Video Coding
Past, Present & Future
Casey King (cking@lifesize.com)
Chief Technology Officer
LifeSize Communications
Octob...
The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013
2 Things
2
The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013
Linear Change: My 20 22 years of Video
3
Page
• 1080p60
• H.264 HP
• SVC
• UltraHD
• H.265
• VP8, VP9
The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013
Video .. Circa 1991
§68K class Processor (20-40 M...
The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013 6
The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013
Video .. Circa 1998
§New Proprietary Codecs
w Ci...
The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013 8
The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013
Video .. Circa 2000
• DV Codec (Firewire)
• Solved...
The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013 10
Page
• Q4 2005: 1280x720
• H.264 BL
• 1 mbps @ 30
• ~50% visible
• Q4 2008: 1920x1080
• ~23% visible
• 2013: 1080p60 HP
• ...
Page
History ofVideo Compression
(come along way in 22 years)
rpza
cinepak
sv1dv25
mpeg4
2005
2003
2001
1999
1997
1995
1993
199...
History ofVideo Compression
(come along way in 22 years)
2014
2013
2012
2011
2010
2009
2008
2007
2006
H.264
HP *
vp8
2015
...
LS H.265: 368 kbps 720p30
LS H.265: 256 kbps 720p30
The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013
VP8/9
§No videos ... you can find your own
§Simi...
The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013
Third year to beat the drum
18
The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013
Assessment of Efforts Recently in VC ...
19
#fail
...
The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013
WW EP & Infrastructure Trends
20
Endpoint Observat...
The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013
Backdrop of Explosive Video Use
§91% of US adults...
The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013
New Video Codec Impact (H.265)
§The Good ... & Ba...
The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013
New Video Codec Impact (VP8/9)
23
The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013
In Summary
§Next decade of Video Codecs have arri...
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Video Coding - Past, Present & Future

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Presentation covers history of the video coding and future coding technologies. Delivered at IMTC 20th Anniversary Forum.

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Video Coding - Past, Present & Future

  1. 1. Video Coding Past, Present & Future Casey King (cking@lifesize.com) Chief Technology Officer LifeSize Communications October 9, 2013
  2. 2. The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013 2 Things 2
  3. 3. The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013 Linear Change: My 20 22 years of Video 3
  4. 4. Page • 1080p60 • H.264 HP • SVC • UltraHD • H.265 • VP8, VP9
  5. 5. The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013 Video .. Circa 1991 §68K class Processor (20-40 MHz) §Bandwidth w CD 150kB/s, HD 2mB/s, X 10mB/s §Hard Drives (80MB), RAM (4MB) §Codecs (rpza - symmetric) §160x120 @ 5-10 fps §Kid King beats QT to 1.0 w 500kbps @ 6 fps 5
  6. 6. The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013 6
  7. 7. The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013 Video .. Circa 1998 §New Proprietary Codecs w Cinepak & Sorenson w Highly Asymmetric §Sarah MacLachlan w 850 kbps @ 24 fps w 320x240 (4x!!) w 24 fps (4x!!) 7
  8. 8. The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013 8
  9. 9. The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013 Video .. Circa 2000 • DV Codec (Firewire) • Solved 10 yr problem • 25 mbps @ 30 fps • iMovie & Final Cut • HDV 2006 9
  10. 10. The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013 10
  11. 11. Page • Q4 2005: 1280x720 • H.264 BL • 1 mbps @ 30 • ~50% visible • Q4 2008: 1920x1080 • ~23% visible • 2013: 1080p60 HP • 200x Kid King 1991
  12. 12. Page
  13. 13. History ofVideo Compression (come along way in 22 years) rpza cinepak sv1dv25 mpeg4 2005 2003 2001 1999 1997 1995 1993 1991 1989 hdv H.263 H.264 H.261 wmv9 mpeg1 mpeg2 sv3 2006 FRExt SVC vc1
  14. 14. History ofVideo Compression (come along way in 22 years) 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 H.264 HP * vp8 2015 SVC vp8* webM vp9 H.265 Constrained
  15. 15. LS H.265: 368 kbps 720p30
  16. 16. LS H.265: 256 kbps 720p30
  17. 17. The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013 VP8/9 §No videos ... you can find your own §Similar in Performance to H.264/5 §It’s Free §Genie is out of the bottle §Must be able to connect to VP8/9 systems 17
  18. 18. The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013 Third year to beat the drum 18
  19. 19. The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013 Assessment of Efforts Recently in VC ... 19 #fail New Video Codecs don’t change this.
  20. 20. The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013 WW EP & Infrastructure Trends 20 Endpoint Observations - CYQ1 EP Mkt $424m - ↓24% Q/Q & ↓11% Y/Y - ASP ↓11% Y/Y Infra Observations - CYQ1 Infra Mkt $139m - ↓34% Q/Q & ↓17% Y/Y - ASP ↓11% Y/Y
  21. 21. The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013 Backdrop of Explosive Video Use §91% of US adults have cell Phone §56% of US adults have SmartPhone §Video calls have tripled since 2011 §... from 7% to 21% ... §Plenty of room to grow! § 60% connect to internet § 52% send and/or receive email § 50% download apps § 49% get directions § 48% listen to music § 8% use for location check in 21 Sept 19, 2013 PewResearchCenter
  22. 22. The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013 New Video Codec Impact (H.265) §The Good ... & Bad w Similar perceived quality at 1/2 the BW w Better quality all the way around w The path to 4k §The Ugly w Plenty of implementation alternatives, but ... w ... they are all TOO EXPENSIVE 22
  23. 23. The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013 New Video Codec Impact (VP8/9) 23
  24. 24. The International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium - Porto 2013 In Summary §Next decade of Video Codecs have arrived w But we need more than just new video codecs w Simpler. Cheaper. It Just Works. §Video usage (including communication) is exploding §webRTC is the real deal w More on this in my presentation tomorrow ;). §Don’t count the conference room yet w More on this in my presentation tomorrow ;). w I’m an optimist! 24

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