Gr 2: Current Focus on Information Use


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Current Focus on Information Use

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Gr 2: Current Focus on Information Use

  1. 1. Group 2:Current Focus on Information System Use Roha Mukhtar (16) Iqra Aziz (20) Afifa Mukhtar (31) Komal Mehmood (38) Nabila Mukhtar (39) Maryam Tahir (60)
  2. 2.  Set of interrelated components that collect, manipulate, store, and disseminate data and information and provide feedback mechanism to meet an objective.  Complementary networks of hardware and software that people and organizations use to collect, filter, process, create and distribute data.  Example: (TPS) System that performs or records daily routine transactions such as sales order entry, employee record keeping.
  3. 3.  An information system which is developed and or used in a global context.  Information system which attempts to deliver the totality of measurable data worldwide within a defined context.  System that serves organizations in multiple countries  Used by multinational corporations
  4. 4.  Hardware - documentation  Software – user interface  Data – sharing  People – language, relationships  Procedures – values, expectations
  5. 5.  Allows organization to operate efficiently and effectively in countries beyond where they started or are primarily located  Allows organization to take advantage of cheaper labor where it is available  Allows organization to take advantage of skilled labor where it is available.  the Internet and the Web make global interaction much easier.  the Web and Internet also offer the opportunity for large cost reductions over more traditional ways of doing business
  6. 6.  Global information systems face challenges Technological barriers Regulations and tariffs Electronic payment mechanisms Different language and culture Economic and political considerations Different measurement standards Legal barriers
  7. 7.  Not all countries have adequate information technology infrastructures  Unable to build international IS  Broadband communication lines needed  Can offer two versions of Websites to compensate for slower bandwidth
  8. 8.  Countries have different importing regulations  Executives reluctant because of hassles  Comply with laws of destination countries  NextLinx help importers and exporters for Web commerce by providing tariffs, customs delay information, license requirements, etc.
  9. 9.  E-commerce allows easy payment for online purchases  Credit cards preferred payment method in North America  Not all countries adopt this preference Japanese avoid using credit cards
  10. 10.  International parties must agree on common language  Data not transmittable internationally because information must be translated  English considered de facto international language  Largest companies translate Web sites into local languages
  11. 11.  Different countries vary Tastes Gestures Treatment of people Ethical issues  Conservative groups against “Americanization”  Web designers must be sensitive to cultural differences
  12. 12.  Information is power  Some countries oppose policy of free access to information Gives other nations opportunity to control indigenous resources  Government may require software to be purchased within borders  Government may limit Internet use
  13. 13.  Multinational strategy  Development teams derived from subsidiaries  Global strategy  Development teams derived from parent location  International  Development teams can travel from parent to subsidiaries  Transnational strategy  Development team includes members from both parent and subsidiaries