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How Insurance Company works


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At Iqra university Peshawar.

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How Insurance Company works

  1. 1. In the name of Allah, the most beneficent, the most merciful.
  2. 2. UPLOADED BY [email_address] How Insurance Companies Work ? Sami Ullah ID#9706 Maaz ID# 9702 Shah Junaid ID#9722 Naveed Afzal ID#9713 Imran ID# 9714 Qazi Fazli Rabi ID#4110 By
  3. 3. Course out lines from I to B <ul><li>What is insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamental of insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Principles of insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages of insurance </li></ul>
  4. 4. Insurance by Definition <ul><li>It is a contract or agreement b/t tow parties by which one of them (called insurer) agree to indemnify the other (called insured) against a lost which may occur to the insured on the happening some event. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Common Terminologies used in Insurance <ul><li>An insurer is a company, selling the insurance. </li></ul><ul><li>An insured is the person or entity buying the insurance policy. </li></ul><ul><li>Premium is the price paid by the customer to the insurance company to purchase the contract . </li></ul><ul><li>Indemnity is the total amount that the insurance company has to pay on behalf of the claim of insured. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What insurance company Do? <ul><li>Collect premium (Least premium per year 20,000) </li></ul><ul><li>Funds (premium) are invested in diversified portfolio </li></ul><ul><li>Company provides the loss suffered by insured person. </li></ul><ul><li>The insurance company collects its premiums from all clients, invests that money in extremely safe investments, such as government bonds, and keeps capital on hand to pay claims made by its clients. </li></ul>
  7. 7. To whom the benefit will be paid <ul><li>Accumulated cash value along with applicable benefit will be paid to the person nominated by the policyholder. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>CAREER PATH IN AN INSURANCE COMPANY </li></ul><ul><li>by </li></ul><ul><li>Maaz </li></ul><ul><li>ID:9702 </li></ul>
  9. 9. CAREER PATH Note: your performance will be evaluated quarterly. Trainee agent (one week ) Sales associate (field force)
  10. 10. Career incentive plan 20,000+ 15,000+ 11,000+ 7,000+ Salary /month 10% 30% 20,000/- Development Officer 10% 40% 100,000/- Senior development manager 10% 35% 60,000/- Development Manager 10% 32% 35,000/- Senior development officer Quarterly bonus on excess premium Basic Commission Business /month Rank
  11. 11. <ul><li>Ethical & legal behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Customer focus </li></ul><ul><li>Positive attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Employee development </li></ul><ul><li>Team work </li></ul><ul><li>Speedy responsiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Profitability </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous process improvement </li></ul>Insurance company’s core values
  12. 12. Principles of insurance by Shah Junaid ID:9722
  13. 13. Principles of insurance <ul><li>Principle of Indemnity </li></ul><ul><li>Principle of Insurable interest </li></ul><ul><li>Principle of Utmost good faith </li></ul><ul><li>Principle of Contribution </li></ul><ul><li>Principle of Subrogation </li></ul><ul><li>Principle of Proximate cause </li></ul>
  14. 14. 1. Principle of Indemnity <ul><li>This means the insured cannot make a profit from an insurance claim. </li></ul><ul><li>For example if you have a four year motorcar and it is damaged, the insurance company will only give you the current value not the value when it was new. </li></ul>
  15. 15. 2. Principle of insurable Interest <ul><li>To insure anything the Insured must have an insurable interest in the subject matter of insurance, i.e. he/she must benefit by its safety or be biased by its loss. </li></ul><ul><li>For example you can insure your own home , but not your friend’s home. </li></ul><ul><li>In the same way you can take out Assurance on your wife’s life, but not that of your neighbour. </li></ul>
  16. 16. 3. Principle of utmost good faith <ul><li>The insured and the insurer are bound by a good faith,honesty and fairness. </li></ul><ul><li>For examples if the loss occurs, they will check the facts and if in-accurate details have been given they will not pay damages to incurred. </li></ul>
  17. 17. 4. Principle of Contribution <ul><li>One can insurance the same propriety item with more then one insurance company, the insured can’t demand more then total loss from all companies put together </li></ul><ul><li>In sample words there is no advantage insuring the same risk with two companies. </li></ul>
  18. 18. 5. Principle of Subrogation <ul><li>Insurance company has the legal right to claim compensation from any other party that caused the accident. </li></ul><ul><li>For example </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicle A hits B, which as a result hits C. </li></ul><ul><li>C will claim of B’s insurance company, but that insurance company has the right to claim from A’s insurance company, as it was A that really caused the damage to C. </li></ul>
  19. 19. 6. Principle of Proximate cause <ul><li>The damage to the prosperity can takes place due to many causes the insurer company will look first cause of damage or the original cause of damage. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Major Types of Insurance by Naveed Afzal ID:9713
  21. 21. There are major two types of insurance: <ul><li>Life insurance : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Own life. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family/Household insurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group insurance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical insurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disability insurance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>General insurance : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Automobile & truck Insurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marine insurance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel insurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Property insurance etc. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Main difference b/w life insurance & general insurance: <ul><li>Life is very long-term in nature — life insurance can cover risks over many decades. </li></ul><ul><li>General insurance cover usually a shorter period, such as one year. </li></ul>
