• London is the capital city of England and the United
• It is the most populated region, urban zone and
metropolitan area in UK.
• With the population of 21 million, it is the most populated
municipality in the EU and accounting for 12.5% of the UK
• London is already feeling the effects of climate change. It is
particularly vulnerable to flooding, subsidence, overheating
and to water supply shortfalls.
• Therefore to tackling climate change, the Mayor have
required developments to make the fullest contribution to
the mitigation of and adaptation to climate change and to
minimize emissions of carbon dioxide.
• The following hierarchy will be used to assess applications:
• Using less energy, in particular by adopting sustainable design and
• Supplying energy efficiently in particular by prioritizing
decentralized energy generation
• Using renewable energy
• The city of London is the heart of the world leading
financial, business and maritime centre with a range of
business orientated land use including offices, retail and
• To encourage healthy lifestyle for all the City’s communities,
city council have improved access to open space and
facilities is encourage
• Biodiversity is the amazing richness and variety of wildlife
and habitats on Earth, from snowfields to rainforests and
from mountain tops to the deep ocean floor.
• Even in 21st-century Britain the range of biodiversity is
• In the busiest city park and the quietest rocky cove there is
an enormous number of individual species, each one
superbly adapted for its own environmental needs.
• The Mayor's Biodiversity Strategy is the first regional
biodiversity strategy with a statutory basis.
• The document details the Mayor's vision for protecting and
conserving London's natural open spaces.
• It seeks to ensure that there is no overall loss of wildlife
habitats in London, and that more open spaces are created
and made accessible, so that all Londoners are within
walking distance of a quality natural space.
• The strategy is an important first step in establishing a
Londonwide framework for maintaining London’s diversity
• Encourage walking, cycling and public transport
• Introduced Congestion Charge
• Charged £8 on vehicles wishing to enter central
London on weekday daytimes
• The profit from the scheme is used to improve
London’s transport infrastructure.
• A report from the Department for Transport claims:
• 70,000 fewer cars in Central London
• 6% more bus journeys
• 12% more bicycle trips
• 15 million litres of fuel saved per year
• Extra £137m raised to invest in transport in 2006/7
• An environmentally friendly housing development in
Hackbridge, London, England.
• It was designed by the architect Bill Dunster to
support a more sustainable lifestyle.
• Zero energy-use only energy from renewable sources
generated on site(777 square metres of solar panels)
• Water efficient-most rain water falling on the site is
collected and reused
• Waste recycling-refuse:collection facilities are
designed to support recycling
• Space-heating requirements were 88% less
• Hot water consumption was 57% less
• Mains-water consumption has been reduced by 50 %
or 67% compares to a power shower household
• The residents’ car mileage is 65% less
• The City of London receives its treated
water from both the Lake Huron Water
Supply System (approximately 85% of
the daily consumption) and the Elgin
Area Water Supply System.
• The water treatment of London's two
primary water sources fall under the
jurisdiction of two Boards: the Lake
Huron Primary Water Supply System
Joint Board of Management and the
Elgin Area Primary Water Supply System
Joint Board of Management.
• On an annual basis, the City of London performs over
12,000 water quality tests.
• London also has 10 locations throughout the city in which
continuous online sampling of chlorine residual is
• All of these efforts help ensure that the water within the
distribution system is always of high quality.
The Mayor’s key targets are:
Achieve zero municipal waste
direct to landfill by 2025.
Reduce the amount of household
waste produced from 970kg to
790kg per household in 2031.
Increase London’s capacity to
reuse or repair from 6,000 tonnes-
a-year to 30,000 by 2031.
Recycle or compost at least 60%
Cut greenhouse emissions by one
million tonnes by 2031.
Generate as much energy as
possible from organic and non-
INVESTMENT PLAN FOR
• London’s infrastructure is already under pressure, and
London’s population continues to grow.
• Current projections suggest London’s population will hit 10
million by the early 2030s.
• Climate change presents further long term challenges.
• To ensure London has the infrastructure needed to remain
one of the best cities in the world to live, work and do
• The aim in developing a long term infrastructure
investment plan is:
to help the city prepare better for this growth over the very
long term, while working out how we can overcome current
problems and bring fresh thinking into delivering the
infrastructure the city needs.
• The scope covers public
transport, roads, energy, water,
sewerage, waste and green
• Critical social infrastructure is
also included – in particular the
overall amount and approximate
distribution of housing
(including affordable housing)
and school places.