Keywords

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Keywords

  1. 1. Creating a Keyword Search Learn how to develop a good keyword search. Slideshow by Ian Murray Fraser
  2. 2. About keyword searching: • a KW search asks the system to look for instances of words in the text/bibliographic record. • you can use a KW search in the library catalogue, library databases, and even on Google. • it’s important to think carefully about the words you use and to develop a good search strategy.
  3. 3. Start with a question. Should genetically modified food be labeled differently?
  4. 4. Good research questions: • are interesting. • can’t be answered with yes/no. • aren’t too broad (e.g. what is politics?). • aren’t too specific (e.g what are the socio- economic aspects of physical handicaps on Venezuelan single mothers who give birth in a leap year?). • are supported by evidence in the literature.
  5. 5. Next, identify your keywords. “genetically modified food” label* “Should be ed differently?”
  6. 6. Tips and tricks for keywords: • if applicable, use the asterisk (*) to truncate your words. (e.g. bank*, gets you bank, banks, banking, etc.) • always search for phrases in quotations (“…”). (e.g. “public school”, “Domincan Republic”, “death penalty”, etc.)
  7. 7. Find synonyms. “genetically modified food” “genetically engineered food” “GM food” “genetically modified crops” label* packaging (or packag*) identify (or identif*) sticker tag
  8. 8. Finding synonyms: • using a variety of different words will help you find more stuff. • some words might throw your search off. Having synonyms will help. • the best synonyms will come from your own brain. If you get stuck, use a thesaurus.
  9. 9. Using boolean language: • AND… can be used to narrow your search. (e.g. “animal testing” AND cruelty) • OR… is used to broaden your search. (e.g. police OR “law enforcement”) • NOT… is used to narrow your search. (e.g. dogs NOT “hot dogs”)
  10. 10. Surround your concepts with parentheses “genetically modified food” “genetically engineered food” “GM food” “genetically modified crops” label* packaging (or packag*) identify (or identif*) sticker tag
  11. 11. Add your booleans. “genetically modified food” “genetically engineered food” “GM food” “genetically modified crops” label* packaging (or packag*) identify (or identif*) sticker tag OR OR OR OR OR OR OR AND
  12. 12. This gives you a good search. ( “genetically modified food” OR “GM food” ) AND ( label* OR packag* OR identif* )
  13. 13. Remember: • try using different terms, see what happens. • more ANDs mean fewer results. • more ORs mean more results. • keep track of what works and what doesn’t.
  14. 14. You are now able to create an effective Keyword search. See you next time…

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