • Every day 40,000 people die of hunger. • Billion people, 1 in 5 humans, do not have decent housing. • 20 million Latin American children sleep in the street. • 1 out of every 4 humans has no access to safe drinking water. • More than half of the world’s adult population cannot read or write. *Statistics from Gerald Darring’s The Perspective of Justice: “Preparing for Christ” from our weekly parish bulletin November 27, 2016.
  10. 10. Social Sin: Harming the Environment 10 World Statistics*: • Burning of rain forests deplete the ozone layer protecting us from the sun’s rays. • Black crude oil is deposited along the delicate shoreline of the world. • Noxious gases sent into the air return as acid rain. • Lakes and streams are polluted by industrial waste. • Radioactive materials exist that will take centuries to break down. *Statistics from Gerald Darring’s The Perspective of Justice: “Preparing for Christ” from our weekly parish bulletin November 27, 2016.
  11. 11. Social Sin: Violence & War 11 World Statistics on War*: • More than half of the countries of the world have used violence against their own citizens in the form of: – Torture, – Brutality, and – Summary executions. • Number of people who have died in wars: – In the 18th century 4 million people – In the 19th century 8 million people – In the 20th century 100 million people *Statistics from Gerald Darring’s The Perspective of Justice: In Teaching us Charity” from our weekly parish bulletin.
  12. 12. Personal Sin 12 Personal sin is anything that has us falling short of loving God and everyone else. The parable of the “Good Samaritan”: • Priest • Levite • Samaritan Both have “good reasons” to pass by … if they touch this person the required ritualistic cleansings will make them late for their appointed tasks. While “good reasons”, they are not good enough!
  13. 13. Personal Sin: My Story of Missing the Mark 13 Having just emerged from confession at Arch Street Chapel, I was feeling pretty good about myself as I got on the Orange Line to come home. At the top of the stairs of the Wellington “T” stop there was a woman who asked for money for food. She appeared to be disheveled and people were passing her by. Startled at seeing her and a bit embarrassed I walked by her saying “Not today”. To make matters worse she was standing outside of the Dunkin Donut stand and I had a DD card in my pocket!
  14. 14. Personal Sin: My Story of Missing the Mark 14 I had all of the ingredients present in the Parable of the “Good Samaritan”. • I had a “good reason” to pass by her … she would probably use the money for bad purposes. This is negated by the fact that I could have purchased food for her with money or the DD card. • But really, I was taken aback by her request and in my embarrassment of what to do I said “Not today” without making eye contact.
  15. 15. What Does God Want from Us: Teachings of Saint Ignatius 15 Saint Ignatius, founder of the Jesuits, was a bit of a mystic and came to the conclusion that: • The Spirit of God wants us to live in the light … to be happy, content, and at peace. • Anything that causes us unrest or discontent is used by the Evil One to keep us in the darkness. • When faced with this, we should drag the issue kicking and screaming into the light by talking it over with someone.
  16. 16. Personal Sin: My Story of Missing the Mark 16 When I came home I shared my story and disappointment of myself with my wife, Claire, who is my moral compass. That evening we were walking in the downtown Theatre District when I saw a homeless person with a cup in hand. I made it a point to stop and talk with him while also providing some money. My guilt had caused me to reflect on the experience with the woman at the “T” stop and my conversation with Claire helped to clarify what I felt would be the right action for me to take the next time.
  17. 17. Personal Sin 17 The more we become self-aware, the more we can discern: • Those things that propel and • Those things that retard our personal growth. By living in the light we can share more of our love with others! As a friend of mine once said, “ The truth will set you free, but first it will make you miserable”. Enter conscience!
  18. 18. Conscience: Our Moral Compass 18 Guilt arises when there is a gap between our idealized self (who we want to be) … and our actual self (who we are). We will cover more on conscience in our next GOF session … February!
  19. 19. The Antidote to Sin: Reflection 19 The Church calendar gives us two periods of communal self-reflection and personal growth: • Advent • Lent In addition we have the special moments of grace when we can learn from reflective experience: • Plus – What did I do well that I should continue to do? • Delta – What can I do even better the next time?
  20. 20. Advent : Prepare for the Coming of Jesus 20 Advent we await the coming of Jesus in two ways: • We prepare to deepen our awareness of what our faith means to us each year. • We await the second coming of Jesus Synod of Bishops, 1971, we are called to: • Lessen injustice, violence, and hatred and • Advance justice, freedom, brotherhood, and love.