  23. 23. (1) Life Insurance <ul><li>On periodic basis premium is paid by insured. </li></ul><ul><li>If the insured die within that time period, The nominee get a specified amount of money. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two types of life insurance. </li></ul>
  24. 24. (a) Term Life Insurance <ul><li>The most basic one. </li></ul><ul><li>Least expensive. </li></ul><ul><li>Open ended. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You buy coverage for a certain period of time, such as 10, 15, 20 or 30 years. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you die before the term is over, your nominee gets the benefit. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you live beyond the term, the policy expires.  </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. (b) Whole Life Insurance <ul><li>This type of policy never expires. </li></ul><ul><li>As long as premiums are paid, it remains in force. </li></ul><ul><li>Premiums are usually based on your age. </li></ul><ul><li>You'll pay the same amount of premium for the rest of your life. (Start young and the less expensive the premiums will be) </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Steps for Life insurance </li></ul><ul><li>by </li></ul><ul><li>Imran </li></ul><ul><li>ID:9714 </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback@ [email_address] </li></ul>
  27. 27. Step (I) Medical Exam <ul><li>Medical exam include: </li></ul><ul><li>Age, height, weight, nicotine use and other health factors, such as any history of high blood pressure or depression. </li></ul><ul><li>Your health status will determine what rate class category you fit in. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Step (II) Rating Class <ul><li>It will determine the price you pay in premiums. </li></ul><ul><li>As you can guess, a smoker will pay a higher premium than a non-smoker. </li></ul><ul><li>Similarly an over-weight person will pay more than a thin person. </li></ul><ul><li>Buying insurance when you are younger, healthier and a non-smoker, you will save your money in many ways. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Step (III) Filing a Claim <ul><li>In step (iv) there are four steps in filing a claim. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Obtain several copies of the death certificate. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Contact your insurance agent. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Submit a certified copy of the death certificate (or any alternative in extraordinary circumstances) </li></ul><ul><li>4. Once a life insurance claim is submitted, wait for further inquiries. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Step (iv) Settlement Options <ul><li>In some cases there are four settlement options: </li></ul><ul><li>Critical illness benefits: Provide a cash sum upon diagnosis or occurrence of one of 18 critical illnesses, Like: </li></ul><ul><li>Heart attack, cancer, blindness, deafness, loss of speech, loss of limb, kidney failure, coma etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Family income benefit : In case of death of individual during the term, monthly income of 01% to 02% of basic sum assured is paid for remaining term. </li></ul><ul><li>Accidental death and disability : Additional benefits are paid on accidental death and disability. </li></ul><ul><li>Hospital cash benefits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A daily benefit is paid if you are hospitalized. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The benefit is doubled in case of critical illness. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In case of ICU additional 50% cash is paid. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spouse and children can also be covered under this benefit. </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>General insurance </li></ul><ul><li>by </li></ul><ul><li>Qazi Fazal Rabi </li></ul><ul><li>ID:4110 </li></ul>
  32. 32. General insurance <ul><li>It provides protection against risks to property. </li></ul><ul><li>It include specialized forms of insurance such as: </li></ul><ul><li>Home insurance. </li></ul><ul><li>Automobile insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Marine insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Travel insurance etc. </li></ul>
  33. 33. (I) Home insurance <ul><li>It is determined by : </li></ul><ul><li>Where you live (Location). </li></ul><ul><li>Size of your home. </li></ul><ul><li>Structure of your home. </li></ul><ul><li>Property. </li></ul><ul><li>The extent of your protective devices, such as alarms. </li></ul>
  34. 34. (II) Automobile insurance <ul><li>Motor insurance is determined by: </li></ul><ul><li>Your living place. </li></ul><ul><li>Type of vehicle. </li></ul><ul><li>Your job. </li></ul><ul><li>Age. </li></ul><ul><li>Young drivers pay high premiums because statistics show that they’re involved in more crashes than older drivers . </li></ul>
  35. 35. (III) Marine insurance <ul><li>It’s two major form of transportation coverage are: </li></ul><ul><li>Ocean marine : </li></ul><ul><li>It cover all losses to the ship & </li></ul><ul><li>cargo while port or at sea. </li></ul><ul><li>Inland marine: </li></ul><ul><li>It provide coverage to transportation of goods by rail, truck ,airplane, and water ways. </li></ul>
  36. 36. (IV) Travel insurance <ul><li>For limited time of period. </li></ul><ul><li>It include personal accident, </li></ul><ul><li>medical expenses, loss of Luggage. </li></ul><ul><li>The amount of premium is determined </li></ul><ul><li>by tour area and time duration. </li></ul><ul><li>Annual trivial policy is also available. </li></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>We can say insurance: </li></ul><ul><li> ---Secure the community. </li></ul><ul><li> ---Promote trade. </li></ul><ul><li>---Create jobs. </li></ul>
  38. 38. References <ul><li>Personal visit to efu & NJI . </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction to Business by M.Saeed Nasir. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Research project on “HR policy of NJI regarding motivation” by M. Ismail & Khalid Usman, BBA (Hons),2004-08,Iqra university Peshawar. </li></ul><ul><li>Research report on “individual life insurance brands, a perspective study” by Syed Affan Ahmad & M. Zarak BBA (Hons),2005-09,Iqra university Peshawar. </li></ul>