WHY SAFER SEX? <ul><li>Approximately 65 million Americans currently have an incurable sexually transmitted disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 18 million Americans get one or more STIs every year. </li></ul><ul><li>There has been an increase in the STIs that are viral and incurable. </li></ul><ul><li>Curable and treatable STIs can cause serious health problems if they are not treated early. </li></ul><ul><li>If you have one STI, the symptoms of a second STI may be more serious. </li></ul>Talking to your partner about safer sex can make you feel more comfortable, relaxed, and intimate.
<ul><li>Has either of us, or any of our partners, ever had an STI? When? What was it? Did it ever come back? </li></ul><ul><li>Does either of us have (or have we ever had) any unusual sores, bumps, discharge from the genitals, or other symptoms? Where? </li></ul><ul><li>Have we or any of our other partners ever been exposed to an STI, been tested for an STI, or had an abnormal Pap test? </li></ul><ul><li>What do we usually do to make sex safer? </li></ul><ul><li>What are we going to do right now to prevent disease? </li></ul>
SAFER SEX GUIDELINES <ul><li>Barrier methods rule the day (and the night)
Latex condoms used during vaginal,oral, and anal intercourse are the
It's low-risk if there is no blood mixed in with urine. Protect eyes and broken skin or cuts. </li></ul>
CONDOMS 101 <ul><li>Sex with a man- put the condom on while the penis is erect. Roll condom with your fingers to see which way it unrolls. If you put the wrong side on the penis-use a new condom. Pinch the tip of the penis to get the air out so the condom doesn't break when he ejaculates. Hold the base of the condom so it doesn't come off when the male partner pulls out. </li></ul><ul><li>Use a new condom every time you have sex and carry more than one with you. </li></ul><ul><li>If you or your partner experience irritation try a brand without spermicide. If you experience itching, rash, or dryness use a polyurethane condom. </li></ul><ul><li>Use flavored condoms for oral sex to prevent bacteria infections. Use ribbed condoms for extra sensation. </li></ul><ul><li>Use water-soluble lubricants to prevent condoms from breaking. Never use an oil-based product with latex. </li></ul><ul><li>If male partner can't or won't use a condom use female condoms. They are as convenient as male condoms. </li></ul>
CHALLENGES TO USING PROTECTION <ul><li>Your own attitudes
Who me? I'm not a man or a junkie...I'm too young...I can tell who's infected...I'm afraid he'll refuse..He'd never do anything to hurt me...Talking about sex is too embarrassing..
Complains that sex with condom does not feel as good; some men are afraid that they won't stay hard; men may resent when women initiate safer sex; a lesbian may believe that there's no HIV risk for lesbians and not wash sex toys; partner might feel being accused of sleeping around or of using drugs.
Not learning how to protect yourself makes it more likely to have unsafe sex. Getting incorrect information from friends, family or health care providers. Thinking that if you have an STI, your partner might already have it and safer sex is not longer helpful, however, your partner might not have yet been infected. If both partners are HIV positive, practicing safer sex can prevent being reinfected with a different stain of HIV. </li></ul>
I HAD UNSAFE SEX-WHAT SHOULD I DO? <ul><li>STI diagnosis and treatment </li></ul>If you have been raped, had a condom break, or engaged in unprotected sex with someone who you know or think might have HIV, your health care provider may be able to get medication that will prevent infection from developing. <ul><li>The morning after pill </li></ul>If you have unprotected sex and are worried about getting pregnant, the morning after pill will help prevent conception. The pill contains large concentrations of hormones and is best to be taken within 72 hours of having unprotected sex.
Quote and Question Question: How can sexual partners avoid making each other feel that they are being accused of sleeping around or being a drug user? “ That condom seems to pour cold water on the romance by saying, “OK, to be brutally honest, we've both slept with other people.” The condom seems like a statement of distrust: “You could give me a disease, you could kill me.””
Reference <ul><li>Brigham and Women's Hospital. Our Bodies, Ourselves. 35 th Anniversary Edition. Simon and Schuster: New York. 2005 </li></ul>