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Advancing Open Access through Collaboration

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Presented to members of the Central University of Technology on 20 October 2015.

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Advancing Open Access through Collaboration

  1. 1. 1 Advancing access to information through collaboration Ina Smith 20 October 2015 Central University of Technology Open Access Week 19-25 October 2015
  2. 2. What is Open Access about?
  3. 3. In a statement released by Linda Jarvis, Chief Financial Officer at Wits, her office explains the increase: “Some of the key reasons are: The rand-dollar exchange rate has fallen by approximately 22%, which has resulted in a substantial increase in the amount of money that we pay for all library books, journals, electronic resources research equipment that are procured in dollars and euros.” http://connect.citizen.co.za/25760/why-is- wits-raising-its-fees/
  4. 4. Rich vs Poor
  5. 5. Berlin Declaration • We define open access as a comprehensive source of human knowledge and cultural heritage that has been approved by the scientific community. • In order to realize the vision of a global and accessible representation of knowledge, the future Web has to be sustainable, interactive, and transparent. Content and software tools must be openly accessible and compatible. http://openaccess.mpg.de/Berlin-Declaration
  6. 6. Why Open Access? • Research is expensive – funded with tax payers’ money • Publishing research on WWW comes at minimal cost • Open access accelerates pace of scientific discovery, encourages innovation, enriches education, stimulate economy – to improve public good … http://openaccess.mpg.de/Berlin-Declaration
  7. 7. Musk says that the new open source policy’s goal is to help stem climate change. He writes: “It is impossible for Tesla to build electric cars fast enough to address the carbon crisis.” http://www.forbes.com/sites/briansolomon/2 014/06/12/tesla-goes-open-source-elon-musk- releases-patents-to-good-faith-use/
  8. 8. Date Downloads Nov 2013 984 May 2014 1 534 Oct 2015 2 289
  9. 9. • Open scholarly repositories • Open scholarly journals • Open scholarly monographs • Open scholarly conference proceedings • Open data set repositories • Open Educational Resources (OERs) • Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) Approaches to Open Access
  10. 10. Every part of the scientific method is nowadays becoming an open, collaborative, and participative process: • Transparency in experimental methodology, observation, and collection of data • Public availability and reusability of scientific data • Public accessibility and transparency of scientific communication • Using web-based tools to facilitate scientific collaboration Open Science
  11. 11. • International • Funders, Publishers, SPARC USA, SPARC Europe, UNESCO, etc • National • Academy of Science of South Africa (ASSAf) • National Research Foundation (NRF) • etc • Institutional • Library, Research Office, IP & Copyright Office, etc Levels of Collaboration
  12. 12. Institutional Repository
  13. 13. Institutional Stakeholders @ CUT
  14. 14. Institutional Stakeholders
  15. 15. Library as a Stakeholder (1) • Library Management • Strategic planning – increase impact, visibility, ROI • Portfolio for driving OA • Library budget • Subject Librarians • Recommend OA journals for publication, authoritative vs predatory • Assist with publishing process • Data Management Planning • Knowledge of repositories
  16. 16. Library as a Stakeholder (2) • Subject Librarians (cont.) • Copyright, Creative Commons Licensing, Plagiarism, File formats (open), ORCIDs, etc. • Cataloguers • What you put in is what you get out • Metadata NB! • Standardisation - names • Inter-library Loans • Requests helps to prioritise in terms of digitisation
  17. 17. Library as a Stakeholder (3) • Support research • Increase research throughput • Disseminate research output
  18. 18. For librarians to survive • High level of IT competency • Self-learning & lifelong learning • Analytical & critical thinking skills • Collaborate
  19. 19. • Targeted intervention into National System of Innovation (NSI) – focus on: • Quality, quantity, worldwide visibility of research publications • Fostering of new generation highly competent & productive scientists, scholars • Recommendations re publishing & funding of SA research ASSAf Scholarly Publishing Unit (SPU)
  20. 20. Quality, Quantity, Visibility (1) Selected journals indexed by SciELO South Africa, Web of Science portal (58)
  21. 21. Quality, Quantity, Visibility (2) Increase in dissemination & usage
  22. 22. Quality, Quantity, Visibility (3) SciELO South Africa included in DHET list of accredited indices Norwegian Registry for Scientific Journals, Series and Publishers
  23. 23. Quality, Quantity, Visibility (4) Applying best practise
  24. 24. Fostering new generation scholars (1) • Webinars (ORCID, Creative Commons, OJS) • Training & consultancy (OJS) • A-Z resource of scholarly publishing https://academyofsciencesa.wikispaces.c om • Workshop on Good Practise Publishing (CrossRef)
  25. 25. Fostering new generation scholars (2) • National Code of Best Practice in Editorial Discretion and Peer Review for South African Scholarly Journals • National Scholarly Editors Forum Meeting (NSEF) • SciELO South Africa User’s Group Meeting • Building capacity …
  26. 26. Recommendations re funding • Measuring impact (Bibliometrics) • DHET Research Output Policy … • Peer-review panels: evaluation of books & conference proceedings • Peer-review of journal titles • National Site Licensing project
  27. 27. SA Scholarly Journal Landscape (1) • Feb – April 2015 • 303 DHET accredited journal titles (incl. DHET, WoS, IBSS) (2 discont.) • 58 titles indexed by SciELO SA • 146 Open Access (59 on Directory of Open Access Journals)
  28. 28. • 279 titles have a web page (154 have online ISSN) • 65 titles indexed by WoS (20 on SciELO SA) • 41 listed on IBSS • 115 indexed by Scopus • 163 titles peer-reviewed by ASSAf • 47 titles published by Taylor & Francis • Next: Status re DOIs, ORCIDs, APCs SA Scholarly Journal Landscape (2)
  29. 29. Total of 31 nationally; 16 universities (2 275 internationally) SA Scholarly Repository Landscape
  30. 30. Next … • Part of workflow • Consistent growth • Accreditation • Trusted Repository • Financial sustainability • Organisational viability • Technological & Procedural suitability • Administrative responsibility • Etc. • Standardisation …
  31. 31. SPARC Africa Chapter
  32. 32. Data Management Planning
  33. 33. DIRISA
  34. 34. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/2014- 2019/moedas/announcements/commissioner- moedas-and-secretary-state-dekker-call- scientific-publishers-adapt-their-business_en
  35. 35. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/2014- 2019/moedas/announcements/commissioner- moedas-and-secretary-state-dekker-call- scientific-publishers-adapt-their-business_en “Can publishers afford to stay out of that trend?”
  36. 36. NRF Statement
  37. 37. Negotiations with Publishers
  38. 38. National OA Policy
  39. 39. https://theconversation.com
  40. 40. Thank you! Ina Smith Planning Manager, ASSAf ina@assaf.org.za

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