  21. 21. Quotes from a Worldly Saint 21 • While striving to be the best we can be … • “Saint” Denzel Washington playing the role of Robert McCall in the movie The Equalizer speaking to a colleague in training … • “We are after improvement not perfection.” “Worldly Saint”
  22. 22. God’s Forgiveness 22 A not–so-trick pair of questions: A. What sin does God not forgive? B. Which sinner did Jesus send away from Himself? But before we answer, some additional information … Answers • • •
  23. 23. God’s Forgiveness 23 A not–so-trick two questions … • What sin does God not forgive? • Which sinner did Jesus send away from him? Parable of the Prodigal Son: • Younger son asks for his inheritance. • Once given, he squanders it. • He comes home and begs for his father’s forgiveness. Father kisses him, places a robe on him, and throws him a party. • “For he who was lost has been found.”
  24. 24. God’s Forgiveness 24 Jesus breaks away from the social norm/standard of the day: • In the Parable, the Father has given an inheritance to the younger son. Tradition holds that the older son is the one who receives the inheritance with the obligation to care for the entire family. • The Father returns the prodigal son to full son-ship and standing. Tradition holds that the Father should exact some retribution/suffering from the son on his return.
  25. 25. God’s Forgiveness 25 God’s forgiveness is all encompassing: • Jesus forgives the soldiers who are crucifying him. • “Father, forgive them for they know not what they are doing.” God’s love is so immense that all we have to do is ask for forgiveness and it will be granted.
  26. 26. God’s Forgiveness: The Story of Two Followers 26 Judas Peter What He Did • Betrayed Jesus • Betrayed Jesus Why He Did It • 30 pieces of silver • Force hand of Messiah • Fear of arrest and possible torture/prison Later Response • Intense Guilt • Intense Guilt Felt God Would Felt self would • Not forgive him • Not forgive self • Possibly not forgive him • Not forgive self Where He Went • Isolated self from others • Returned to the Upper Room with others What Happened • Hung himself • Risen Jesus forgives him 3 times
  27. 27. God’s Forgiveness 27 Saint Ignatius would say that: • Judas stayed in the “darkness” where the Evil One was able to negatively influence him. • Peter drags his guilt kicking and screaming into the light where the other Apostles can share how they, too, abandoned Jesus. He is not alone and is eventually open to the forgiving Spirit.
  28. 28. God’s Forgiveness 28 What is our answer to these not–so-trick pair of questions: A. What sin does God not forgive? B. Which sinner did Jesus send away from Himself? Answers • • •
  29. 29. God’s Forgiveness 29 Pope Francis in his Apostolic letter: • Released on Monday November 21, 2016 • Marking the conclusion of the church’s yearlong Jubilee of Mercy • Giving priests worldwide the power to grant forgiveness (absolution) for abortion … “…there is no sin that God’s mercy cannot reach and wipe away when it finds a repentant heart seeking to be reconciled with the Father.”
  30. 30. Summary: Sin and God’s Forgiveness 30 God’s Forgiveness • God is love and forgiveness. • The Spirit of God is always with us. • As with Peter, grace can come to us through others … our faith community. Sin When we “miss the mark” we: • Ask for forgiveness. • Begin anew. • Put into practice what we have learned.
  31. 31. Sin: A Final Thought 31 Article from America (October 3, 2016 ) on St. Francis of Assisi written by Franciscan Friar, Daniel P. Horan, entitled, “St. Francis in Full”. Gave two accounts from those who lived with him of Francis acting less than saintly: • Rebuking a friar who had brought a leper into their chapel. • Leaving another Friar to combat a fire in the kitchen alone while Francis ran into the woods.
  32. 32. Sin: A Final Thought 32 The article ended with this final paragraph: “Like Francis, we will struggle and sin. But also like Francis, we have the opportunity to surrender our egos, be vulnerable, and seek reconciliation. Being a saint isn’t about being without sin; it’s about not letting sin have the last word.”* * “St. Francis in Full”, Daniel P. Horan , O.F.M., America (October 3, 2016 ).
  33. 33. Upcoming GOF Sessions on Morality 33 • Conscience – the rudder that helps steer us along the journey, and • Life is Good – Living as the Spirit of God intends us to live with joy, contentment, and peace!
  34. 34. Today’s GOF Session: Plus / Delta 1) Plus: What about this GOF session worked and we should continue in future sessions? 2) Delta: What process improvements or upgrades should we make for future GOF sessions? 34 DeltaPlus
  35. 35. November/December 2016 Thank you for being with us today! Generations Of Faith: Morality Sin